Germany–Philippines relations

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Germany-Philippines relations

Germany

Philippines

The relation between Germany and the Philippines remains strong and positive. On 1955 an agreement was signed which led to a dynamic cooperation between the two countries. Germany has an embassy in Manila with honorary consulate in Cebu and the Philippines has an embassy in Berlin with consulates in Frankfurt and Hamburg.

History[edit]

The German-Filipino relation start goes back to the 19th century national hero José Rizal lived in Germany for some time and finished writing his famous novel Noli Me Tangere while living there, and published it with the assistance of professor Ferdinand Blumentritt; the house where Rizal lived in Berlin sports a commemorative plaque, and efforts are underway to purchase the building from its owner.[1] A life-size statue of Jose Rizal stands in a fountain in a small park in Wilhelmsfeld, Heidelberg. Mass migration from the Philippines to Germany began in the late 1960s, with large numbers of Filipina nurses taking up employment in German hospitals; however, with the onset of the 1973 oil crisis, German recruitment of gastarbeiter largely came to a halt. Filipina nurses hiring restored in 2013, as part of the Agreement between German Federal Employment Agency and Philippine Overseas Employment Administration.[2] Immigration through marriage began in the 1980s, with roughly 1,000 women a year applying at the Philippine Embassy for a Certificate of Legal Capacity to Contract Marriage up until 1990.[3]

Bilateral relation[edit]

Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs Albert del Rosario visited Germany in December 2011. He meet with his counterpart German Foreign Minister Westerwelle. Also, German Foreign Minister Westerwelle visited the Philippines in February 2013 accompanied by a German business delegation. He held talks with President Benigno Aquino III and Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario.[4] Germany and the Philippines history have come to some peculiar intersections like the Battle of Manila Bay. As recounted by Former President Fidel V. Ramos during the inauguration of the Mabuhay Germany expo in 2008, German ships were closely watching during the siege, awaiting the outcome.[5]

Filipinos in Germany[edit]

There are more than 60,000 Filipinos in Germany[1] consist of people from various walks of life, including migrant workers in the medical sector and marine-based industries, as well as a number of women married to German men they met through international marriage agencies.[1][3] Filipinos in Germany have established more than one hundred civic organisations.[3] Karaoke contests are a particularly popular form of social gathering.[6] Church-based volunteer work is also widespread and has been particularly successful in encouraging social engagement by female migrants, aimed at assisting the local Filipino community as well as raising money for charity projects in the Philippines.[3] Filipinos are well-integrated into German society, viewed by their neighbours as hardworking, skillful and peaceful.[1] According to a 1997 survey by the Netherlands' Universiteit van Tilburg, 75% feel they have no problems with cultural or linguistic adjustment.[6] Reliable estimates on the number of Filipinos in Germany are difficult to obtain. The German embassy to the Philippines estimated that 35,000 Philippine citizens worked in Germany as of 2008, and that another 30,000 had naturalised as German citizens.[1] Roughly 1,300 Filipinos acquire German citizenship each year.[6] Official figures of the Federal Statistical Office of Germany showed 23,171 Filipinos residing in the country as of 2003; that number did not include Filipinos naturalised as German citizens, nor those who resided in the country illegally. A 2007 study by scholars of the Philippine Migration Research Network suggested that the number of illegal residents might be as high as 40,000.[3] However, the Philippine consulate-general claims that the number of Filipinos illegally residing in Germany is very small.[6] As a result of the early female-dominated migration of nurses and mail-order brides, the Filipino community in Germany is heavily gender-imbalanced, with nearly 3.5 women for every man, according to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany.[3] Only in Hamburg is this ratio reversed.[6]

  • North Rhine-Westphalia – 4,517[6]
  • Hesse – 3,682[6]
  • Bavaria – 3,503[6]
  • Baden-Wurttemberg – 3,282[6]

Germans in the Philippines[edit]

German settlement in the Philippines began during the Colonial era when the German Empire attempted to acquire the Philippines. This also refers to Filipino citizens of either pure or mixed German descent currently residing in the country. In recent years, several German businesses have set-up shops in the Philippines and a number of Germans have chosen the Philippines as their new residence. In the Philippines, since its formation in January 1906, the German Club has provided a place of respite and interaction for Germans and Filipinos alike.[7] In the past century, it has stood witness to the country's unfolding history and today enjoys the regular patronage of members and guests at its current location in Legaspi Village in Makati City.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "German ambassador helping Philippines from 'sidelines'", The Manila Times, March 12, 2008, retrieved October 13, 2008 
  2. ^ "Germany starts hiring of Filipino nurses". German Embassy in Manila. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hardillo-Werning, Mary Lou U. (2007), "The Filipino Women Migrants in Germany", in Mongaya Hoegsholm, Filomenita, In De Olde Worlde: Views of Filipino Migrants in Europe, Philippine Social Science Council/Philippine Migration Research Network, pp. 270–282, ISBN 978-971-8514-29-0 
  4. ^ "Del Rosario seeks support for stronger Philippine-German relations". Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Philippine-German connection". Global Inquirer. Retrieved July 17, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Opiniano, Jeremaiah M. (December 30, 2004), "A taste of Filipino life in Germany", OFWJC Newspacket 3 (12), retrieved October 13, 2008 
  7. ^ :Inquirer Global Nation – The Philippine-German connection