Germany at the Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Germany at the Olympic Games

Flag of Germany
IOC code  GER
NOC German Olympic Sports Confederation
Website www.dosb.de (German) (English) (French)
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
Intercalated Games
1906
Other related appearances
Unified Team of Germany (1956–1964)
West Germany (1968–1988)
East Germany (1968–1988)
Saar (1952)

Athletes from Germany have taken part in most of the Olympic Games since the first modern Games in 1896. Germany has hosted three Olympic Games, in 1936 both the Winter and Summer Games, and the 1972 Summer Olympics. In addition, Germany had been selected to host the 1916 Summer Olympics as well as the 1940 Winter Olympics, both of which had to be cancelled due to World Wars. After these wars, Germans were banned from participating in 1920, 1924 and 1948. While the country was divided, each of the two German states boycotted the Summer Games: in 1980 West Germany was one of 65 nations which did not go to Moscow in protest at the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and in 1984 East Germany joined the Soviet Union (and several others) in the boycott of the Summer Games in Los Angeles.

Including the Winter Games of 2014, German athletes have won 1681 medals: 547 gold, 567 silver and 567 bronze. The IOC currently splits these results among four codes, even though only the East German Democratic Republic (GDR) from 1968 to 1988 had sent a separate team to compete against the team of the German NOC that represented Germany (GER) since 1896.

German post-WW2 division until 1990[edit]

After German organisations had been dissolved by the Allies in 1947, in 1950 the IOC recognized the reorganized Nationales Olympisches Komitee für Deutschland for all of Germany, based in (West) Germany.

Due to the Cold War, an East German state (German Democratic Republic) was created in October 1949, and a separate National Olympic Committee (NOC) for East Germany was established in 1951. It was not immediately recognized by the IOC, which until 1965 required that athletes of the NOC of East Germany join the German team represented by the West Germany based NOC of Germany. This team, which competed together from 1956 to 1964, is nowadays called the United Team of Germany (EUA, "Equipe Unifiée Allemande"), but was Germany (GER) then. As a result of the Germany being divided, from 1968 to 1990 two independent teams competed in each of the Games; the original designations were GER for the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and GDR for the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). In 1980 the West German code was changed to FRG (which is currently also applied by the IOC in retrospect). After the GDR ceased to exist in 1990 and its states joined the Federal Republic of Germany, Germany once again was represented by a single team, designated GER.

Additionally, in the early 1950s the French-occupied Saar had its own NOC and competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics before joining the German Olympic team in 1956 and the (West) German state by 1957.

Participation[edit]

Combined medals[edit]

Germany has competed at the Olympics under five different designations, including as two separate teams at several Games. Sources vary in how they present the medals won by these teams. The table below shows sourced combinations of these teams, when applied to the main table.

Medals won by Germany at the Summer Olympic Games between 1896 and 2012 (between 1956 and 1964 as the Unified Team of Germany and between 1968 and 1988 as a sum of medals of West and East Germany)
Medals won by Germany at the Winter Olympic Games between 1928 and 2014 (between 1956 and 1964 as the Unified Team of Germany and between 1968 and 1988 as sum of medals of West and East Germany)
Combined IOC codes № Games 1st 2nd 3rd Combined total
 Germany (GER)[1] 26 252 260 270 782
 Germany (GER) (EUA)[2] 32 288 320 311 919
 Germany (GER) (EUA) (FRG)[3] 43 355 402 405 1162
 Germany (GER) (EUA) (FRG) (GDR)[4] 54[5] 547 567 567 1681

Timeline of participation[edit]

Date Team(s)
1896–1936  Germany (GER)
1952  Germany (GER)
 Saar (SAA)
1956–1964  Unified Team of Germany (EUA)
1968–1988  West Germany (FRG)
 East Germany (GDR)
1992–  Germany (GER)


Medal tables by Games[edit]

*Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Olympic Committee: Germany
  2. ^ Sports Reference: Germany
  3. ^ olympicsuniverse.com: All Time Summer Olympics Medal Tally
  4. ^ BBC: Timeline: Olympic Powers
  5. ^ Counting the eleven Games where both East Germany (GDR) and West Germany (FRG) competed as two appearances.