Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest
|National selection events||National Final (1956-1958, 1960-1965, 1969-1973, 1975-1976, 1978-1992, 1996-2008, 2010-Present)
Internal Selection (1959, 1966-1968, 1974, 1977, 1993-1995, 2009, 2011)
|Best result||1st: 1982,[N 1] 2010|
|Worst result||Last: 1964, 1965, 1974, 1995, 2005|
|Germany's page at Eurovision.tv|
Germany has attempted to participate in every Eurovision Song Contest since its beginning in 1956, although its entry in 1996 did not qualify past the pre‐selection round, and therefore was not seen in the broadcast final and does not count as one of Germany's 57 appearances. No other country has been represented as often. France and the United Kingdom come in a close second, missing only two contests each. Before German reunification in 1990, it occasionally presented as West Germany, representing the Federal Republic of Germany. East Germany (the German Democratic Republic) did not compete. Germany has won two contests, in 1982 and 2010. Although German contestants have had limited success compared to their neighbours, public interest remains high and the contest is one of the most watched events each year.
Germany, along with the United Kingdom, Italy, France and Spain, is one of the "Big Five" countries that are automatically qualified to the final, regardless of the placing. This is due to being the largest financial contributors to the contest. However it was reported that the "Big Four" could lose their status and have to compete in the semi-finals for the first time in the 2009 contest. However this never progressed, and the "Big Four" will keep their status. The Eurovision Song Contest semi-final is broadcast on NDR Fernsehen (EinsFestival in recent years), and the final is broadcast on Das Erste, the flagship channel of ARD.
In recent years Germany have been notable for their adoption of musical styles which are not typical of Eurovision, such as country and western (Texas Lightning – "No No Never" in 2006) and swing (Roger Cicero – "Frauen regier'n die Welt" in 2007 and Alex Swings Oscar Sings – "Miss Kiss Kiss Bang" in 2009). Germany tied for last at the 2008 contest for points, but was awarded 23rd of 25th place when the results were posted. In 2009 ARD held an internal selection for the first time since 1995 due to lack of interest and viewing figures of the German national finals. Alex Christensen and Oscar Loya were selected to represent Germany at the 2009 contest, where they performed on stage with famous burlesque artist Dita von Teese. However they only managed to receive 35 points, placing 20th of 25 competing countries.
In 2010 ARD approached former entrant and songwriter Stefan Raab and private network ProSieben to co-operate in finding a winning entry for the country. It has been said that Raab was approached due to his good record at the contest, finishing 5th in 2000 as well as writing entries in 1998 and 2004, which finished 7th and 8th respectively. Raab agreed and conducted a TV casting show called "Unser Star für Oslo" ("Our star for Oslo") which was broadcast on ARD and ProSieben. A winner arose in Lena Meyer-Landrut with "Satellite", who went on to win the contest. Two further collaborations with ProSieben provided the second and third top ten result in a row respectively in 2011 (Lena Meyer-Landrut with "Taken by a Stranger") and 2012 (Roman Lob with "Standing Still").
ARD had selected an artist and song to represent them at the Eurovision Song Contest 1996, set to be held in Oslo, Norway. Due to the large number of countries wanting to compete at Eurovision, they determined that only 23 of the 30 countries could compete. Hosts Norway qualified automatically, the other 29 songs went into an audio only pre-qualification round, with the top 22 going on to compete alongside Norway in Oslo. Unfortunately for Germany its entry, Leon with "Planet of Blue", failed to earn enough points to progress to the final, finishing 24th. ARD and the EBU were not happy with this, as Germany was the biggest financial contributor at the time. This was the only time that Germany was absent from the broadcast final.
Germany and the "Big Five"
Since 1998, four particular countries have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous Contests. They earned this special status by being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU (without which the production of the Eurovision Song Contest would not be possible). These countries are the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain. Due to their untouchable status in the Contest, these countries became known as the "Big Four". Italy returned to the contest in 2011, thus becoming part of a "Big Five".
- Second place
- Third place
- Last place
- Automatically qualified to the final
- Did not qualify for the final
- a. ^ The full results for the first contest in 1956 are unknown, only the winner was announced. The official Eurovision site lists all the other songs as being placed second.
- b. ^ In 1996 Germany failed to qualify for the contest from the pre-qualification round. The official Eurovision site does not count 1996 in Germany's total list of appearances.
As of 2013, Germany's voting history is as follows:
- Winner – Germany gave 12 points to a winning song.
- Second place – Germany gave 12 points to a runner-up song.
- Third place – Germany gave 12 points to a third place song.
- Qualified – Germany gave 12 points to a song that qualified to the Grand Finals.
- Non-qualified – Germany gave 12 points to a song that did not qualify to the Grand Finals
|1975||Finland||1988||Switzerland||No semi-finals||2001||Denmark||No semi-finals|
|1978||Israel||1991||Sweden||2004||Turkey||Serbia and Montenegro|
|1983||Sweden||1996||Did not qualify1||Unknown2||2009||Norway||Turkey|
1 Germany placed 24th in the internal semifinal and was eliminated.
2 The voting for the 1996 pre-qualifying round is unknown to date.
|1957||Frankfurt am Main||Big studio of the Hessischer Rundfunk||Anaïd Iplicjian|
|2011||Düsseldorf||Esprit Arena||Anke Engelke, Judith Rakers and Stefan Raab|
Over the years ARD commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Ado Schlier, Thomas Gottschalk, Jan Hofer, Wolf Mittler, Fritz Egner and Werner Veigel. However Peter Urban provided ARD TV commentary every year since 1997, however due to his health issues in 2009 he was forced to step down as role as German commentator with HR disc jockey Tim Frühling filling in to commentate at Moscow. Urban returned to commentate for Germany in 2010.
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
|Nicole||"Ein bißchen Frieden"||7||106||1982||1||161|
Notes and References
- As West Germany before the reunification of Germany.
- Murray, Gavin (2008-05-28). "Big 4 (France; Germany; Spain; United Kingdom): May lose automatic place in Eurovision final". ESCToday. Retrieved 2008-09-13.
- Viniker, Barry (2008-09-14). "Eurovision 'Big Four' final spots confirmed". ESCToday. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
- Floras, Stella (2008-12-16). "Germany: No national final for 2009". ESCToday. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- O'Connor, John Kennedy (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest 50 Years The Official History. London: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 1-84442-586-X.
- Fulton, Rick (2007-05-14). "The East V West Song Contest". Daily Record. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- Barclay, Simon (June 17, 2010). The Complete and Independent Guide to the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. Silverthorn Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-4457-8415-1.
|Wikinews has related news: Eurovision '82 winner Nicole talks about 'Ein bißchen Frieden', her success and the Contest today|
- Eurovision official website
- Eurovision Club Germany
- OGAE Germany
- German ESC official website
- Points to and from Germany eurovisioncovers.co.uk