Germinal (French Republican Calendar)

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This article is about the month in the French Republican Calendar. For the Émile Zola novel, see Germinal (novel). For other uses, see Germinal (disambiguation).

Germinal (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɛʁminal]) was the seventh month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word germen, "germination". Germinal was the first month of the spring quarter (mois de printemps). It started March 21 or March 22, and ended April 19 or April 20. It follows Ventôse and precedes Floréal.

In the context of the French Revolution, Germinal sometimes refers to the downfall and execution of the Indulgents, Georges Danton and Camille Desmoulins, which took place during Germinal of 1794, four months before the Thermidorian Reaction in which Robespierre himself was executed. The events of Germinal 1794 signaled the beginning of the end of the Reign of Terror.


3 Germinal III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 19
1 Saturday
21 March 1795
2 Sunday
22 March 1795
3 Monday
23 March 1795
4 Tuesday
24 March 1795
5 Wednesday
25 March 1795
6 Thursday
26 March 1795
7 Friday
27 March 1795
8 Saturday
28 March 1795
9 Sunday
29 March 1795
10 Monday
30 March 1795
décade 20
11 Tuesday
31 March 1795
12 Wednesday
1 April 1795
13 Thursday
2 April 1795
14 Friday
3 April 1795
15 Saturday
4 April 1795
16 Sunday
5 April 1795
17 Monday
6 April 1795
18 Tuesday
7 April 1795
19 Wednesday
8 April 1795
20 Thursday
9 April 1795
décade 21
21 Friday
10 April 1795
22 Saturday
11 April 1795
23 Sunday
12 April 1795
24 Monday
13 April 1795
25 Tuesday
14 April 1795
26 Wednesday
15 April 1795
27 Thursday
16 April 1795
28 Friday
17 April 1795
29 Saturday
18 April 1795
30 Sunday
19 April 1795
10 h
6:56:44
Germinal
15:45:17
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months, Germinal lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi). The 26th and 27th changed their role in later years.

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Primevère (Primrose) 11. Pervenche (Periwinkle) 21. Gainier (Judas tree)
Duodi 2. Platane (Plane tree) 12. Charme (Hornbeam) 22. Romaine (Cos Lettuce)
Tridi 3. Asperge (Asparagus) 13. Morille (Round Morel) 23. Maronnier (Horse Chestnut)
Quartidi 4. Tulipe (Tulip) 14. Hêtre (Beech) 24. Roquette (Rocket)
Quintidi 5. Poule (Hen) 15. Abeille (Bee) 25. Pigeon (Pigeon)
Sextidi 6. Blette (Beetroot) 16. Laitue (Lettuce) 26. Anémone/Lilas (Anemone/Lilac)
Septidi 7. Bouleau (Birch) 17. Mélèze (Larch) 27. Lilas/Anémone (Lilac/Anemone)
Octidi 8. Jonquille (Jonquil) 18. Ciguë (Hemlock) 28. Pensée (Pansy)
Nonidi 9. Aulne (Alder) 19. Radis (Radish) 29. Myrtil (Blueberry)
Decadi 10. Couvoir (Hatchery) 20. Ruche (Beehive) 30. Greffoir (Graft Knife)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Germinal"
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
March 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 April
VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
March 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 April

See also[edit]

External links[edit]