Gerringong, New South Wales

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Gerringong
New South Wales
Gerringong from South Head.jpg
A view of the town from the south
Gerringong is located in New South Wales
Gerringong
Gerringong
Coordinates 34°45′S 150°50′E / 34.750°S 150.833°E / -34.750; 150.833Coordinates: 34°45′S 150°50′E / 34.750°S 150.833°E / -34.750; 150.833
Population 3,456 (2011)[1]
Established 1854
Postcode(s) 2534
Location
  • 130 km (81 mi) from Sydney
  • 12 km (7 mi) from Kiama
LGA(s) Municipality of Kiama
State electorate(s) Kiama
Federal Division(s) Gilmore

Gerringong is a town located about ten minutes[citation needed] south of Kiama in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia in the Municipality of Kiama. At the 2011 census, Gerringong had a population of 3,456 people.[1] One theory says that the name derives from an Aboriginal word meaning "fearful place"[2] Supposedly great fear was caused to tribes there by the sight of Captain Cook's ship in full sail. There are other theories as to the meaning of the name.

History[edit]

The first European settlers were red cedar cutters, who were first recorded as having visited and logged in the area in 1814. As in much of coastal New South Wales, the cleared land was used for dairy farming and cedar cutting died out, as the cedar trees disappeared. Dairy farming became the predominant primary industry, and remains so to this day. Gerringong had a small boat harbour used for the export of cedar and dairy produce.[2]

In 1824, Governor Brisbane reserved 600 acres (2.4 km²) for the present Gerringong township. In 1827 Michael Hindmarsh and his family were granted 640 acres (2.6 km²) and became the first settler in the Gerringong area. In 1829 Gerringong was incorporated into the postal system. Alne Bank homestead was built in 1851 for the Hindmarshes, who still live there today and occasionally open it for inspection.

In 1854, a town plan for Gerringong was approved and the Governor proclaimed it a village. In 1872 the business area, Church of England church and some houses were destroyed by a bush fire. In 1893 the South Coast railway line was extended to Gerringong,[3] leading to the end of shipping from the town. Telephone services were extended to Gerringong in 1913 and electricity in 1928.

In 1933 Sir Charles Kingsford Smith undertook his historic flight from nearby Seven Mile Beach to New Zealand. A memorial stone at Gerroa marks the event.

In 1954 Gerringong Municipal District amalgamated with Kiama Municipal Council. The town water supply was connected in 1971, signalling an end to tanks attached to each house. Land along the coastal fringe tends to receive higher rainfall than the interior water catchment areas, which are often in rainshadow. In 2002, the town sewerage system was connected.[4]

Modern Gerringong[edit]

The population of Gerringong and the area is around 4,000 people and growing. Many are retirees from Sydney and Canberra, others enjoy the seaside lifestyle but commute to work in Wollongong or Nowra and even Sydney. The main local industries are agriculture (including dairying and vineyards), tourism and retail trade.

The town has a modern primary school, a town hall (built 1948), a large retirement village and a thriving tourist industry. Especially in the summer months, when visitors (mostly from Sydney and Canberra) flock to the pristine beaches, to enjoy swimming, surfing, fishing and relaxing in the restaurants and cafés plus hunting for treasures in the shops and boutiques. There are two vineyards producing award-winning wines, one with cellar-door sales.

Gerringong railway station is served by NSW TrainLink' s South Coast Line. Services are provided by diesel trains, which connect with electric trains to Sydney at Kiama. Local bus companies connect Gerringong to Kiama and Nowra on a daily basis, and interstate buses connect it with Sydney and Melbourne and all stops in between.

The Gerringong and District Historical Society runs the Heritage Museum, containing lots of fascinating items, scale models of buildings, a photographic record of motor racing on Seven Mile Beach in the 1920s, and a display on the local dairying industry. The Society has a facility to do genealogy computer searches of a full database of Pioneer Family descendants, and also Birth, Death and Marriage records relating to the Gerringong area.

Major highway upgrade[edit]

Major roadworks are currently underway and are due for completion in 2014. Commenced in 2012, the major infrastructure project will include a new overpass over the Omega rail level crossing, major highway widening, with additional exits and safer on and off ramps.[5]

The $310 million upgrade will provide 7.5 kilometres of upgraded highway and include two new interchanges with access to Gerringong and Gerroa.

Geography[edit]

View of Rose Valley and (on the horizon) Gerringong
A coastal headland north of the town. The Kiama Coast Walk can be seen faintly along the hill.

The boundaries of the Gerringong District range from Mount Pleasant and Omega in the north, to Rose Valley, Willow Vale and Foxground in the west, and to Broughton Village, Toolijooa, Harley Hill, Gerroa and Seven Mile Beach in the south. In the centre of the area lies the town of Gerringong itself, and the nearby area of Werri Beach.

Gerringong is known as "Where the Mountains Meet the Sea" due to an advertising campaign. A spur of Saddleback Mountain reaches down to Mt Pleasant to the north of Gerringong township, ending the spectacular Illawarra escarpment, which starts north of Wollongong. The area is famous for its picturesque coastline, incorporating rugged sea cliffs, pristine golden beaches surrounded by rolling hills and countryside, which stays velvety green year-round.

The Princes Highway bypasses Gerringong township on its western edge, with two exits, one at Fern St and another at Belinda Street, 2 km further south. Gerringong and Werri Beach used to be two separate localities, but they have now grown together without any definitive boundary.

Werri Lagoon, which sometimes empties to the sea at the northern end of Werri Beach, used to naturally exit near the Gerringong Surf Club at the south end... until human intervention occurred in the 1960s. Bridges Road used to be access to a bridge which provided access to Werri Beach. More often that not nowadays, the lagoon is isolated from the sea by a sand-spit which has to be opened by mechanical means to allow it to drain after high rainfall or lengthy periods of closure, which results in stagnation and pollution. When extra high tides occur, the water still washes over Pacific Avenue at the south end, where the lagoon previously emptied into the ocean.

Werri Lagoon is now part of the Kiama Coast Walk, which stretches from Loves Bay, north of Kiama, to Werri Lagoon. The walking track extends for six kilometres and took eleven years to prepare and construct.[6] It opened in October 2009.

Gerringong's Boatharbour, was extensively used for shipping timber and dairy produce in the 19th century. At one time a lengthy jetty existed, but it was destroyed in fierce storms in 1891. It was never rebuilt.

Gerringong's geology is basically basalt, emplaced in the Permian period.

Climate[edit]

Due to their close proximity, Gerringong has a climate similar to Kiama, which has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) typical of southern and central New South Wales with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread relatively evenly throughout the year with the wettest months being in autumn and the driest in spring.

Climate data for Kiama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.3
(75.7)
22.3
(72.1)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
16.9
(62.4)
18.2
(64.8)
20.0
(68)
21.8
(71.2)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
21.5
(70.7)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.8
(64)
16.5
(61.7)
13.8
(56.8)
11.9
(53.4)
9.4
(48.9)
8.5
(47.3)
8.9
(48)
10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
14.0
(57.2)
16.3
(61.3)
13.1
(55.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 108.9
(4.287)
120.8
(4.756)
141.0
(5.551)
129.7
(5.106)
120.3
(4.736)
123.1
(4.846)
88.6
(3.488)
81.4
(3.205)
73.0
(2.874)
86.3
(3.398)
88.5
(3.484)
92.4
(3.638)
1,252.8
(49.323)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[7]

Politics[edit]

Gerringong is part of the Municipality of Kiama, Mayor Sandra McCarthy is a resident of Gerringong. Local residents are represented by the Member of NSW Parliament for Kiama currently Gareth Ward. The area is represented by the Federal Member for Gilmore, currently Joanna Gash.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gerringong (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Brief History". TravellerTV, Gerringong. 2002–2007. Retrieved 23 January 2007. 
  3. ^ "Gerringong Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 23 January 2007. 
  4. ^ "Gerringong's Historical Time Line". TravellerTV, Gerringong. 2002–2007. Retrieved 23 January 2007. 
  5. ^ "Gerringong Upgrade". 
  6. ^ Daily Telegraph, 4 September 2009, p.30
  7. ^ "Kiama Bowling Club AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 14 February 2009.