Gerry and the Pacemakers

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Gerry and the Pacemakers
Gerry and the Pacemakers group photo 1964.JPG
The band in 1964.
Background information
Origin Liverpool, England
Genres Merseybeat, British rock and roll, Rock, Pop
Years active 1959–66; 1974–present
Labels Columbia (EMI) (UK)
Laurie Records (US)
United Artists (US)
Capitol Records (Canada)
Website gerryandthepacemakers.co.uk
Members Gerry Marsden
Freddie Marsden
Arthur Mack
Les Chadwick
Les Maguire

Gerry and the Pacemakers were a British rock and roll/Mersey-beat group prominent during the 1960s. In common with the Beatles, they came from Liverpool, were managed by Brian Epstein and recorded by George Martin.[1] They are most remembered for being the first act to reach number one in the UK Singles Chart with their first three single releases.[2] This record was not equalled for 20 years,[2] until the mid-1980s success of fellow Liverpool band Frankie Goes to Hollywood.

History[edit]

Gerry Marsden formed the group in 1959 with his brother, Fred, Les Chadwick and Arthur McMahon. They rivalled the Beatles early in their career, playing in the same areas of Hamburg, Germany and Liverpool.[1] McMahon (known as Arthur Mack) was replaced on piano by Les Maguire around 1961.[1] They are known to have rehearsed at Cammell Laird shipping yard at Birkenhead. The group's original name was Gerry Marsden and the Mars Bars,[3] but they were forced to change this, when the Mars Company, producers of the chocolate Mars Bar, complained.[4]

The band was the second to sign with Brian Epstein, who later signed them with Columbia Records (a sister label to the Beatles' label Parlophone under EMI).[1] They began recording in early 1963 with "How Do You Do It?", a song written by Mitch Murray, that Adam Faith had turned down and one that the Beatles chose not to release (they did record the song but insisted on releasing their own song, "Please Please Me").[5] The song was produced by George Martin and became a number one hit in the UK, the first by an Epstein Liverpool group to achieve this on all charts, until being replaced at the top by "From Me to You", the Beatles' third single.[6]

Gerry and the Pacemakers' next two singles, Murray's "I Like It" and Rodgers and Hammerstein's "You'll Never Walk Alone", both also reached number one in the UK Singles Chart,[7] the latter recorded instead of the Beatles' "Hello Little Girl", which went on to become the first hit for the Fourmost. "You'll Never Walk Alone" had been a favourite of Gerry Marsden's since seeing Carousel growing up. It quickly became the signature tune of Liverpool Football Club and, later, other sports teams around the world. The song remains a football anthem, there and elsewhere, inspired by Gerry Marsden's rendition rather than the Broadway original.[8] The group narrowly missed a fourth consecutive number one when "I'm the One" was kept off the top spot for two weeks in February 1964 by fellow Liverpudlian's The Searchers "Needles and Pins".

The group's New York arrival in 1964.

Despite this early success, Gerry and the Pacemakers never had another number one single in the UK. Gerry Marsden began writing most of their songs, including "I'm the One","It's Gonna Be All Right" and "Ferry Cross the Mersey", as well as their first and biggest US hit, "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying", which peaked at No.4, and which Gerry Marsden initially gave to Decca recording artist Louise Cordet in 1963.[1] She recorded the song (Decca F11824), but without commercial success. The song, written by all bandmembers, has also been covered by Les Carle, the Lettermen, Jackie DeShannon (This Is Jackie DeShannon album, 1965), José Feliciano, Dr. John, Rickie Lee Jones, Gloria Estefan (Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me album) among others.[9] They also starred in an early 1965 film called Ferry Cross the Mersey (sometimes referred to as "Gerry and the Pacemakers' version of A Hard Day's Night"), for which Marsden wrote much of the soundtrack.[1] The title song was revived in 1989 as a charity single for an appeal in response to the Hillsborough football crowd disaster, giving Marsden – in association with other Liverpool stars, including Paul McCartney and Frankie Goes to Hollywood's Holly Johnson – another British number one.[1][10]

In the US, their recordings were released by the small New York City record label Laurie in 1963, with whom they issued four singles during 1963 without success (as listed below). When the Beatles broke through in January 1964, Laurie's next regular single release of "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying became a big hit and during 1964 Laurie coupled "How Do You Do It?" with "You'll Never Walk Alone" (Laurie 3261) and "I Like It" with "Jambalaya" (Laurie 3271) with some success.

By late 1965, their popularity was rapidly declining on both sides of the Atlantic.[1] They disbanded in October 1966,[1] with much of their latter recorded material never released in the UK.

Drummer Freddie Marsden, born Fredrick John Marsden, 23 November 1940, at 8 Menzies Street, Toxteth, Liverpool, died on 9 December 2006 in Southport, age 66.

Discography[edit]

Singles[edit]

In the United States, a different series of Gerry and the Pacemakers' singles was issued, as their Laurie Records label created more albums, and at least two singles, which were never issued in Britain. This was a standard practice at the time; it also happened with the Beatles and the Dave Clark 5.[11]

Release Date A-side B-side Chart Positions UK Album US Album
UK[7] US[11] AU
March 1963 (UK)
April 1963 (US)
"How Do You Do It?" "Away From You"
1
-
3
Non-album tracks Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
May 1963 (UK)
June 1963 (US)
"I Like It" "It's Happened To Me"
1
-
3
Second Album
October 1963 (UK)
December 1963 (US)
"You'll Never Walk Alone" "It's Alright"
1
-
1
A: How Do You Like It?
B: Non-album track
A: Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
B: Second Album
January 1964 (UK)
June 1964 (US)
"I'm The One" UK: "You've Got What I Like"
US: "It's Alright"
2
82
14
Non-album tracks A: Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
UK B: Unreleased in US
US B: Second Album
April 1964 (UK)
May 1964 (US)
"Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying" UK: "Show Me That You Care"
US: "Away From You"
6
4
21
Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
July 1964 "How Do You Do It?" (Reissue) "You'll Never Walk Alone"
n/a
9
n/a
A: Non-album tracks
B: How Do You Like It?
September 1964 "I Like It" (Reissue) "Jambalaya"
n/a
17
n/a
A: Second Album
B: Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
September 1964 (UK)
June 1965 (US)
"It's Gonna Be Alright" UK: "It's Just Because"
US: "Skinny Minnie"
24
23
36
A: Ferry Cross The Mersey
UK & US B: Non-album tracks
A: Ferry Cross The Mersey
UK B: Non-album track
US B: I'll Be There
December 1964 (UK)
January 1965 (US)
"Ferry Cross The Mersey" UK: "You, You, You"
US: "Pretend"
8
6
2
A: Ferry Cross The Mersey
UK B: Non-album track
US B: How Do You Like It?
A: Ferry Cross The Mersey
UK B: I'll Be There
US B: Second Album
March 1965 "I'll Be There" UK: "Baby You're So Good To Me"
US: "You, You, You"
15
14
9
A & US B: Non-album tracks
UK B: Ferry Cross The Mersey
A & US B: I'll Be There
UK B: Ferry Cross The Mersey
March 1965 "Pretend" "Here's Hoping"
n/a
n/a
17
How Do You Like It? Second Album
September 1965 "You'll Never Walk Alone" (Reissue) "Away From You"
n/a
48
n/a
A: How Do You Like It?
B: Non-album track
Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
October 1965 "Give All Your Love To Me" "You're The Reason"
n/a
68
45
A: Non-album track
B: How Do You Like It?
A: Non-album track
B: Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
November 1965 (UK)
December 1965 (US)
"Walk Hand in Hand" "Dreams"
29
-
32
Non-album tracks Non-album tracks
February 1966 (UK)
March 1966 (US)
"La La La" "Without You"
-
90
66
Girl on a Swing
June 1966 (UK)
September 1966 (US)
"Girl on a Swing" UK: "A Fool To Myself"
US: "The Way You Look Tonight"
-
28
24
A & US B: Girl on a Swing
UK B: Unreleased in US
October 1966 "The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine" "Looking for My Life"
-
-
-
Girl on a Swing
April 1970 "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying" (Reissue) "Away From You"
-
-
-
Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying
April 1974 "Remember (The Days of Rock and Roll)" "There's Still Time"
-
-
-
Non-album tracks

(Note: The US single Of "I'll Be There" is an alternate take and all subsequent reissues used the original UK take.)

Albums[edit]

Release date Title UK Albums Chart[7] Billboard 200[12]
October 1963 How Do You Like It?
2
n/a
July 1964 Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying
n/a
29
November 1964 Gerry and the Pacemakers' Second Album
n/a
129
February 1965 Ferry Cross the Mersey
19
13
February 1965 I'll Be There!
n/a
120
May 1965 Gerry and the Pacemakers' Greatest Hits
n/a
44
December 1966 Girl on a Swing
n/a
-
July 1979 The Best of Gerry and the Pacemakers
n/a
-
1981 Ferry Cross the Mersey (live album)
n/a
-
1982 20 Year Anniversary Album
-
n/a
June 1984 The Very Best of Gerry and the Pacemakers
-
n/a

† – Soundtrack, includes other artists

See also[edit]

Quotation[edit]

In 1963, Gerry Marsden was quoted as saying –

NME – August 1963[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Biography by Richie Unterberger". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Roberts, David (2001). British Hit Singles (14th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 35. ISBN 0-85156-156-X. 
  3. ^ Meet the Singer: Gerry Marsden at triumphpc.com
  4. ^ FREDDIE MARSDEN (1940–2006) at spectropop.com
  5. ^ The Beatles Anthology: Episode 1, chapter 16 "Please Please Me"-"We're No.1"
  6. ^ The Beatles Bible: How Do You Do It Retrieved 22 August 2008
  7. ^ a b c Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 264. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  8. ^ Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 74. ISBN 0-85112-250-7. 
  9. ^ "Original versions of Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying by Gerry & The Pacemakers". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  10. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 106. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  11. ^ a b Allmusic.com – Charts & Awards (singles)
  12. ^ Allmusic.com – Charts & Awards (albums)
  13. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 123. CN 5585. 

External links[edit]