Gersdorffite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gersdorffite
Gersdorffit - Lobenstein, Vogtland.jpg
Gersdorffite
General
Category Mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
NiAsS
Strunz classification 02.EB.25
Identification
Color silver white to steel gray
Crystal system cubic
Mohs scale hardness 5-5.5
Streak grayish black
Specific gravity 5.6-6.2

Gersdorffite is a nickel arsenic sulfide mineral with formula NiAsS. It crystallizes in the isometric system showing diploidal symmetry. It occurs as euhedral to massive opaque, metallic grey-black to silver white forms. Gersdorffite belongs to a solid solution series with cobaltite, CoAsS. Antimony freely substitutes also leading to ullmannite, NiSbS. It has a Mohs hardness of 5.5 and a specific gravity of 5.9 to 6.33.

Gersdorffite has three crystallisation forms: Gersdorffite-P213 (NiAsS), Gersdorffite-Pa3 (Ni(As,S)2) and Gersdorffite-Pca21 (NiAsS).[1] Gersdorffite occurs as a hydrothermal vein mineral along with other nickel sulfides. Associated minerals include nickeline, nickel-skutterudite, cobaltite, ullmannite, maucherite, löllingite, platinum-group minerals, millerite, pyrite, marcasite, and chalcopyrite.

Gersdorffite was first described in 1843 and named for Johann von Gersdorff (1781–1849), owner of the nickel mine at Schladming, Austria the type locality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bayliss P (1982) A further crystal structure refinement of gersdorffite, American Mineralogist 67, 1058-1064