Gesher HaZiv

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Gesher HaZiv
גֶּשֶׁר הַזִּיו
Gesher HaZiv is located in Israel
Gesher HaZiv
Gesher HaZiv
Coordinates: 33°2′20.4″N 35°6′40.67″E / 33.039000°N 35.1112972°E / 33.039000; 35.1112972Coordinates: 33°2′20.4″N 35°6′40.67″E / 33.039000°N 35.1112972°E / 33.039000; 35.1112972
Council Mateh Asher
Region Western Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1949
Founded by Immigrants from North American Habonim and former members of kibbutz Beit HaArava
Name meaning Bridge of Splendor
Website www.gesher-haziv.org.il

Gesher HaZiv (Hebrew: גֶּשֶׁר הַזִּיו, lit. Bridge of Splendor) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Situated in the Western Galilee on the coastal highway between Nahariya and the Lebanese border, opposite the Akhziv National Park, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Asher Regional Council. In 2010 it had a population of about 1,400.

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded in 1949 by two groups: 120 immigrants from the first immigrants' gar'in of the Habonim Labor Zionist youth movement in North America, and half of the former members of kibbutz Beit HaArava, evacuated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It is named in memory of the 14 Palmach members who were killed during the night of the bridges in 1946,and in relation to the ancient Phoenician and Arab village of Achziv whose nearby remains are part of a national park by the sea—Achziv means disappointment so the first core of "Chalutzim" (pioneers) decided to name the new settlement, just the opposite, as "joy" referring to the bridge incident and also their own disappointment from the recent evacuation from Beit HaArava.

In July 1998, Gesher HaZiv joined the vanguard of "privatization" in the kibbutz movement. Largely due to pressures caused by collective debts, the majority of the membership voted to adopt a policy of "differential income". Numerous economic branches were sold off, and many communal services were either shut down entirely or converted to a non-subsidized, pay-per-use basis.Kibbutz homes were parceled into separate lots and became the private property of each kibbutz family.

In 2004 the kibbutz began absorbing 200 families in a new housing development. The new families together with the veteran kibbutz members formed an administrative municipality which manages the community.

The veteran members retained the framework of the veteran kibbutz. In this framework they have maintained a level of mutual aid and economic cooperation, while all community services and activities are shared by all members of the new municipality. From 2006, many children of the veteran members, who had left the kibbutz in previous years, began returning with their families to build their homes in the revitalized community. They have become members of the community municipality, but also of the veteran kibbutz framework.

Education[edit]

In 1952, Gesher HaZiv became the second kibbutz to have its children sleep in the parents' homes (Hebrew: לינה משפחתית‎, lina Mishpahtit) rather than in communal children's houses (Hebrew: לינה משותפת‎, lina meshutefet).

On the kibbutz grounds are two regional schools: the elementary school Hofei HaGalil ("Galilee Shores"; grades 1-6) and the experiential secondary school Sulam Tsor ("Ladder to Tyre"; grades 7-12). These schools serve local kibbutzim and moshavim, along with accepting private students from nearby towns. Since the mid-1990s, Gesher HaZiv has its own local chapter of the Zionist youth movement HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed.

Further reading[edit]

  • Goldberg, J.J. and King, Eliot (eds.), Builders and Dreamers: Habonim Labor Zionist Youth in North America. New York: Herzl Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8453-4841-8

External links[edit]