Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum

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Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum (Deeds of the Bishops of Hamburg) is a historical treatise written between 1073 and 1076 by Adam of Bremen. It covers the period from 788 to the time it was written. The treatise consist of:

  • Liber I
  • Liber II
  • Liber III
  • Descriptio insularum aquilonis (A description of the northern islands)
  • M. Adami epilogus ad Liemarum episcopum


The manuscript is one of the most important sources of the early Northern German and Scandinavian history and geography. It covers the relations between Saxons, Wends and Danes.[citation needed]

The fourth book describes the geography of Scandinavia and the Baltic region as well as Iceland, Greenland and Vinland (North America), being the oldest book mentioning (in chapter 38) a part of the North American continent.


Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum. English translation in History of the Archbishops of Bremen, translated with an introduction and notes by Francis J. Tschan. Columbia University Press. New York (1959).

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