Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum

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The Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum[1] (Latin: "Deeds of the Huns and Hungarians"), written mainly by Simon of Kéza around 1282-1285, is one of the sources of early Hungarian history.[2] It is also known as the Gesta Hungarorum (II) (Latin: "Deeds of the Hungarians"), the "(II)" indicating its status as an expansion of the original Gesta Hungarorum (written around 1200).

The work is dated to 1282-1285 as it includes the Battle of Hódtó (1282) but does not mention the Tatar invasion in 1285.

The work combines Hunnish legend with history. It consists of two parts:

  • the Hunnish legend ("Hunnish Chronicle"), expanded with Hungarian oral tales;[2]
  • a history of the Kingdom of Hungary since the original Gesta Hungaronum.

Simon of Kéza was a court cleric of King Ladislaus IV. (reigned 1272 – 1290). He travelled widely in Italy, France and Germany and culled his epic and poetic materials from a broad range of readings.

By Kéza's own admission, he used contemporary German, Italian and French chronicles, but it has been proved that he freely used Hungarian sources also.[2]

The Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum was edited and translated in 1999 by László Veszprémy and Frank Schaer for the Central European University.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Reader's encyclopedia of Eastern European literature, 1993, Robert B. Pynsent, Sonia I. Kanikova, p. 529.
  2. ^ a b c Múlt-kor történelmi portál

External links[edit]