German National Library of Science and Technology
|Type||National library, research library|
|Scope||Engineering, architecture, chemistry, computer science, mathematics, physics|
30167 Hanover, Germany
|Items collected||Books, journals, electronic media|
|Size||8.9 million media units
15.75 million patents
|Access and use|
|Population served||Researchers, business clients, students, general public|
|Budget||€9.4 million (acquisitions)|
The German National Library of Science and Technology (German: Technische Informationsbibliothek), abbreviated TIB, is the national library of the Federal Republic of Germany for all fields of engineering, technology, and the natural sciences. It is jointly funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the 16 German states. Founded in 1959, the library operates in conjunction with the Leibniz Universität Hannover. In addition to acquiring scientific literature, it also conducts applied research in such areas as the archiving of non-textual materials, data visualization and the future Internet. The library is also involved in a number of open access initiatives. With a collection of over 8.9 million items in 2012, the TIB is the largest science and technology library in the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Collection
- 3 Services
- 4 Partnerships
- 5 Research projects
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The TIB has its roots in the library of the Higher Vocational College/Polytechnic Institute of Hanover (German: Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule) founded in 1831. The library expanded as the institution evolved from a technical college into the University of Hanover. During World War II the library did not suffer any losses thanks to the books being moved to safety in time. As a result, it had a uniquely comprehensive and valuable collection in postwar Germany. On the recommendation of the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) was founded in 1959. Its legal basis is a treaty signed by the States of Germany (Länder) for cooperatively funding scientific research institutions. In 1977 it became a national center for the research community, jointly funded by the German federal government (30%) and the federal states (70%).
The TIB acquires literature in all engineering fields as well as architecture, information technology, chemistry, mathematics, physics and other basic sciences. It is a particular specialist in the acquisition of "gray literature", difficult to obtain and not available via the standard book or journal trade. It also holds a large number of standards, norms, patents, source data, scientific conference proceedings, government research papers and dissertations. Special collections include the "Albrecht Haupt Collection" of digitally rendered architectural drawings and a regional focus on technical literature from East Asia and Eastern Europe. The film and audiovisual material previously held by IWF Wissen und Medien (IWF Knowledge and Media) is now by TIB.
In 2011 its holdings were:
- 8,900,000 books, journal titles, and digital items
- 5.500.000 books
- 3.400.000 micro-materials
- 78.000 individual digital documents (E-Books, E-Dissertations)
- 46.000 E-journals
- 17.000 specialized journals (print)
- 3.500 specialized databases
- 15,750,000 patent documents, norms, and standards
DOI Registration Agency
In 2005 the TIB became the world's first Digital Object Identifier (DOI) registration agency for research data sets in the fields of technology, natural sciences and medicine. Today it offers registration for the results of any publicly funded research conducted in Europe.
- Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
- Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) in the areas of energy, aviation, and aerospace research
- Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) in energy research and energy technologies
- Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR) on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV)
Leibniz Open Access Repository
The TIB is a member of the Leibniz Association, a consortium of 87 non-university research institutes in Germany. In support of the Association's open access goals, the TIB operates the LeibnizOpen repository in cooperation with Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe. The TIB advises the Leibniz Association's various member organizations, scientists and staff on depositing publications in the repository according to open access guidelines.
Competence Center for Non-Textual Material
The amount, usage and importance of non-textual materials such as 3D models, AV media and research data is continually increasing and only a small proportion can be searched at the present time. The goal of the TIB Competence Centre for Non-Textual Materials (KNM) (German: Kompetenzzentrum für nicht-textuelle Materialien) is to fundamentally improve access to, and the use of, such non-textual materials. The TIB also develops new multimedia analysis methods such as morphology, speech or structure recognition to create indexing and metadata to help researchers and educators make better use of these complex materials. In addition, the competence center is dedicated to the preservation of multimedia objects, the assignment of DOI and knowledge transfer.
GetInfo online service
TIB operates the GetInfo portal for science and technology with interdisciplinary search capabilities for the other German National Libraries as well as access to more than 150 million data sets from other specialized databases, publishers and library catalogs. The TIB also makes scientific videos of lectures, conferences, computer animations, simulations and experiments available via GetInfo. These video items can be searched free-of-charge and can be downloaded via Flash Player.
The TIB partners with a variety of national and international libraries, institutions and associations.
Goportis library network
The TIB is one of three partners in the Leibniz Library Network for Research Information consortium Goportis, the others being the German National Library of Economics (ZBW) and German National Library of Medicine (ZB MED). This initiative develops and operates online search services, online full-text delivery services, licensing agreements, non-textual materials, document preservation efforts, data storage, and open access.
The TIB is also the scientific information provider for researchers in the newly independent states of the former USSR, including Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and the Ukraine. It also collaborates with numerous organizations in China, Japan and Eastern Europe. Notable institutional partnerships include:
- Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
- DataCite e.V.
- German Physical Society (DPG)
- Library of the Delft University of Technology (TU), Delft, Netherlands
- National Library of Science and Technology, Kiev, Ukraine
- Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), Ohio, United States
- Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia
- Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology (GPNTB), Moscow, Russia
- Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland
As part of the German national research infrastructure, the TIB also conducts its own applied research particularly in the field of information science. In cooperation with a variety of other institutions, these projects focus on the areas of visual searching, data visualization, the Semantic Web, and the Future Internet. Important projects include:
PROBADO is a project to develop of tools for the automatic indexing, storage and delivery of non-textual documents such as 3D models. Its goal is to enable academic libraries to deal with multimedia objects just as easily as with textual information. Tools include searching by intuitive drawing in 2D and 3D and delivery of results while drawing. For this initiative the TIB partnered with the Technical University of Darmstadt, the University of Bonn and the Technical University of Graz. It is funded by the DFG.
Visual access to research data
This project, funded by the Leibniz Association, is a joint effort of the TIB, the GRIS Darmstadt (Interactive Graphics Systems at the Technical University of Darmstadt) and the IGD (Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics). It deals with developing approaches to the interactive, graphical access to research data in order to make it easily represented and searchable. The project is tasked with developing methods for data analysis, visual search systems, metadata-based searching and prototype implementation.
SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) is a global consortium of organizations in high energy physics, physics research centers and leading international libraries. Its goal is to convert essential journals in particle physics that are presently financed by subscriptions into open access journals with the support of the publishers. SCOAP3-DH is funded by the German Research Foundation, working in cooperation with the German Electron Synchrotron (DESY) and the Max Planck Society (MPS).
Other research projects
Additional TIB research projects include:
- arXiv-DH: development the Open Access platform arXiv for German universities and other institutions
- DP4lib: development of a reusable and flexible infrastructure for digital preservation
- Knowledge Exchange: a national initiative in Germany to extend the use of information and communications technology in research and teaching
- KomFor: A Center of Expertise for Earth and Environment research data
- Linked Heritage: Metadata, standards, persistent identification and linked data systems for digital cultural heritage in Europe
- STI Adaptations to Mobile Web Devices: Approaches for enhancing access to STI through mobile devices
- TIB-Transfer: development and implementation of a concept for the commercialization of research results
- ViFaChem II: development of concepts and tools for the Virtual Library of Chemistry II
- German National Library of Economics
- German National Library of Medicine
- List of libraries in Germany
- Profile of the TIB at the University of Hanover, online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
- TIB German Research Reports legal depository online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
- German National Library of Science and Technology - Overview online retrieved 26-May-2012
- DataCite retrieved 25-May-2012
- German National Library of Science and Technology profile in Innovations Report online retrieved 26-May-2012
- Thomas De Petro: "The 'Technische Informationsbibliothek': Germany's National Library for Science, Technology, and Engineering." J. Science & Technology Libraries 15 No. 2, 18 October 1995 (10.1300/J122v15n02_04) pp. 25-33 online abstract retrieved 26-May-2012
- Miriam A. Drake (ed.): Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, First Update Supplement (CRC Press; 2nd edition, 2 June 2005) ISBN 978-0849338946
- TIB Special Collections online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
- "IWF Wissen und Medien". Film Archives Online. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- The TIB – Facets and Facts (Hanover: German National Library of Science and Technology, 2010) PDF online retrieved 26-May-2012
- Verena Hütter: From Manuscripts to 3D: The TIB in Hanover. (Goethe Institute, July 2010) online retrieved 26-May-2010
- Uwe Schindler, Jan Brase, Michael Diepenbroek: "Infrastructure for the Registration of Scientific Primary Data" In: Andreas Rauber, Stavros Christodoulakis, A Min Tjoa (eds): Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries; 9th ECDL European Conference (Vienna: Birkhäuser, 6 Oct 2005) ISBN 978-3540287674
- TIB DOI Registration Agency online retrieved 26-May-2012
- Interdisciplinary Network of Infrastructure Facilities (IVI) at the Leibniz Association online retrieved 26-may-2012.
- TIB Leibniz Open Access Repository online retrieved 25-May-2012
- Leibniz Association at Open Access: www.open-access.net retrieved 26-May-2012
- Q. Ashton Acton: Issues in Information Science Research, 2011 Edition (Atlanta: ScholarlyEditions, 2012) ISBN 978-1464966729 p. 270
- TIB Competence Center for Non-Textual Material online retrieved 26-May-2012
- TIB GetInfo Portal summary online retrieved 26-May-2012
- GetInfo Portal https://getinfo.de/app
- Scientific Films Integrated into GetInfo, TIB News 27 March 2012 online retrieved 26-May-2012
- German National Library of Technology - Partners retrieved 26-May-2012
- PROBADO3D online (German) retrieved 26-May-2012.
- VisInfo: Visual Access to Research Data online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012.
- Towards Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics SCOAP3 Working Committee (Geneva July 3rd 2007) online PDF retrieved 26-May-2012
- SCOAP3-DH Project Summary at TIB online (English) retrieved 26-May-2012.
- SCOAP3-DH Flyer for German Universities and Other Institutions. pdf (German) retrieved 26-May-2012.
- TIB Research Projects summary online retrieved 26-May-2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Technische Informationsbibliothek (Hannover).|
- German National Library of Science and Technology
- German Portal on Technology and the Natural Sciences
- Goportis: Leibniz Library Network for Research Information
- ViFaChem II: The Virtual Library of Chemistry
- SCOAP3-DH: International Consortium for Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics
- Visual Access to Research Data