Geuda Springs, Kansas
|Geuda Springs, Kansas|
|• Total||0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)|
|• Land||0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,112 ft (339 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||184|
|• Density||528.6/sq mi (204.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0470066|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
On the line between Cowley and Sumner counties is a remarkable group of salt springs that flow from 100 to 450 gallons each per hour, that have been known since the earliest settlement of that section. These springs are on a branch of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad, a little to the north of the town of Geuda Springs and about 7 miles (11 km) from Arkansas City. The waters from these springs strongly impregnate the waters in the creeks in the vicinity. A lake formed by the creek near these springs has been greatly enlarged by damming the creek and now covers about 50 acres (200,000 m2), making it the largest body of salt water in the state. Geuda is said to be an Indian word, Ge-u-da, meaning healing springs, and the place must have been a well known stopping place with the Indians. Many improvements were made at the springs during the latter 1880's, including bath-house and hotel, improving the lake, laying out drives, etc. Much of the water has been bottled and shipped to points in Kansas and adjoining states. About 1890 a dam with a flume outlet was built across the salt marsh just north of the springs, which was the means of covering the whole marsh with water and affording excellent boating.
As time went on into the 1900s Geuda Springs slowly dwindled in population. In the 1950s Geuda Springs also had a bar. It was said that slot machines were kept in the bar which also featured dancing and music. A volunteer fire department also exists in Geuda protecting the town and the surrounding area. Main fire protection comes from Arkansas City. In the 1990s, a new community center was built for the community and residents. It is surrounded by homes over 80 years of age and one very old church. Geuda Springs also has a cemetery just northwest of town with tombstones dating back to the 1870s. The Old West gunfighter Luke Short died in Geuda Springs in 1893 of congestive heart failure.
As of the census of 2010, there were 185 people, 77 households, and 47 families residing in the city. The population density was 528.6 inhabitants per square mile (204.1 /km2). There were 88 housing units at an average density of 251.4 per square mile (97.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Pacific Islander, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.
There were 77 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 212 people, 85 households, and 58 families residing in the city. The population density was 476.2 people per square mile (181.9/km²). There were 88 housing units at an average density of 197.7 per square mile (75.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.58% White, 0.47% Native American, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.
There were 85 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 12.7% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,250, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $17,639 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,787. About 14.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- History of Cowley County Kansas; D.A. Millington / E.P. Greer; Winfield Courier; 162 pages; 1901. (Download 16MB PDF eBook)
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
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