Gevork Kotiantz

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Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz
Kotiantz-Gevork-Vartanovich-23w.jpg
Born (1909-11-12)November 12, 1909
Shusha, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire
Died August 28, 1996(1996-08-28) (aged 86)
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nationality Armenian
Known for Painting
Awards Order of the Red Star
Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"
Medal for Battle Merit
Medal "For the Victory Over Germany"
Order of the Patriotic War

Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz (Russian: Гево́рк Варта́нович Котья́нц; November 12, 1909, Shusha, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire – August 28, 1996, Saint Petersburg, Russia ), - Soviet, Russian - Armenian painter, lived and worked in Leningrad, regarded as one of representatives of the Leningrad school of painting.[1]

Biography[edit]

Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz was born November 12, 1909 in Shusha, Elisabethpol Governorate in the family of craftsman jeweler.[2] In the same year his family moved to the North Caucasus in Pyatigorsk.

In 1927-1929 Kotiantz engaged in a private Art studio in Pyatigorsk, independently studied paintings of outstanding artists of the past through books and reproductions, and a lot painted from the life. In 1929 he became a member of the Pyatigorsk branch of the AKhR — Association of Artists of the Revolution (Russian: Ассоциация художников революции, Assotsiatsia Khudozhnikov Revolutsii or AKhR, 1928-1932).

In 1930 for the first time Kotiantz participated in Art exhibition in Pyatigorsk, then in the cities of the North Caucasus Essentuki, Kislovodsk, Mineral Waters.[3]

In 1931-1932 Kotiantz works as an artist at the Museum of the Revolution in Pyatigorsk, where he trying his hand in the genre of historical and revolutionary paintings. Several of his works were purchased by the museum.

Plums. 1974

In 1933 he was sent to study in Leningrad. In 1934-1935 Kotiantz engaged at the Higher Training Courses of Artists where he studied of known painters and art educators Pavel Naumov, Alexander Karev, and Rudolf Frentz. In this time Kotiantz continues to work on historical and revolutionary genre, his painting "Kirov in Baku" was awarded the second prize of the All-Russian Academy of Arts.

In the same years he discovered to himself the art of the French impressionists, which largely changed the direction of his own creative quest. After completing the Higher Training Courses Kotiantz worked in Leningrad City Сommittee of Artists.

In 1936 Kotiantz was called to service in the Red Army, in 1939-1940 he took part as a soldier in the Soviet-Finnish war known as the Winter war of 1939-1940. In 1940 he was demobilized and returned to creative work. In the same year he was admitted to the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists.

From the early days of Great Patriotic war Kotiantz in the Red Army on the Leningrad Front. He fought a signalman in the 23rd Army. He was wounded twice, marked by military awards, including the Order of the Red Star, Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad", Medal for Battle Merit, Medal "For the Victory Over Germany", Order of the Patriotic War. He demobilized in 1945 with the rank of sergeant.

In 1945-1946 Kotiantz taught drawing and painting at the Tavricheskaya Art School in Leningrad. Simultaneously he hard restored his creative skills that were lost during the war. It was during this period that he enjoys the expressive possibilities of color. In 1947 he married Catherine Kostromeeva, who taught French. In 1948 they had a daughter Tatiana.

Since 1948 Kotiantz becomes permanent participant of Art exhibitions, showing his works together with the works of the leading masters of fine arts of Leningrad.[4] He painted still lifes, portraits, genre and historical paintings. In the mid-1950s the leading genre of his art becomes decorative still life, almost unlimited in the author's choice of objects, which allows him infinitely vary in search of harmony of color combinations. A rather conditional forms in his paintings were used to detect color, to forcing him again and again to create coloristic unique picture of the world, though limited of size of a table.

Entirely fascinated by problems of colors, tones, warm and cold relations, Kotiantz not take the trouble to choose original names for his paintings. This will create certain difficulties in the future for the researchers of his art. For example, in 1957 at the Art exhibition in Russian museum he give title "Still Life" for four out of five paintings.[5] The same is true at the Spring Art exhibition in 1954,[6] Autumn Art exhibitions in 1956[7] and 1958 year[8] in the Leningrad Union of Artists. Only later he began to give his compositions more complete title: "Still Life with Lemons"[9] (1969), "Breakfast. Still Life"[10] (1964), "Breakfast" (1963), "A Meat. Still Life"[11] (1965), "Pink Still Life"[12] (1967), "Grapes" (1972) and others.

In the same manner Kotiantz created not as numerous genre scenes and portraits, models which often served as the wife and daughter of the artist. The best of them are characteristic of monumental compositions and exquisite color relationships, allowing the artist deeply the inner content of the image. Among them paintings "Tanya"[13] (1956), "A Girl at the brook"[14] (1958), "Portrait of E. Kostromeeva, a French teacher (the artist's wife)"[15] (1959), "From the village to the City", "Girl with Peaches"[16] (both 1961), "Shopgirl", "Mariners"[17] (both 1970), "Portrait of Tatiana Kotiantz as student"[18] (1971), "Portrait of a teacher"[19] (1971), "Grapes", "Still life" (both 1972), "Green still Life"[20] (1975), "Poppies", "Still Life with a crimson material"[21] (both 1980), and others.

Gevork Kotiantz have had personal exhibitions of painting in Leningrad in 1979, and in Moscow in 1985.[22] In 1990s his paintings successfully participated in exhibitions and auctions of Russian Art in Italy, England, France, Germany,[23] where his work has acquired its admirers.

Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz died on August 28, 1996 in Saint Petersburg at the eighty-seventh year of life. Paintings by Gevork Kotiantz reside in Art museums and private collections in the Russia, France, Armenia, in the U.S., Italy, and other countries.[24][25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.18, 21, 24, 363, 389, 390, 392-400, 402-404, 443, 444.
  2. ^ Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1979. P.3.
  3. ^ Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1979. P.3.
  4. ^ Gevork Vartanovich Kotiantz. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1979. P.4.
  5. ^ 1917 - 1957. Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1957. Exhibition Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1958. P.19.
  6. ^ Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1955. Catalogue. Leningrad, Leningrad Union of Artists, 1956. P.12.
  7. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1956. Exhibition Catalogue. Leningrad, Leningrad Union of Artists Edition, 1958. P.14.
  8. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1958. Exhibition Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1959. P.16.
  9. ^ Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1969. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1970. P.12.
  10. ^ The Leningrad Fine Arts Exhibition. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1965. P.28.
  11. ^ Spring Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1965. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1970. P.18.
  12. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1968. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1971. P.9.
  13. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1956. Exhibition Catalogue. Leningrad, Leningrad Union of Artists Edition, 1958. P.14.
  14. ^ Autumn Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1958. Exhibition Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1959. P.16.
  15. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1960. Exhibition catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1961. P.23.
  16. ^ Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1961. Exhibition catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1964. P.23.
  17. ^ Our Contemporary Exhibition catalogue of works by Leningrad artists of 1971. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1972. P.13.
  18. ^ Our Contemporary The Third Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1973. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1974. P.9.
  19. ^ Our Contemporary The Second Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1972. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1973. P.7.
  20. ^ Our Contemporary regional exhibition of Leningrad artists of 1975. Catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1980. P.17.
  21. ^ Regional Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists of 1980. Exhibition catalogue. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1983. P.15.
  22. ^ Gevork Kotiantz. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. - Moscow: Soviet Artist, 1985.
  23. ^ Saint-Petersbourg - Pont-Audemer. Dessins, Gravures, Sculptures et Tableaux du XX siecle du fonds de L' Union des Artistes de Saint-Petersbourg. Pont-Audemer, 1994. P.99, 104.
  24. ^ Saint-Petersbourg - Pont-Audemer. Dessins, Gravures, Sculptures et Tableaux du XX siecle du fonds de L' Union des Artistes de Saint-Petersbourg. - Pont-Audemer: 1994. - p.99,104.
  25. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.6-7.

Gallery[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]