Gex, Ain

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Gex
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Gex
Coat of arms
Gex is located in France
Gex
Gex
Coordinates: 46°20′00″N 6°03′28″E / 46.3333°N 6.0578°E / 46.3333; 6.0578Coordinates: 46°20′00″N 6°03′28″E / 46.3333°N 6.0578°E / 46.3333; 6.0578
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Gex
Canton Gex
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gérard Paoli
Area
 • Land1 32.02 km2 (12.36 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 9,694
 • Population2 density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01173 / 01170
Elevation 532–1,614 m (1,745–5,295 ft)
(avg. 617 m or 2,024 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gex (French: [ʒɛks]) is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

It lies 5 km (3.1 mi) from the Swiss border and 16 km (9.9 mi) from Geneva. It is a sous-préfecture of Ain.

History[edit]

The town gave its name to the Pays de Gex, at various times under the jurisdiction of France, Switzerland and the Duchy of Savoy.

With the 1815 Protocol of the Conference of Paris, (signed on 20 November) and the Treaty of Paris of the same date, Gex was placed in the Customs region of Switzerland and neutralised. The resolutions regarding the Pays de Gex were annulled by Art 435 of the Treaty of Versailles. In November 1923 France moved its customs office to Gex, and the matter was brought before the Permanent Court of International Justice (predecessor of the International Court of Justice), which decided in favour of Switzerland.[1] A compromise was reached in 1932.

Historically, citizens spoke a dialect of the Franco-Provençal language.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,398 —    
1800 2,415 +0.7%
1806 2,354 −2.5%
1821 2,536 +7.7%
1831 2,834 +11.8%
1836 2,894 +2.1%
1841 2,835 −2.0%
1846 2,785 −1.8%
1851 2,874 +3.2%
1856 2,662 −7.4%
1861 2,602 −2.3%
1866 2,642 +1.5%
1872 2,675 +1.2%
1876 2,719 +1.6%
1881 2,720 +0.0%
1886 2,693 −1.0%
1891 2,659 −1.3%
1896 2,878 +8.2%
1901 2,822 −1.9%
1906 2,727 −3.4%
1911 175 −93.6%
1921 2,030 +1060.0%
1926 2,065 +1.7%
1931 2,048 −0.8%
1936 1,966 −4.0%
1946 1,874 −4.7%
1954 2,041 +8.9%
1962 2,361 +15.7%
1968 3,137 +32.9%
1975 4,296 +36.9%
1982 4,868 +13.3%
1990 6,615 +35.9%
2008 9,694 +46.5%

Economy[edit]

Its principal market for exports is Geneva.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Case of the Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex, Permanent Court of International Justice, Parties: France & Switzerland, August 19th, 1929, Initiated March 29th, 1928

External links[edit]