Ghajini (2005 film)
|Directed by||A. R. Murugadoss|
|Produced by||Salem A. Chandrasekaran|
|Written by||A. R. Murugadoss|
|Based on||Memento by Christopher Nolan|
|Music by||Harris Jayaraj|
|Cinematography||R. D. Rajasekhar|
|Distributed by||Sri Saravanaa Creaations (Tamil Nadu)
Geetha Arts (Andhra Pradesh)
|29 September 2005|
|Budget||70 million (US$1.1 million)|
The film stars Suriya, Asin, Nayantara, Pradeep Rawat and Riyaz Khan. It was dubbed and released in Telugu by Allu Aravind in November 2005, and both versions enjoyed critical and commercial acclaim. It was remade into a Hindi film by Murugadoss again in 2008, starring Aamir Khan with Asin playing the same role.
The film explores the life of a rich businessman who develops anterograde amnesia following a violent encounter in which his love interest was killed. He tries to avenge the killing with the aid of Polaroid Instant camera photographs, permanent tattoos on his body and a medical college student.The film was inspired from Christopher Nolan's Memento and first half of the movie was inspired from British musical comedy film Happy Go Lovely.
The film opens with Chitra (Nayantara), a medical student in a college in Chennai, and her friends working on a project about the human brain. She wants to investigate the curious case of Sanjay Ramaswamy (Suriya), a (former) notable Chennai based businessman, who is reported to have anterograde amnesia. Her professor denies access to Sanjay's records as it is currently under criminal investigation. Chitra, nonetheless, decides to investigate the matter herself.
Sanjay is introduced as he brutally murders a man. He takes a Polaroid picture of the man, and writes on it "done". It is revealed that Sanjay has anterograde amnesia where he loses his memory every 15 minutes. Sanjay uses a system of photographs, notes, and tattoos on his body to recover his memory after each cycle. It is revealed that Sanjay is ultimately out to avenge the death of his sweetheart Kalpana (Asin), and that he is systematically killing the people who were responsible for it. His main target is a man named Lakshman (Pradeep Rawat), a notable social personality in Chennai.
A police inspector (Riyaz Khan), on the case of the serial murders, tracks Sanjay down to his flat and attacks and disables him. The inspector finds two diaries where Sanjay has chronicled the events of 2002 and 2003. The film flashes back to 2002 as the inspector reads the diary. Sanjay Ramaswamy is shown as the owner of the Air Voice mobile telephone company. In the course of his business, Sanjay sends his men to meet Kalpana, a struggling model, about putting up a billboard above her apartment. The owner of Kalpana's advertising firm (Manobala) misinterprets this as a romantic advance, and in view of a possible lucrative Air Voice ad campaign and other benefits, encourages Kalpana to accept the overture. Kalpana thinks of this as an innocent prank that may fetch her better modelling work, and decides to play out the charade as Sanjay's girlfriend. As soon as Sanjay knows of this matter, he decides to confront Kalpana but falls in love with her on first sight. Thus, he introduces himself as Manohar. Eventually both of them hang around together and gradually develop a liking towards each other. The diary ends with Sanjay proposing to Kalpana and promising himself that he will reveal himself as Sanjay Ramaswamy if she accepts.
When the inspector is about to read the 2003 diary, Sanjay returns to senses, attacks him and ties him up. He tracks down Lakshman to a college function where Lakshman is the guest of honour. Sanjay took pictures of Lakshman and decides to kill him. He meets Chitra at the function who, after some conversation, decides to befriend him. Later that evening, Sanjay mistakenly attacks and kills one of Lakshman's goons in the parking lot. Lakshman is perplexed and fails to recollect the incident. However he decides to find and kill his enemies one by one, but Sanjay is not among them.
In the meantime, Chitra visits Sanjay's flat and finds the inspector, beaten and bound. Chitra finds the two diaries and frees the inspector. She also finds that Lakshman is Sanjay's target. The inspector tells her that Sanjay is a known serial murderer. Sanjay arrives suddenly; he remembers neither of them and chases them out. The inspector is eventually hit by a bus, while Chitra barely escapes, going into a phone booth. Believing Lakshman is in danger, she informs him that Sanjay is after him. Lakshman arrives at Sanjay's flat to kill him. He destroys all the photographs, notes and scratches off Sanjay's tattoos. Satisfied that he has neutralised Sanjay by wiping out any trace that connects back to him, Lakshman leaves. Meanwhile, Sanjay finds out that Chitra had warned Lakshman and goes to her dormitory to kill her, but Chitra calls the police and Sanjay is arrested.
Back in her dormitory, Chitra reads the diaries. The film flashes fast to 2002 then back to 2003. It is revealed that Kalpana had accepted Sanjay's proposal. This diary ends abruptly. Chitra investigates further, and discovers that Kalpana was travelling to Mumbai for a modelling assignment by train when she came upon 25 innocent young girls being trafficked to Mumbai. She saves the girls who name Lakshman as the ringleader of the racket. Lakshman kills two girls, who recognised him, and goes in search of Kalpana. His goons break into her apartment and wait for her to return. Sanjay arrives there to meet Kalpana. Her last word to him was 'Po' (Go), a warning for him to leave. The goons attack Kalpana. Sanjay intervenes but Lakshman hits him over the head with an iron rod. Sanjay's last vision was to witness Lakshman brutally murder Kalpana with the iron rod.
Chitra, now aware of the shocking truth, finds Sanjay in the hospital and tells him the truth. He flies into a rage and he tells her to lead him to Lakshman. Meanwhile, Lakshman's twin brother Ram (Pradeep Rawat) arrives from Kolkata to help him pursue Sanjay. Arriving at Lakshman's lair in downtown Chennai, Sanjay confronts all of Lakshman's henchmen and with superior strength, manages to disable them. Finding Lakshman himself, Sanjay fights Lakshman hand-to-hand. However, Lakshman realises that he is no match for Sanjay's strength, so Ram intervenes. As both brothers look alike, Sanjay's memory loss strikes again. Ram, taking advantage of Sanjay's memory loss, beats him mercilessly. Sanjay lies badly wounded on the floor when he sees a vision of Kalpana. With a sudden burst of last minute strength, and with the encouragement of Chitra, Sanjay overpowers both Lakshman and Ram, and kills them both.
The film ends with Sanjay, still experiencing amnesia, driving Chitra back to her dormitory and stopping at a crossing to let young children cross the road. A young girl smiles back at Sanjay indicating the return of normal life.
- Suriya as Sanjay Ramaswamy
- Asin as Kalpana
- Nayantara as Chitra
- Pradeep Rawat as Lakshman and Ram
- Riyaz Khan as the police inspector who is investigating the murders by Sanjay Ramaswamy.
- Manobala as the owner of the advertising firm where Kalpana worked.
- Sathyan as a person whom Kalpana asks to impersonate as Sanjay Ramaswamy for a function.
The film was initially announced as Mirattal in March 2004 to be produced by NIC Arts and to feature Ajith Kumar and Asin in the lead roles, with a photo shoot also being held. Yuvan Shankar Raja was then signed as the music director. However the project fell through and negotiations with Madhavan also collapsed. In November 2004, it was announced that the project was revived by Salem Chandrasekhar and that Suriya would portray the leading role. Suriya subsequently had to tonsure his head for the film before production, with Asin retaining her role while Shriya Saran and Prakash Raj were selected to play other roles in the film. Murugadoss said that he had narrated the script to 12 actors but none of them agreed, Surya was the 13th actor. It was revealed that Asin would play the role of Kalpana, with the name being inspired by the late Indian astronaut Kalpana Chawla. Shriya was later replaced by Nayantara for the second leading female role, after the former became busy with other films and Pradeep Rawat replaced Prakash Raj. For the character of rich tycoon, Suriya has closely observed the garment exporter, Tagore Bakshani.
The film was launched on 11 February 2005 at AVM Studios in Chennai with the cast of the project in attendance. In early April 2005, two songs for the film were shot in Switzerland with costumes brought in from Paris for the shooting. Shooting continued and the film finished production in July 2005.
Themes and influences
Ghajini was inspired by the American film Memento, which itself was adapted from the short story Memento Mori. In response to allegations of plagiarism, Aamir Khan noted "Murgadoss had heard about a film called Memento and the concept had really fascinated him. Without having seen the film he went ahead and wrote his own version of the script and screenplay. Having finished his script, he then saw Memento, found it very different from what he had written, and went ahead and made Ghajini." Malathi Rangarajan of The Hindu stated that: "Those who have watched Memento, will not miss the similarities between the English flick and Ghajini. Yet Murugadas's ingenuity lies in adapting the inspiration to suit the taste of the audience".
|Soundtrack album by Harris Jayaraj|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
|Harris Jayaraj chronology|
The soundtrack features five songs composed by Harris Jayaraj. Lyrics are written by Vaali, Na. Muthukumar, Thamarai & Kapilan for the Tamil version where as for the Telugu version were written by Veturi Sundararama Murthy, Bhuvana Chandra, Chandrabose and Vennelakanti. Upon release, the albums received highly positive reviews from music critics and all songs from the soundtrack topped the music charts. Due to its immense popularity, Harris Jayaraj received his third Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director and was nominated for the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director. Regarding the song "Suttum Vizhi", Harris said that when Murugadoss narrated him the situation in which the hero is full of admiration for the heroine's attitude and compassion and he dreams of her. Initially, he thought of a peppy song but after hours of discussion, he decided on a melodious tune.
|No||Song title||Singers||Length (m:ss)||Lyrics|
|2||"Suttum Vizhi"||Sriram Parthasarathy, Bombay Jayashree||5:19||Na. Muthukumar|
|4||"Rangola Ola"||Shankar Mahadevan, Sujatha, Ranjith, Suchitra||4:26||Kapilan|
|5||"X Machi"||Mathangi, Nakul||4:12||Vaali|
|No||Song title||Singers||Length (m:ss)||Lyrics|
|1||"Oka Maaru Kalasina"||Karthik||5:54||Veturi Sundararama Murthy|
|2||"Hrudayam Ekkadunnadi"||Harish Raghavendra, Bombay Jayashree||5:19||Vennelakanti|
|4||"Rangola Ola"||Tippu, Sujatha, Ranjith, Suchitra||4:26||Veturi Sundararama Murthy|
|5||"X Pichi Y Pichi"||Mathangi, Nakul||4:12||Chandrabose|
The film received positive reviews from critics. Sify wrote: "Full marks to the director and Surya for coming out with one of the best edge-of-the-seat racy thriller seen in recent times. Ghajini is recommended for those who seek extra strong, stylish, over-the-top entertainment" and also wrote that ", it is an action film with plenty of intense, dark and suspenseful filled moments". Indiaglitz stated that: "Director Murugadoss has made bold with an absolutely new idea and to his eternal credit makes it work with finesse and flashiness" and also wrote that "it is an impressive story told in an inventive manner".
The film along with a dubbed Telugu release opened to high critical acclaim. Both versions were declared blockbusters. Ghajini became the third highest grossing Tamil film of that year. Ghajini was declared a blockbuster at the close of the year and, together with Chandramukhi and Anniyan, earned three times than the total cost.
Telugu version was also successful at box office. The film did better business than straight Telugu films. The film's success earned Suriya a fan following in Andhra. It also prompted producers in the Telugu film industry, to acquire the dubbing rights to Suriya's Tamil films and release them in Telugu.
Awards and nominations
In addition to the following list of awards and nominations, prominent Indian film websites named Ghajini one of the 10 best Tamil films of 2005, with Rediff, Sify and Behindwoods all doing such that. The film also featured, prior to release, in "most awaited" list from film websites.
|2005 Filmfare Awards South||Best Actor||Surya Sivakumar||Nominated|
|Best Director||A. R. Murugadoss||Nominated|
|Best Film||Salem A. Chandrasekaran||Nominated|
|Best Male Playback||Sriram Parthasarathy
|Best Male Playback||Karthik
|Best Female Playback||Bombay Jayashree
|Best Music Director||Harris Jayaraj||Nominated|
|Best Cinematographer||R. D. Rajasekhar||Nominated|
|Best Editor Award||Anthony||Won|
|2005 Tamil Nadu State Film Awards||Best Film||Ghajini||Won|
|Special Award for Best Actor||Surya Sivakumar||Won|
|Best Music Director||Harris Jayaraj||Won|
|Best Male Playback||Sriram Parthasarathy
|Best Female Playback||Bombay Jayashree
|Best Cinematographer||R. D. Rajasekhar||Won|
|Best Lyricist||Na. Muthukumar
|Best Audiographer||A. S. Laxmi Narayanan||Won|
Aamir Khan who saw the original film decided to remake the film in Hindi. Murugadoss again directed the Hindi version. Asin reprised her character and the film marked her debut in Bollywood. The climax in Hindi version was slightly altered with Murugadoss revealing that Aamir rewrote the climax portions. The remake version was released in 2008 to positive reviews and became a successful film at the box office. Munirathna announced that he would remake the film in Kannada with Upendra, Divya Spandana. However the remake failed to materialise instead Telugu film Manmadhudu was remade and the few scenes were borrowed from Ghajini.
The film's success established Suriya as an action hero and Asin as leading actress. Asin said that Kalpana in Ghajini "was a life-time role for me". Nayantara who appeared in a secondary character told that appearing in Ghajini was a big mistake and the "worst decision" she ever took.
In Popular Culture
In a comedy scene from Kovai Brothers (2006), Sathyaraj parodies Surya's bald look from Ghajini to impress Namitha. In Shiva starrer Thamizh Padam (2010) Siva (Shiva) remembers that he has to kill Swarna when he looks at a Polaroid photo of her.
In the Telugu film Dubai Seenu (2007), Seenu (Ravi Teja) plays a prank on inspector (Sayaji Shinde) by calling every women and singing "Oka Maaru" (Oru Maalai) and also getting him beaten black and blue. In Pokkiri (2007), Body Soda (Vadivelu) imagines himself dancing for the song "Suttum Vizhi" with Sruthi (Asin). In the 2014 Kannada film Kwatle Satisha, a remake of Tamil film Naduvula Konjam Pakkatha Kaanom (2012), the first look poster featured the film's actor Sathish Ninasam in the look inspired from Ghajini.
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