Ghana national football team

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Ghana
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Black Stars
Association Ghana Football Association (GFA)
Sub-confederation WAFU (West Africa)
Confederation CAF (Africa)
Head coach Akwasi Appiah
Asst coach Maxwell Konadu
Captain Asamoah Gyan[1]
Vice-captain André Ayew[2]
Top scorer Edward Acquah
Kwasi Owusu (40)
FIFA code GHA
FIFA ranking 38 Decrease - 3
Highest FIFA ranking 14 (February, April, May 2008)
Lowest FIFA ranking 89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking 32[3] Increase + 1
Highest Elo ranking 14 (30 June 1966)
Lowest Elo ranking 97 (14 June 2004)
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Gold Coast 1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Kenya 2–13 Ghana Ghana
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[4]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana Ghana
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)[5]
World Cup
Appearances 3 (First in 2006)
Best result Quarter-finals: 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances 19 (First in 1963)
Best result Winners: 1963, 1965,
1978, 1982

The Ghana national football team (Akan: Gaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim), popularly nicknamed as the Black Stars (Akan: Nsoroma Tuntum) has represented the Republic of Ghana in association football since the 1950s. Black Stars is administered by the Ghana Football Association (GFA), the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Although the team did not qualify for the senior FIFA World Cup until 2006, they had qualified for five straight Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[6] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up 4 times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, and 2010). At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals.

After going through 2005 unbeaten, Ghana national football team won the FIFA most improved team of the year award and they reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

History[edit]

Chronicles and rebirth[edit]

Black Stars (Ghana national football team) members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920 then succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, and was affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[7]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and Black Stars won successive Africa Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–0 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[8] The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the olympic games football tournaments, reaching the quarter finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 and but making little progress in continent-wide competitions until 1991. The 1992 African Cup of Nations, after three failures to reach the final tournament, saw Black Stars finish second, after a Ivory Coast win on penalty shootout in the final.

Continuum[edit]

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and USA (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they succumbed to a 3–0 defeat by Brazil.[9]

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA World Rankings. Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the last 16 where they played the USA, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[10]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[11]

Ghana were sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second Round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[12][12] Ghana were drawn in group G for the finals, where they will face Germany, Portugal, and United States[13]

Team image[edit]

Grounds and training grounds[edit]

Lizzy Sports Complex

There is no home stadium for Black Stars (Ghana national football team). World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Essipong Stadium and Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[14]

Media coverage[edit]

The Ghanaian nationals are 98% English-speakers, and about 83% are Akan-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Viasat 1; and during the scheduled qualification for World Cup 2014 national broadcaster GTV sub-division of Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) broadcast to the Ghana public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1, in which the exhibition match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GBC and Viasat 1.[15]

Kit and team crest[edit]

Ghana home shirt: 1970s-1980s
Ghana home kit 2008.svg
Ghana away kit 2008.svg
Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits

The Ghana national football team (The Black Stars) are currently sporting in an all-white and partly black football kit instead of a kit that coordinates in colours of the Ghana national flag, as in the team's crest and in general, Pan-African colours. The Black Stars 1st kit colour choice has been all-white from the years 1950 to 1989, and an introduction of a 2nd kit colour to coordinate with the national flag of Ghana was worn from the years 1990 to 2006 designed with the national colours gold with red and green visibly decorated on its kits. The kit design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with vertical stripes gold-green and red shoulders with introduction of an all black 3rd kit in 2008 aligning the team's symbol of continuity; Black Star and in 2014, Black Stars' all black coloured kit is to be re-assigned to the position of 3rd kit following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[16][17] The Black Stars 1st kit was reconstructed to an all-white and partly black colored kit, at the beginning of the 21st century.

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the center of the primordial national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits.[8] The national kit has been sponsored by Puma SE since 2005, with a deal continuing to 2014.[18]

Organization and finance[edit]

Black Stars is headed by president of the Ghana Football Association Kwesi Nyantakyi, and vice-president Fred Crentsil, with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[19] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million ($15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars players salary wage bill,[20][21] following the gold mining corporations; Ashanti Goldfields Corporation, Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which has been sponsoring Black Stars since 2005.[22]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched its TV Channel and TV programmed called GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the Africa continent to launch its own TV programme and TV network which has the exclusive rights and television rights to the broadcasting of all the Black Stars' matches.[23] In November 2013, Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorhip deal with 100% wholly owned Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[24]

Supporters[edit]

Black Stars maintains an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and an average stadium match attendance high of 80,000+ such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[25] Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[26] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[26]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[27]

Rivalries[edit]

Black Stars' (Ghana national football team's) main footballing rivalry is with Super Eagles (Nigeria national football team); the "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African continent.[28] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and a non-sporting dispute between Ghana and Nigeria in which Ghana battles Nigeria in contention for the supremacy of the whole of West Africa zone and for the more territorial domain of Sub-Saharan Africa add to this rivalry.[28]

In books and popular culture[edit]

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focussed on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: have been published on the team's participation in major tournaments. Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[29] about the history and performance of Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that Black Stars has ever played against: ‘The Black Stars of Ghana’ by Alan Whelan;[30] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals: ‘The Principles of Modern Soccer Coaching’ by Ben Koufie,[31] about the association football tactics and skills and principles involved in winning association football matches by Ghanaian FIFA and CAF executive Ben Koufie.[32]
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Personnel[edit]

Current technical staff[edit]

Head Coach James Kwesi Appiah
Assistant Coach Maxwell Konadu
Goalkeeping Coaches Joe Carr
Simon Addo
Technical Coordinator Francis Oti Akenteng
Head Scout Otto Addo
Head Masseur Samuel Ankomah
Head Physiotherapist Colonel Ofosu Anim
Head Psychologist Prof. Dr. Patrick Ofori
Head Doctor Prof. Dr. Adam Baba
Equipment Manager Ismail Amidu
Other backroom staff Anthony Baffoe
Ozwald Boateng

Last updated: February 2014
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Former Head coaches[edit]

Since 1957 Ghana have had thirty-two different head coaches and three caretakers. C.K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles - in 1963, 1965 and 1982 - making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[38] Fred Osam Duodu led Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[39] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and current coach, James Kwesi Appiah, have all led Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[40][41]

Squad[edit]

Black Stars squad members line-up before a FIFA World Cup Qualification match.

Current squad[edit]

Match Date:
5 March 2014
Opposition:
 Montenegro
Competition:
International friendly
Caps and goals correct as of:
5 March 2014, including the match against  Montenegro

Squad Selection Criteria

In international football, players can normally only play for one national team once they play in all or part of any match recognised as a full international by FIFA. Based on current FIFA rules, a player will be eligible to play for Black Stars, strictly if both of the following statements apply:[42]

  • The player must be a holder of a Ghanaian passport.
  • Both of the player's parents must be holders of a Ghanaian passport.
0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
12 1GK Adam Kwarasey (1987-12-12) 12 December 1987 (age 26) 20 0 Norway Strømsgodset
1 1GK Steven Adams (1989-09-28) 28 September 1989 (age 24) 6 0 Ghana Aduana Stars
2 2DF Samuel Inkoom (1989-06-01) 1 June 1989 (age 24) 45 1 Greece Platanias
23 2DF Harrison Afful (1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 (age 27) 39 0 Tunisia Espérance
21 2DF John Boye (1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 (age 26) 29 3 France Rennes
19 2DF Jonathan Mensah (1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 (age 23) 25 1 France Évian
4 2DF Daniel Opare (1990-10-18) 18 October 1990 (age 23) 16 0 Belgium Standard Liège
14 2DF Jerry Akaminko (1988-05-02) 2 May 1988 (age 25) 8 1 Turkey Eskişehirspor
6 2DF David Addy (1990-02-21) 21 February 1990 (age 24) 8 0 Portugal Vitória Guimarães
11 3MF Sulley Muntari (1984-08-27) 27 August 1984 (age 29) 81 20 Italy Milan
20 3MF Kwadwo Asamoah (1988-12-09) 9 December 1988 (age 25) 60 4 Italy Juventus
5 3MF Michael Essien (1982-12-03) 3 December 1982 (age 31) 56 9 Italy Milan
8 3MF Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu (1990-12-02) 2 December 1990 (age 23) 48 7 Italy Udinese
10 3MF André Ayew (1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 (age 24) 47 4 France Marseille
7 3MF Christian Atsu (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 22) 21 4 Netherlands Vitesse
22 3MF Wakaso Mubarak (1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 (age 23) 16 7 Russia Rubin Kazan
17 3MF Albert Adomah (1987-12-13) 13 December 1987 (age 26) 13 1 England Middlesbrough
9 3MF Kevin-Prince Boateng (1987-03-06) 6 March 1987 (age 27) 11 2 Germany Schalke 04
3 4FW Asamoah Gyan (1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 (age 28) 78 39 United Arab Emirates Al-Ain
18 4FW Majeed Waris (1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 (age 22) 11 3 France Valenciennes
13 4FW Prince Tagoe (1986-11-09) 9 November 1986 (age 27) 36 7 Malaysia Kelantan FA

Recent callups[edit]

The following players have been called up for the Ghana squad in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Isaac Amoako (1983-08-12) 12 August 1983 (age 30) 0 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
GK Adade Foli (1991-05-12) 12 May 1991 (age 22) 0 0 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
GK Fatau Dauda (1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 (age 29) 17 0 South Africa Orlando Pirates v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GK Daniel Agyei (1989-11-10) 10 November 1989 (age 24) 5 0 South Africa Free State Stars v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
GK Richard Kingson (1978-06-13) 13 June 1978 (age 35) 90 1 Turkey Balıkesirspor v.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
GK Brimah Razak (1987-06-22) 22 June 1987 (age 26) 2 0 Spain Córdoba B v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
DF Tijani Joshua (1988-10-22) 22 October 1988 (age 25) 6 0 Ghana Ashanti Gold 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Nuru Sulley (1992-06-11) 11 June 1992 (age 21) 6 0 Ghana Hearts of Oak 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Kwabena Adusei (1987-06-03) 3 June 1987 (age 26) 5 2 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Abeiku Ainooson (1990-09-24) 24 September 1990 (age 23) 3 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Godfred Saka (1988-11-02) 2 November 1988 (age 25) 3 0 Ghana Aduana Stars 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Francis Morton (1992-11-05) 5 November 1992 (age 21) 1 0 Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Alfred Nelson (1992-08-18) 18 August 1992 (age 21) 1 0 Ghana Liberty Professionals 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Joshua Otto (1990-04-06) 6 April 1990 (age 24) 0 0 Ghana Wa All Stars 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
DF Rashid Sumaila (1992-12-18) 18 December 1992 (age 21) 5 0 South Africa Mamelodi Sundowns v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DF Mohamed Awal (1988-05-01) 1 May 1988 (age 25) 2 0 South Africa Maritzburg United v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DF Edwin Gyimah (1991-03-09) 9 March 1991 (age 23) 1 0 South Africa SuperSport United v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
DF Richard Kissi Boateng (1988-11-25) 25 November 1988 (age 25) 2 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembe v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
DF Baba Rahman (1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 (age 19) 0 0 Germany Greuther Fürth v.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
MF Michael Akuffu (1985-12-18) 18 December 1985 (age 28) 6 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Jordan Opoku (1987-10-08) 8 October 1987 (age 26) 6 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Theophilus Annorbaah (1987-09-17) 17 September 1987 (age 26) 5 1 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Yahaya Mohamed (1988-02-17) 17 February 1988 (age 26) 5 1 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Richard Mpong (1990-07-04) 4 July 1990 (age 23) 5 1 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Latif Mohammed (1993-01-22) 22 January 1993 (age 21) 5 0 Ghana Ashanti Gold 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Asiedu Attobrah (1995-03-15) 15 March 1995 (age 19) 3 0 Ghana New Edubiase United 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Jackson Owusu (1988-10-15) 15 October 1988 (age 25) 3 0 Ghana Berekum Chelsea 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Edmund Owusu-Ansah (1983-04-02) 2 April 1983 (age 31) 2 0 Ghana Heart of Lions 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
MF Moro Abubakar (1991-08-17) 17 August 1991 (age 22) 0 0 Ghana Hearts of Oak 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
MF Emmanuel Frimpong (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 22) 1 0 England Barnsley v.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
MF Mohammed Rabiu (1989-12-31) 31 December 1989 (age 24) 15 0 Russia Kuban Krasnodar v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MF Solomon Asante (1990-09-15) 15 September 1990 (age 23) 14 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembe v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MF Yussif Chibsah (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 21) 1 0 Italy Sassuolo v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
MF Isaac Cofie (1991-04-05) 5 April 1991 (age 23) 1 0 Italy Genoa v.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
FW Seidu Bancey (1990-05-15) 15 May 1990 (age 23) 4 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Sulley Mohammed (1995-12-07) 7 December 1995 (age 18) 4 0 Ghana King Faisal Babes 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Kennedy Boateng (1989-11-30) 30 November 1989 (age 24) 2 0 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Paul de Vries (1996-03-03) 3 March 1996 (age 18) 2 0 Ghana Wa All Stars 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Samuel Afful (1995-12-02) 2 December 1995 (age 18) 1 0 Ghana Sekondi Hasaacas 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Richard Gadze (1995-04-01) 1 April 1995 (age 19) 0 0 Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
FW Dominic Adiyiah (1989-11-29) 29 November 1989 (age 24) 20 4 Unattached v.  Egypt, 19 November 2013
FW Mahatma Otoo (1992-02-06) 6 February 1992 (age 22) 3 0 Norway Sogndal v.  Egypt, 15 October 2013
FW Frank Acheampong (1993-10-16) 16 October 1993 (age 20) 2 1 Belgium Anderlecht v.  Japan, 10 September 2013
FW Richmond Boakye (1993-01-28) 28 January 1993 (age 21) 7 2 Spain Elche v.  Lesotho, 16 June 2013
Notes
  • INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
  • WD Player withdrew from the squad due to a personal reason.

Youth teams[edit]

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.

Under-23[edit]

The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, football at the All-Africa games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[43] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[43]

Under-20[edit]

The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship three times: in 1995, 1999 and 2009, as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.

Under-17[edit]

The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[44] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Competitive records[edit]

Africa Cup of Nations record[edit]

Africa Cup of Nations
Titles: 4
Appearances: 19
Year Position Year Position Year Position
Sudan 1957 Did not enter Ghana 1978 Champions Burkina Faso 1998 Round 1
Egypt 1959 Did not enter Nigeria 1980 Round 1 GhanaNigeria 2000 Quarter-finals
Ethiopia 1962 Did not qualify Libya 1982 Champions Mali 2002 Quarter-finals
Ghana 1963 Champions Ivory Coast 1984 Round 1 Tunisia 2004 Did not qualify
Tunisia 1965 Champions Egypt 1986 Did not qualify Egypt 2006 Round 1
Ethiopia 1968 Second Place Morocco 1988 Did not qualify Ghana 2008 Third Place
Sudan 1970 Second Place Algeria 1990 Did not qualify Angola 2010 Second Place
Cameroon 1972 Did not qualify Senegal 1992 Second Place* GabonEquatorial Guinea 2012 Fourth Place
Egypt 1974 Did not qualify Tunisia 1994 Quarter-finals South Africa 2013 Fourth Place
Ethiopia 1976 Did not qualify South Africa 1996 Fourth Place Morocco 2015 TBD
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship record[edit]

Ghana has competed in all three African Nations Championship tournaments held to date, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 2009 Runner-up 2nd 5 1 3 1 8 6 Team
Sudan Sudan 2011 Round 1 14th 3 0 0 3 1 4 Team
South Africa South Africa 2014 Runner-up 2nd 6 3 3 0 4 1 Team
Rwanda Rwanda 2016 To be determined
Total 3/3 4th 14 4 6 4 13 11 3

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup record[edit]

Olympic record[edit]

Bernard Aryee former Black Stars Central Midfielder and part of the Bronze Medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football.
Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Greece Athens 1896 No association football competition
France Paris 1900 In 1900 and 1904 Olympics competed for clubs
United States St. Louis 1904
United Kingdom London 1908 Gold Coast national football did not participate
Sweden Stockholm 1912
Belgium Antwerp 1920
France Paris 1924
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928
United States Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936 Gold Coast national football did not participate
United Kingdom London 1948
Finland Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
Australia Melbourne 1956
Italy Rome 1960 Did not qualify
Japan Tokyo 1964 Quarter-Final 7th 4 1 1 2 7 12
Mexico Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th 3 0 2 1 6 8
Germany Munich 1972 Round 1 16th 3 0 0 3 1 11
Canada Montreal 1976 Round 1 (Did not participate)
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Did not qualify
United States Los Angeles 1984
South Korea Seoul 1988
Spain Barcelona 1992 Since 1992 the competition has been competed by U-23 [n]
Total 6/22 24th 10 1 3 6 14 31
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

World Cup record[edit]

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Ghana were the only African side to advance to the second round of the FIFA World Cup in Germany and were the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[46] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the FIFA World Cup 2006 with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[46] and were praised for their improving performance.[47][48] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[49]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the the World Cup in South-Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[50] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[51]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[52] They were drawn in group G with Germany, USA and Portugal.[53]

Ghana vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010
FIFA World Cup Record
FIFA World Cup Record GP W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals 9 4 2 3 9 10 −1
World Cup Quals (H) 34 24 8 2 78 19 +59
World Cup Quals (A) 33 9 8 16 37 42 −5
World Cup Total 76 37 18 21 124 71 +53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1962 Did not qualify
1966 Withdrew
1970 to 1978 Did not qualify
1982 Withdrew
1986 to 2002 Did not qualify
Germany 2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
South Africa 2010 Quarter-Final 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
Brazil 2014 Qualified
Russia 2018 To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total 2/13 9 4 2 3 9 10

Team honours[edit]

Last updated 1 February 2014

Continental tournaments[edit]

Winners (4): 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
Runners-up (4): 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010
Runners-up (2): 2009, 2014
Third place (1): 1978

Continental Subregion[edit]

Winners (4): 1953, 1955, 1957, 1959
Runners-up (4): 1951, 1954, 1956, 1958
Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
Winners (5): 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
Third place (1): 1991
Winner (1): 2013
Third place (1): 2010

Other Tournaments and Cups[edit]

  • Uganda Independence Tournament 1962[57]
Winner: 1962
  • Independence Cup 1964 (Zambia)[58]
Winner: 1964
Runners up: 1982
  • Addis Abeba 25th Anniversary Tournament 1983[60]
Winner: 1983
  • Burkina Faso Tournoi Amical[61]
Winner: 1984
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[62]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[63]
Third: 1993
  • Egypt Tournament 1994[64]
Winner: 1994
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[65]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003
  • Four Nation Tournament[67]
Winner: 2007
  • Liberian Independence Anniversary Tournament 2010[68]
Winner: 2010

Other Awards[edit]

Team schedule and results[edit]

These are Black Stars' forthcoming 2014 African Nations Championship, 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualification, International Friendly, and 2014 World Cup – group g matches
Key
      Win
      Draw
      Loss

For the 2013 Black Stars schedule and results, see Ghana national football team 2013

Former players[edit]

Abedi Ayew Pele, three-times winner of the African Footballer of the Year award.[69]
See Ghana international footballers for all Ghanaian internationals with a Wikipedia article.

Ghanaian international Abedi Ayew Pele was named African Footballer of the Year three times, in 1991, 1992 and 1993, a number only bettered by Samuel Eto'o.[70][71] He was also included in the CAF Golden Jubilee Best Players Poll, CAF Best Footballer of the Century and FIFA 100 lists.[69]

Ibrahim Sunday, in 1971, and Karim Abdul Razak, in 1978, are also winners of the African Footballer of the Year award, and Razak, Anthony Yeboah, Samuel Kuffour, and Michael Essien were included CAF Golden Jubilee Best Players Poll along with Abedi Pele.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Andre Ayew congratulates new Ghana captain Gyan". mtnfootball.com. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ayew: A dream to captain Black Stars". kickoff.com. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "World Football Elo Ratings" (Press release). World Football Elo Ratings. 4 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Kenya International Matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  5. ^ "MATCH: 02.10.1968 Ghana – Bulgaria 0:10". eu-football.info. 2 October 1968. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "African Football: The early years". bbc.co.uk (British Broadcasting Corporation). 16 January 2004. Retrieved 16 January 2004. 
  7. ^ "International Friendlies of Real Madrid CF 1960–1979". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "World Cup 2010: Ghana ready to fulfil their destiny". theguardian.com (The Guardian). 30 June 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Joshua Ansah (13 April 2013). "Where is Ghana’s 2006 World Cup squad – Part 2". goal.com. Goal.com. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Paul Wilson (2 July 2013). "World Cup 2010: Uruguay make Gyan and Ghana pay the penalty". theguardian.com (The Guardian). Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ghana equal Nations Cup record with Cape Verde win". mtnfootball.com (MTN Group). 3 February 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Egypt 2–1 Ghana (Agg 3–7): Zaki and Gedo strike but Black Stars win through". goal.com. Goal.com. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Final Draw". fifa.com. FIFA. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Ghana's senior men's national team prepare for World Cup qualifier". ghanafa.org. 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "GTV Sports+ to telecast live premier league matches". liquidsportsghana.com. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Black Stars 3rd Kit". ghanasoccernet.com. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  17. ^ "Black Stars To Play State Envoy In Friendly This Afternoon". ghanasoccernet.com. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "FA extends Puma deal to 2014". ghanafa.org. Ghana Football Association (GFA). 23 January 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Kwesi Nyantakyi clinches top Caf post". thechronicle.com.gh (The Ghanaian Chronicle). Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  20. ^ "GNPC hails Black Stars". myjoyonline.com. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "GNPC hails Black Stars". ghana.gov.gh. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "Ghana Football Association signs 15-million US dollar sponsorship deal with Oil Company". news.xinhuanet.com (Xinhua News Agency). Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  23. ^ "Ghana Football Association launches GFA TV". allsports.com.gh. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  24. ^ Alex Osei-Boateng. "Ghana's national team gets sponsorship". news.xinhuanet.com (Xinhua News Agency). Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Ghana 1 – 1 Uruguay (1:1 a.e.t. (1:1, 0:1) 4:2 PSO)". FIFA. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  26. ^ a b K.N.S Mensah (14 March 2012). "Tickets For Ghana And England Maiden International Friendly Sold Out". goal.com (Goal.com). Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  27. ^ "Ghana gives Black Stars heroes' welcome after World Cup". BBC News. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  28. ^ a b "Rivals herald African awakening (Ghana vs Nigeria)". fifa.com. FIFA. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  29. ^ Bonna, Okyere (2008). Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!. Bloomington, Indiana, United States: AuthorHouse. 
  30. ^ Whelan, Alan (2012). ‘The Black Stars of Ghana’ by Alan Whelan. Inkstand Press. ISBN 978-09572248-03. 
  31. ^ Koufie, Ben (2013). The Principles of Modern Soccer Coaching. Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana: Sam Woode Limited. 
  32. ^ "Ben Koufie Launches, ‘Principles of Modern Soccer Coaching'". xfmnewscenter.com. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "Kwame Nkrumah's Vision of Africa". BBC World Service. 14 September 2000. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  34. ^ a b "Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars (2010)". footysphere.com. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  35. ^ "Ghana’s Black Stars football team to debut new celebration dance at AFCON 2013". missgo2girl.com. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  36. ^ "Black Stars victory song launched". modernghana.com. 2 October 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  37. ^ "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)". jazika.com. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  38. ^ "C.K. Gyamfi picks CAF award". ghanafa.org. Ghana Football Association (GFA). 2 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  39. ^ Frreman Yeboah, Thomas (2 December 2013). "Reminiscences! 50 years after Ghana’s first ever African Cup of Nations triumph". graphic.com.gh. Daily Graphic. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  40. ^ "Appiah becomes 41st coach of the Black Stars". ghanafa.org. Ghana Football Association (GFA). 17 April 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  41. ^ a b Anaman, Fiifi (17 October 2013). "Kwesi Appiah challenges his former bosses statistically". allsports.com.gh. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  42. ^ Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players. fifa.com. FIFA. 17 September 2013.
  43. ^ a b "FIFA.com olympic football tournament". Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  44. ^ "Starlets '91' squad to be immortalized". modernghana.com. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  45. ^ BBC News (25 September 2001). "Nations Cup trophy revealed". BBC. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 
  46. ^ a b "Ghana 2–1 USA". BBC. 22 June 2006. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  47. ^ "Rehhagel: Africa is catching up". fifa.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)). 
  48. ^ "Black Stars Ascend To Glory". fifa.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)). 
  49. ^ "Amazing Black Stars Set Eyes on Brazil 2014". myradiogoldlive.com. 
  50. ^ Fletcher, Paul. "Uruguay 1–1 Ghana (4–2 pens)". BBC Sport. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  51. ^ "Ghana records best World Cup ranking". ghanafa.org (Ghana Football Association (GFA)). 13 July 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  52. ^ "Ghana qualify, Egypt go down fighting". fifa.com (FIFA). 19 November 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  53. ^ "Final Draw reveals intriguing groups". fifa.com (FIFA). 6 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  54. ^ Jalco Cup 1951–1959. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  55. ^ a b Azikiwe Cup 1961–1967. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  56. ^ Dr Kwame Nkrumah Gold Cup - West African Soccer Federation championship. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  57. ^ Uganda Independence Tournament 1962. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  58. ^ Independence Cup 1964 (Zambia). RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  59. ^ Merdeka Tournament 1982 (Malaysia). RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  60. ^ Addis Abeba 25th Anniversary Tournament 1983. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  61. ^ Burkina Faso Tournoi Amical 1984. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  62. ^ Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  63. ^ Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon). RSSSF. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  64. ^ Egypt Tournament 1994. RSSSF. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  65. ^ Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya). RSSSF. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  66. ^ LG Cup Four Nations Tournament (Nigeria) 2003. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  67. ^ Four Nation Tournament (Ghana) 2007. RSSSF. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  68. ^ Liberian Independence Anniversary Tournament 2010. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  69. ^ a b "Ghana's brightest Black Star". FIFA. International Federation of Association Football. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  70. ^ "Africa - Player of the Century". RSSSF. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 20 December 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  71. ^ "Africa's Best Player of the Century". IFFHS. International Federation of Football History & Statistics. 20 December 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  72. ^ "CAF release 30 best African players in the last 50 years". CAF. Confederation of African Football. 11 August 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
Footnotes
  1. ^ According to the "three points for a win" standard.

Titles chronology[edit]

Last updated 28 November 2013

Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 DR Congo 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent

External links[edit]