Ghana national football team
Black Stars of Africa
|Association||Ghana Football Association|
|Sub-confederation||WAFU (West Africa)|
|Head coach||Akwasi Appiah|
|Asst coach||Maxwell Konadu|
|Top scorer||Edward Acquah & Kwasi Owusu (40)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||14 (February, April, May 2008)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||89 (June 2004)|
|Highest Elo ranking||14 (30 June 1966)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||97 (14 June 2004)|
| Gold Coast 1–0 Nigeria
(Accra, Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
| Kenya 0–13 Ghana
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)
| Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)
|Appearances||3 (First in 2006)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals; 2010|
|Africa Cup of Nations|
|Appearances||19 (First in 1963)|
|Best result||Winners: 1963, 1965,
The Ghana national football team (Akan: Gaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim), popularly known as the Black Stars (Akan: Nsoroma Tuntum) has represented Ghana in association football since the 1950s. Black Stars is administered by the Ghana Football Association (GFA), the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in geographic Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.
Although the team did not qualify for the senior FIFA World Cup until 2006, they had qualified for five straight Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runners up 4 times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, and 2010). In 1992, the Ghana Olympic football team became the first African football team to win a medal at the Olympics finishing third.
After going through 2005 unbeaten, Ghana national football team won the FIFA most improved team of the year award and they reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became the third African team in history to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. Black Stars is on aggregate one of the top 10 teams in the world at the last two FIFA World Cup's (2006 and 2010), a feat not achieved by a team outside of Europe and South America over a similar length of time historically.
Black Stars in 2013 became the only African side to qualify for at least the semi-final of the CAF African Cup four times in a row twice; this occurred between 1963 and 1970 and between 2008 and 2013.
- 1 History
- 2 Grounds and training grounds
- 3 Media coverage
- 4 Kit and team crest
- 5 Personnel
- 6 Squad
- 7 Ex-Black Stars players
- 8 Competitive statistics
- 9 Team honours
- 10 Team schedules and results
- 11 Supporters and popularity
- 12 Rivalries
- 13 In books and popular culture
- 14 Organization and finance
- 15 FIFA World Ranking history
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 Titles chronology
- 19 External links
Chronicles and rebirth
The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920 then succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, and was affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.
On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.
Ghanaian Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and Black Stars won successive Africa Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–0 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the country the nickname of "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s. The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the olympic games football tournaments, reaching the quarter finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 and but making little progress in continent-wide competitions until 1991. The 1992 African Cup of Nations, after three failures to reach the final tournament, saw Black Stars finish second, after a Ivory Coast win on penalty shootout in the final. Black Stars also won the olympic bronze medal in 1992 olympics, the first African team to win an olympic football medal, losing to eventual winners Spain in the semi-finals.
Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Ghanaian players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and USA (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they succumbed to a 3–0 defeat by Brazil.
The Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for 2010 FIFA World Cup. The World Cup Draw in Cape Town on 4 December 2009 saw the Ghanaian team being placed alongside Germany, Serbia and Australia in Group D. The team reached the last 16 where they played the USA, defeating them 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost on penalty shootout with Uruguay in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was saved off the goal line by Luis Suárez's deliberately parried handball who was then shown a red card for his actions.
Grounds and training grounds
Black Stars does not have a specific home national stadium like many other national teams and as such, often rotate their home World Cup qualifying and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches and training camps through various stadiums (grounds) and training grounds: the Essipong Stadium or Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium or Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the capital Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller Ghana regional stadia were used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.
Since September 2010, Black Stars have played many high profile international friendlies in Europe, and more recently in Asia, where they played against South Korea at the Jeonju World Cup Stadium, South Korea in 2011, and the match was well attended. Black Stars played at the Wembley Stadium, London in 2011 against England and drew 1–1. The match drew a sell-out attendance, and was the largest away following for any nation since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007. The match was watched by 700 million people globally. They have most recently played a high profile international friendly against Brazil at Craven Cottage, London.
The Black Stars training program undertakes high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and strength training at the Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahahfo and the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema where the Black Stars squad initiates their physical exercise routines for physical fitness and where the Black Stars prepares for all their upcoming scheduled matches.
The Ghanaian nationals are 98% English-speakers, and about 83% are Akan-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Viasat 1; and during the scheduled qualification for World Cup 2014 national broadcaster GTV sub-division of Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) broadcast to the Ghana public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1, in which the exhibition match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GBC and Viasat 1.
Kit and team crest
The Ghana national football team (The Black Stars) are currently sporting an all-white and partly black football kit instead of a kit that coordinates in color of the Ghana national flag, as in the team's crest and in general, Pan-African colours. The Black Stars 1st kit color choice has been all-white from the years 1950 to 1989, and an introduction of a 2nd kit color to coordinate with the national flag of Ghana was worn from the years 1990 to 2006 designed with the national colors gold with red and green visibly decorated on its kits. The kit design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with vertical stripes gold-green and red shoulders with introduction of an all black 3rd kit in 2008 aligning the team's symbol of continuity; Black Star and in 2014, Black Stars' all black colored kit is to be re-assigned to the position of 3rd kit following the induction of a brown with blue and gold colored Black Stars 4th kit in 2013. The Black Stars 1st kit was reconstructed to an all-white and partly black colored kit, at the beginning of the 21st century.
The Ghana national football team symbol of continuity, is the, black star, that is present in the Ghana national flag and Ghana coat of arms in the center of the primordial national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957; the black star has always been included on its kits, and is currently located on the front of the 2012–2013 Black Stars first kit shirt.
|Black Stars Kit Construction|
2012 Africa Cup of Nations 1st Kit
2013 Africa Cup of Nations 1st Kit
2012 Africa Cup of Nations 2nd Kit
2013 Africa Cup of Nations 2nd Kit
Current technical staff
Last updated: December 2013
The following is the list of players called up to the squad by the Black Stars head coach; James Kwesi Appiah for the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – Final match vs. Egypt, which took place on 19 November 2013.
Caps and goals correct as of 19 November 2013.
Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.
The following additional quality players have been called up to the Black Stars squad in the year of 2013 and were not inducted into the Black Stars current squad by the Black Stars head coach; James Kwesi Appiah for the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – Final match vs. Egypt, which took place on 19 November 2013. Caps and goals correct as of 19 November 2013. Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.
- INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
- WD Player withdrew from the squad due to personal reason.
The feeder levels of the Black Stars; are the teams administered by the football association of Ghana (GFA) as a whole, and are composed of professional association football players aged 16 to 23, representing the Republic of Ghana in different international tournaments in different association levels of age categories in which constitutes the squad ranks prior to the senior Black Stars squad. The different categories are set for the year of birth of the professional association football players aged 16 to 23, and usually include professional association football players born in two consecutive years. Traditionally the name of the categories refers to the maximum age of which professional association football players compete from the under-15 to under-23.
The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the olympic games of Barcelona 1992 competes in the football at the lympic games, football at the All-Africa games, CAF U-23 Championship and regulated to professional association football players aged 23 years and under. The football at the olympic games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and from the olympic games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 olympic games, capturing third place in the olympic games of 1992. In 1992, under-23 level became the first on the Africa continent to win a medal in olympic games.
The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and competes at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level have captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 in penalty shootout after completing the match 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been 3-times champions of the African Youth Championship in 1995, 1999 and 2009 and 2-times runners-up in 2001 and 2013.
The under-17 level is the youngest level and is regulated to association football players under 17 years of age; representing the football association of Ghana (GFA) in the FIFA U-17 World Cup and internationally replaced the under-16 level in official association football competitions, in which the under-16 level became under-17 level in 1991 in accordance with FIFA. The under-17 level have been 2-times FIFA U-17 World Cup champions in 1991 and 1995, and 2-times runners-up in 1993 and in 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s where at one time was classified to four consecutive finals and have also twice won the African U-17 Championship.
Ex-Black Stars players
- See Ghana international footballers for all Ghanaian internationals with a Wikipedia article.
|Black Stars players 1990s–2000s|
Black Stars has participated in two of the last three editions of the FIFA World Cups since the turn of the 21st century; notables that competed for Black Stars between the 1990s and the turn of the 2000s include Laryea Kingston whom was well known as an uncompromising and hard-working striker by fellow professionals and Samuel Kuffour competed as centre-back for Black Stars at the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals in which Black Stars entered the round-of-16 and on 12 January 2007, the Confederation of African Football voted Samuel Kuffour as a member of the Top 30 African Players of All-Time; Hans Sarpei participated for Black Stars as wing-back at the 2006 FIFA World Cup and the 2010 FIFA World Cup with influential and strong performances on both occasions with Eric Addo, whom competed for Black Stars as a solid centre-back at the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals, playing in all four of Black Stars' matches including the round-of-16, while Junior Agogo was known as a physically strong and footspeed striker for Black Stars with a total of 12 goals scored in 27 Black Stars caps between 2006 and 2009, in which influential former Black Stars captain Stephen Appiah was known as an enigmatic and energetic defensive midfielder competing for Black Stars at the 2006 FIFA World Cup and the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Black Stars Goalkeeper
Richard Kingson; has 90 Black Stars caps
Black Stars Centre-Back
Black Stars Footspeed Forward and
Quincy Owusu-Abeyie; Black Stars
West African Nations Cup [SCSA Zone III] Record
Nations Cup Record by team
World Cup record
Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Black Stars were the only African side to advance to the Second Round of 2006 FIFA World Cup and were the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup. Black Stars had the youngest team in the FIFA World Cup 2006 with an average age of 23 years and 352 days, and were praised for their improving performance. FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.
In the 2010 World Cup, Black Stars progressed beyond the group stages of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. Black Stars were defeated by Uruguay on penalties after Luis Suárez controversially handballed on the goal line deep into extra time, denying Black Stars an almost certain winning goal. Had Black Stars won their quarter-final they would have become the first African nation to progress to the semi-finals of the world cup. Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.
|FIFA World Cup record|
|1962||Did not qualify|
|1970 to 1978||Did not qualify|
|1986 to 2002||Did not qualify|
|2006||Round of 16||13th||4||2||0||2||4||6|
|2018||To Be Determined|
African Cup of Nations record
After the 1963 and 1965 triumphs, Black Stars hosted and won the 13th edition of the African Cup of Nations trophy for keeps in 1978, and four years later, won it again in Tripoli, Libya. The team have won the African Cup of Nations fo ur times (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982), making the Black Stars the second most successful team in the contest's history. Black Stars in 2013 became the only African side to qualify for at least the semi-final of the African cup four times in a row twice; this occurred between 1963 and 1970 and between 2008 and 2013.
|African Cup of Nations|
|1957||Did not enter||1978||Champions||1998||Round 1|
|1959||Did not enter||1980||Round 1||2000||Quarter-finals|
|1962||Did not qualify||1982||Champions||2002||Quarter-finals|
|1963||Champions||1984||Round 1||2004||Did not qualify|
|1965||Champions||1986||Did not qualify||2006||Round 1|
|1968||Second Place||1988||Did not qualify||2008||Third Place|
|1970||Second Place||1990||Did not qualify||2010||Second Place|
|1972||Did not qualify||1992||Second Place*||2012||Fourth Place|
|1974||Did not qualify||1994||Quarter-finals||2013||Fourth Place|
|1976||Did not qualify||1996||Fourth Place||2015||TBD|
- *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
|Olympic medal record|
|Athens 1896||No association football competition|
|Paris 1900||In 1900 and 1904 Olympics competed for clubs|
|St. Louis 1904|
|London 1908||Gold Coast national football did not participate|
|Los Angeles 1932||No association football competition|
|Berlin 1936||Gold Coast national football did not participate|
|Helsinki 1952||Did not participate [a]|
|Rome 1960||Did not qualify|
|Mexico 1968||Round 1||12th||3||0||2||1||6||8|
|Munich 1972||Round 1||16th||3||0||0||3||1||11|
|Montreal 1976||Round 1 (Did not participate)|
|Moscow 1980||Did not qualify|
|Los Angeles 1984|
|Barcelona 1992||Since 1992 the competition has been competed by U-23 [n]|
- ^ Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
- ^ Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.
African Nations Championship record
|Ivory Coast 2009||Runner-up||2nd||5||1||3||1||8||6||Team|
|Sudan 2011||Round 1||14th||3||0||0||3||1||4||Team|
|South Africa 2014||Qualified|
|Rwanda 2016||To be determined|
- Quarter-final (7th): 2010
- Winners (4): 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
- Runners-up (4): 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010
- Third place: 2008
- Fourth place (3): 1996, 2012, 2013
- Third place (1): 3 ! 1991
Continental Multi-sport event
- Runners-up: 2 ! 2009
- Four Nation Tournament 
- Winner: 1 ! 2007
Confederation of African Football
- African National Team of the Year Winners (3): 1 ! 1983, 1 ! 2006, 1 ! 2010
- ^ Note: Designated to U-23 tournament.
Team schedules and results
|International Friendly 10 January 2013||Ghana||3 – 0||Egypt||Abu Dhabi, U.A.E|
|17:00 UTC+0||Badu 18'
|Report||Stadium: Sheikh Zayed Stadium
Referee: Mohammed Abdulla Hassan Mohammed
|International Friendly 13 January 2013||Ghana||4 – 2||Tunisia||Abu Dhabi, U.A.E|
|16:10 UTC+0||Boye 58'
Wakaso 64' (pen.)
|Report||Jemâa 16', 47'||Stadium: Sheikh Zayed Stadium
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations Group B 20 January 2013||Ghana||2 – 2||Congo DR||Port Elizabeth, South Africa|
|17:00 UTC+2||Badu 40'
Mbokani 68' (pen.)
|Stadium: Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
Referee: Daniel Bennett
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations Group B 24 January 2013||Ghana||1 – 0||Mali||Port Elizabeth, South Africa|
|17:00 UTC+2||Wakaso 38' (pen.)||Report||Stadium: Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
Referee: Noumandiez Doué
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations Group B 28 January 2013||Ghana||3 – 0||Niger||Port Elizabeth, South Africa|
|19:00 UTC+2||Gyan 6'
|Report||Stadium: Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
Referee: Badara Diatta
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations Quarter-final 2 February 2013||Ghana||2 – 0||Cape Verde||Port Elizabeth, South Africa|
|17:00 UTC+2||Wakaso 54' (pen.), 90+5'||Report||Stadium: Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
Referee: Rajindraparsad Seechurn (Mauritius)
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations Semi-final 6 February 2013||Ghana||1 – 1 (aet)
(2 – 3 p)
|Burkina Faso||Nelspruit, South Africa|
|20:30 UTC+2||Wakaso 13' (pen.)||Report||Bancé 60'||Stadium: Mbombela Stadium
Referee: Selim Jedidi (Tunisia)
|2013 Africa Cup of Nations 3rd place play-off 9 February 2013||Ghana||1 – 3||Mali||Port Elizabeth, South Africa|
|20:00 UTC+2||Asamoah 82'||Report||Mah. Samassa 21'
S. Diarra 90+4'
|Stadium: Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
Referee: Eric Otogo-Castane (Gabon)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification 24 March 2013||Ghana||4 – 0||Sudan||Kumasi, Ashanti|
|16:00 UTC+0||Gyan 19'
|Report||Stadium: Kumasi Sports Stadium
Referee: Anthony Ramsy Raphael (Malawi)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification 7 June 2013||Ghana||3 – 1||Sudan||Omdurman, Sudan|
|20:00 UTC+3||Gyan 16', 63'
|Report||El Tahir 30' (pen.)||Stadium: Al-Merrikh Stadium
Referee: Ousmane Fall (Senegal)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification 16 June 2013||Ghana||2 – 0||Lesotho||Maseru, Lesotho|
|15:00 UTC+2||Atsu 44'
|Report||Stadium: Setsoto Stadium
Referee: Thierry Nkurunziza (Burundi)
|International Friendly 14 August 2013||Ghana||2 – 2||Turkey||Istanbul, Turkey|
|18:00 UTC+0||Gyan 61', 75'||Report||Yılmaz 7'
|Stadium: Atatürk Olympic Stadium
Referee: Matej Jug (Slovenia)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification 6 September 2013||Ghana||2 – 1||Zambia||Kumasi, Ashanti|
|16:00 UTC±0||Waris 17'
|Report||Sinkala 72'||Stadium: Kumasi Sports Stadium
Referee: Djamel Haimoudi (Algeria)
(2013 Kirin Challenge Cup) 10 September 2013
|Ghana||1 – 3||Japan||Kanagawa, Japan|
|11:20 UTC+0||Acheampong 24'||Report||Kagawa 50'
|Stadium: International Stadium Yokohama
Referee: Chris Beath (Australia)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – Final 15 October 2013||Ghana||6 – 1||Egypt||Kumasi, Ashanti|
|16:00 UTC+0||Asamoah Gyan 5' (54)
Wael Gomaa 22' (o.g.)
Abdul Majeed Waris 44'
Sulley Muntari 73' (pen.)
Christian Atsu 88'
|Report||Mohamed Aboutrika 41' (pen.)||Stadium: Kumasi Sports Stadium
Referee: Bouchaïb El Ahrach (Morocco)
|2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – Final 19 November 2013||Ghana||1 – 2
2nd leg: 7 – 3 (Aggregate)
|18:00 UTC+2||Kevin-Prince Boateng 89'||Report||Amr Zaki 25'
Mohamed Nagy Gedo 84'
|Stadium: 30 June Stadium
Referee: Noumandiez Doué (Ivory Coast)
- For 2012 match results, see Ghana national football team 2012
Supporters and popularity
Following the Black Stars debut at the World Cup 2006 and upon Ghana's national football team arriving back to Ghana from the World Cup 2010 in South Africa they were greeted by a rapturous welcome. Hundred thousands of dancing and singing fans welcomed the squad players - known as the Black Stars - at the Kotoka International Airport in Accra. The Black Stars were praised for holding high the flag of Ghana and the entire Africa continent. Black Stars paraded through the eleventh-largest metropolitan area in Africa, Accra followed by a free music concert in Black Stars honour. Black Stars fans cheered as Ghana's Black Stars players walked up a red carpet laid on the tarmac from their scheduled flight from the World Cup 2010. Black Stars were also formally greeted by a welcoming party of ministers, deputy ministers and association football officials. With music, whistles and vuvuzelas blaring, it was a very joyous and celebratory occasion.
Stephen Appiah's comment and his optimistic attitude and the positive vibrations from the Black Stars fans make up for the blues Black Stars fans have been feeling since their last-minute quarter-final penalty shootout with Uruguay on 2 July 2010 and each Black Stars player got his own cheer from the crowds as they stepped aboard their coach bus to leave the airport. There were spontaneous shouts of joy at the Kotoka International Airport as the airplane with the Black Stars landed late on Monday 5 July 2013. Black Stars fans, many of whom had started arriving hours before the team's expected arrival, waved Ghana's national flags and blasted vuvuzelas to greet their Black Stars heroes in a carnival atmosphere and the Black Stars were commended for fighting gallantly, and not only making Ghana proud, but the entire Africa continent.
The Black Stars' street procession following the World Cup 2010 ended at the president's office, known as The Castle or Fort Christiansborg, where the president received the Black Stars players. The Ghanaian president urged Ghanaians not to "nail" the Black Stars players despite their disappointment at the controversial loss in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-finals and said that the Black Stars fans should rather continue to support them and show appreciation for what they have achieved and that match on 2 July 2010, there was going to be only one winner and unfortunately, it was not the Black Stars.
On Sunday 4 July 2010, hundred thousands of crowds gathered to cheer Black Stars as they toured Johannesburg and the Black Stars met with former South African president Nelson Mandela at his Johannesburg home on 3 July 2010. Upon leaving Nelson Mandela's house, Black Stars players described meeting the Nobel laureate; "I am very happy to meet a great man like President Mandela. I was there with him, shaking his hand. I'm so happy to meet him face to face," said Black Stars goalkeeper Richard Kingson.
Black Stars maintains an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and an average stadium match attendance high of 80,000+ such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quater-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators. Globally, Black Stars maintains an extremely high worlwide match television coverage as in Black Stars 1–1 match draw against England on 29 March 2011 in which the match drew a sell-out attendance of 80,102 spectators, and was the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007. The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.
The Black Stars possess remarkable fewer matches against teams outside of continental Sub-Saharan Africa as the Black Stars have forged a fearsome grudge in the case of the "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" between two of the best teams on the African continent: Black Stars, and the Nigeria national football team, with whom Black Stars maintains a strong and vicious rivalry.
This dispute between Black Stars and the Nigeria national football team was enhanced by several factors: the proximity of Ghana to Nigeria, as well as the dispute of different association football competitions and a non-sporting dispute between Ghana and Nigeria in which Ghana battles Nigeria in contention for the supremacy of the whole of West Africa zone and for the more territorial domain of Sub-Saharan Africa; as Black Stars and the Nigeria national football team are the udisputed two best teams in Sub-Saharan Africa.
In books and popular culture
As with existing Black Stars supporters' groups along with fan clubs, fansites and social networking on the World Wide Web (W3) which contribute to the devotation and purchase of Black Stars supporters' souvenirs motivating the association football national team in their quest for ultimate World Championship and African Championship glory, as with further products inclined to the Black Stars. Souvenirs include books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs. These may or may not be intended with commercial motives but are driven towards preceding and succeeding World Championship or African Championship.
- Books: Black Stars have also been publicated in books on the team's participation in major tournament along with book publications on sole Black Stars players in the case of the 1880s legendary Ghanaian and first black professional association football player in the world, Arthur Wharton whom in 2012, a small statue of Wharton was presented to Sepp Blatter at the headquarters of FIFA in Zurich, Switzerland, where it will be on permanent display, and in which the most covered topics are that of Black Stars. About the 2006 World Cup; Black Stars' historic journey to the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals begun with a comfortable victory over the Czech Republic, and the United States. Although Black Stars did not win the 2006 FIFA World Cup tournament, it is believed that it was the best continental campaign for Sub-Saharan Africa since 2002 FIFA World Cup and repeated once again in 2010 FIFA World Cup: Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!, about the history and performance of Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that Black Stars has ever played against: ‘The Black Stars of Ghana’ by Alan Whelan; about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the worldwide tournament quarter-finals: ‘The Principles of Modern Soccer Coaching’ by Ben Koufie, about the association football tactics and skills and principles involved in winning association football matches by Ghanaian FIFA and CAF executive Ben Koufie.
- Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer", invested a lot of energy into making Ghana's association football national team - the Black Stars - a force in African football.
- Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organizer of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana national football team their nickname, the Black Stars of Africa.
- Dances: Upon Black Stars scoring opposition teams, dance forms of the worldwide popular Ghanaian Azonto is performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, a new elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" which translated means "shrimp" in the Akan language, was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players.
- Songs: On both occasions of past and future World Championships or African Championships, a number of Ghanaian musicians with music producers have been creating generical hiplife songs which are composed in the Akan language - the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim," (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in their quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy. Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sang in the Akan language and was launched unto the Ghanaian screens and continental Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the famous "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup and in the Premier League. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as the GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.
Organization and finance
Economics and Sponsorship
|Television Network and
Television Channel; Ghana Football
Association Television (GFA TV)
Black Stars television broadcaster and
Black Stars Worldwide television rights
Ghana National Petroleum
Black Stars global headline sponsor
Black Stars private bank
Black Stars is headed by president of the Ghana Football Association Kwesi Nyantakyi, and vice-president Fred Pappoe, with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer. The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million-Chinese Yuan Renminbi (15 million-US dollar) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars players salary wage bill, following the gold mining corporations; Ashanti Goldfields Corporation, Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which has been sponsoring Black Stars since 2005.
On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched its TV Channel and TV programmed called GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the Africa continent to launch its own TV programme and TV network which has exclusive rights to the television broadcasting of all the Black Stars' matches. In September 2013, Black Stars signed a CN¥12.9 million (US$2.1 million) television rights sponsorhip deal with South African broadcasting giants SuperSport. In November 2013, Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorhip deal with 100% wholly owned Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.
Black Stars Team players salaries
Black Stars per player salary is at CN¥614,668–769,946 (US$100,000–125,300) and further additional Black Stars per player bonus payments in 2013 with an overall Black Stars team annual salary wage bill set at CN¥49,173,400–55,303,400 (US$8–9 million) or GH₵15 million in 2013.
|Year||Month||Daily Salary||Weekly Salary||Total Player
|Year||Month||Daily Salary||Weekly Salary||Total Player
|2013||January||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||July||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|2013||February||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||August||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|2013||March||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||September||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|2013||April||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||October||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|2013||May||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||November||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|2013||June||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33||2013||December||US$ 277.78||US$ 1,923.08||CN¥ 51,222.3||US$ 8,333.33|
|Total Per Player Annual Salary||CN¥ 614,668+
|Total Players Annual Salary Wage Bill||CN¥ 49,173,400+||US$ 8,000,000+|
FIFA World Ranking history
Last updated 28 November 2013
Out of a total of 209 teams in the World, Black Stars, according to FIFA, Black Stars are currently holding the rank of number 24 association football national team for the month of November 2013 on the FIFA World Rankings; while its highest ranking was at number 14 on the FIFA World Rankings during the year 2008 and in which its highest World Football Elo Ratings was at number 14 on 30 June 1966. Black Stars competes for the West African Football Union and competes in the Confederation of African Football and is currently holding the rank of number 2 on the Africa continent for the month of November 2013.
|1993||--||--||--||--||--||--||--||48. (33)||42. (36)||40. (36)||41. (37)||37. (39)|
|1994||--||35. (39)||31. (41)||29. (43)||28. (44)||26. (44)||28. (43)||--||26. (44)||26. (45)||26. (45)||26. (46)|
|1995||--||25. (46)||--||27. (44)||26. (45)||27. (45)||26. (46)||24. (47)||26. (44)||23. (47)||27. (46)||29. (47)|
|1996||19. (51)||16. (52)||--||15. (52)||17. (51)||--||20. (52)||19. (51)||19. (51)||23. (51)||25. (51)||25. (50)|
|1997||--||38. (45)||--||40. (45)||35. (47)||36. (47)||42. (46)||41. (47)||45. (47)||50. (45)||53. (44)||57. (44)|
|1998||--||54. (45)||58. (44)||60. (43)||65. (40)||--||65. (39)||67. (39)||60. (40)||46. (45)||48. (44)||48. (46)|
|1999||41. (547) **||43. (541)||43. (542)||44. (540)||46. (538)||45. (535)||46. (532)||44. (547)||47. (543)||54. (518)||55. (505)||48. (525)|
|2000||50. (526)||53. (526)||57. (522)||57. (519)||48. (532)||49. (530)||54. (525)||50. (531)||53. (530)||48. (543)||57. (531)||57. (531)|
|2001||58. (531)||58. (529)||59. (526)||60. (525)||61. (521)||62. (537)||55. (557)||59. (550)||57. (552)||60. (546)||58. (553)||59. (551)|
|2002||61. (549)||56. (564)||54. (566)||57. (558)||52. (558)||--||57. (537)||56. (529)||61. (522)||59. (535)||59. (529)||61. (525)|
|2003||59. (529)||59. (526)||61. (521)||64. (520)||67. (516)||69. (513)||71. (507)||75. (503)||75. (503)||81. (491)||79. (500)||78. (508)|
|2004||79. (508)||80. (506)||83. (502)||84. (498)||84. (492)||89. (486)||71. (523)||70. (527)||74. (525)||72. (539)||75. (538)||77. (528)|
|2005||77. (528)||79. (526)||79. (524)||76. (530)||75. (531)||76. (547)||70. (548)||70. (547)||62. (566)||51. (599)||50. (608)||50. (608)|
|2006||50. (608)||48. (609)||50. (605)||50. (602)||48. (600)||--||25. (839) ***||25. (839)||23. (830)||24. (826)||28. (814)||28. (816)|
|2007||28. (828)||22. (848)||19. (881)||28. (813)||28. (819)||19. (917)||37. (721)||43. (693)||45. (671)||47. (632)||43. (659)||43. (659)|
|2008||43. (660)||14. (990)||15. (1003)||14. (1006)||14. (1010)||16. (986)||20. (885)||19. (892)||20. (864)||25. (839)||26. (805)||25. (815)|
|2009||25. (813)||35. (714)||34. (717)||31. (779)||31. (779)||36. (750)||35. (772)||35. (772)||32. (786)||38. (746)||37. (739)||34. (747)|
|2010||34. (747)||27. (823)||28. (818)||31. (802)||32. (802)||32. (800)||23. (874)||23. (874)||20. (889)||17. (891)||17. (903)||16. (908)|
|2011||16. (925)||15. (940)||16. (931)||15. (918)||15. (918)||33. (735)||36. (696)||36. (726)||37. (700)||33. (734)||29. (761)||29. (761)|
|2012||26. (779)||23. (819)||23. (820)||22. (816)||22. (816)||25. (818)||33. (707)||32. (707)||31. (714)||31. (722)||29. (762)||30. (777)|
|2013||26. (788)||19. (865)||20. (883)||22. (874)||22. (874)||21. (887)||24. (830)||24. (830)||24. (815)||23. (860)||24. (849)||TBA|
- *The 1990 and 1991 FIFA World Rankings are unofficial; the exact 1990–1992 rankings and points can be retrieved from FIFA's Communications & Public Affairs Division.
- **In January 1999 the FIFA changed the system of the ranking calculation.
- ***In July 2006 the FIFA changed the system of the ranking calculation.
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1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
1968 Congo DR
1978 (Third title)
1982 (Fourth title)
|West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
WAFU Nations Cup
|WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghana national football team.|
- Ghana Football Association official site
- Ghana List of International Matches at RSSSF
- Ghana at the World Cups
- Ghana Teams at World Cups
- Ghana: Head-to-Head Records at World Cups