Ghana national football team

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Ghana
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Black Stars
Association Ghana Football Association (GFA)
Sub-confederation WAFU (West Africa)
Confederation CAF (Africa)
Head coach Avram Grant
Asst coach Maxwell Konadu
Captain Asamoah Gyan
Vice-captain Michael Essien
Top scorer Asamoah Gyan (45)
FIFA code GHA
FIFA ranking 37 Steady (18 December 2014)
Highest FIFA ranking 14 (February, April, May 2008)
Lowest FIFA ranking 89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking 33
Highest Elo ranking 14 (30 June 1966)
Lowest Elo ranking 97 (14 June 2004)
First colours
Second colours
Third colours
First international
 Gold Coast 1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Kenya 2–13 Ghana 
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[1]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana 
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)[2]
World Cup
Appearances 3 (First in 2006)
Best result Quarter-finals, 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances 19 (First in 1963)
Best result Champions, 1963, 1965, 1978 and 1982

The Ghana national football team (Akan: Gaana adehyeman nan-bɔɔl tiim), popularly nicknamed as the Black Stars (Akan: Nsoroma Tuntum), represents Ghana in international association football and has done so since the 1950s. It is administered by the Ghana Football Association, the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Although the team did not qualify for the senior FIFA World Cup until 2006, they had qualified for five straight Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[3] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up 4 times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, and 2010). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.

Black Stars' recent Africa Cup of Nations participation concludes from 10 January to 20 February 2008 participating at the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations and unsatisfyingly reaching the semi-finals which had disappointingly finished 0–1 to Cameroon national football team and was hosted by Ghana;[4] from 10 January to 31 January 2010 Black Stars participated at the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations and expectedly reached the finals which had suceedingly and disappointingly finished 0–1 to Egypt national football team and was hosted by Angola;[5] from 21 January to 12 February 2012 Black Stars participated at the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations and unsatisfyingly reached the semi-finals which had successively and disappointingly finished 0–1 to Zambia national football team and was hosted by Gabon and Equatorial Guinea;[6] from 19 January to 10 February 2013 Black Stars participated at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations and unsatisfyingly reached the semi-finals which consecutively and disappointingly finished 2–3 on penalty shoot-out to Burkina Faso national football team and was hosted by South Africa.[7] Black Stars are undergoing 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualifications for participation at the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations scheduled to be hosted by Equatorial Guinea from the 17th January to the 8th February 2015.[8]

History[edit]

Further information: Football in Ghana

Chronicles and rebirth[edit]

Black Stars (Ghana national football team) members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920 then succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, and was affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[9]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and Black Stars won successive Africa Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–0 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[10] The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the olympic games football tournaments, reaching the quarter finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 and but making little progress in continent-wide competitions until 1991. The 1992 African Cup of Nations, after three failures to reach the final tournament, saw Black Stars finish second, after a Ivory Coast win on penalty shootout in the final.

Continuum[edit]

Black Stars Continuum

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and USA (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they succumbed to a 3–0 defeat by Brazil.[11]

Black Stars squad line-up prior to match

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA World Rankings. Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the last 16 where they played the USA, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[12]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[13]

Ghana were sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second Round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[14][14] Ghana were drawn in group G for the finals, where they faced Germany, Portugal, and United States.[15]

In April 2014, Ghana were drawn in a tough 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualification – Group E for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations,[16] where they will face Guinea, Togo, and Uganda to qualify for the 30th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations at the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations.[16][17]

Team image[edit]

Grounds and training grounds[edit]

Lizzy Sports Complex

There is no home stadium for Black Stars (Ghana national football team). World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Essipong Stadium and Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[18]

Media coverage[edit]

The Ghanaian nationals are 83% are Akan-speakers, and about 21% English-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Viasat 1; and during the scheduled qualification for World Cup 2014 national broadcaster GTV sub-division of Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) broadcast to the Ghana public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1, in which the exhibition match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.[19]

Kit and team crest[edit]

Ghana home shirt: 1970s–1980s
Ghana home kit 2008.svg
Ghana away kit 2008.svg
Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits
Manufacturer Period
Adidas 1957–2000
Umbro 2000–2005
Puma 2005–2014
Adidas 2015–Present–2022

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the center of the primordial national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits.[10] Black Stars' kit was sponsored by Puma SE from 2005, with the deal ending in 2014.[20]

The Black Stars instead of its original goldgreenred—coloured football kit that coordinates with the colours of the Ghana national flag; Black Stars are sporting an all-white and partly black football kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and re-worn from 2006 until December 2014.

The Ghana national football team (The Black Stars) introduced the kit colour to coordinate with the national flag of Ghana and was worn from the years 1990 to 2006 designed with the national colours gold with green and red visibly decorated on its kits, as in the team's crest and in general, Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with vertical stripes gold-green and red shoulders with introduction of an all black 2nd kit in 2008 aligning the team's symbol of continuity; Black Star and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[21][22]

The Ghana national football team (The Black Stars) football kit is ranked as the best conceptual artistic and designed football kit of any other football team.[23]

Organization and finance[edit]

Black Stars is headed by president of the Ghana Football Association, Kwesi Nyantakyi,[24] and vice-president Fred Crentsil,[25] with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[26] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million ($15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars players salary wage bill,[27][28] following the gold mining corporations; Ashanti Goldfields Corporation, Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which has been sponsoring Black Stars since 2005.[29]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched its TV Channel and TV programmed called "GFA TV", thus becoming the first football association on the Africa continent to launch its own TV programme and TV network which has the exclusive rights and television rights to the broadcasting of all the Black Stars' matches.[30] In November 2013, Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorhip deal with 100% wholly owned Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[31]

Supporters[edit]

Black Stars maintains an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and an average stadium match attendance high of 80,000+ such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[32] Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[33] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[33]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[34]

Rivalries[edit]

Black Stars' (Ghana national football team's) main footballing rivalry is with Super Eagles (Nigeria national football team); the "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African continent.[35] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and a non-sporting dispute between Ghana and Nigeria in which Ghana battles Nigeria in contention for the supremacy of the whole of West Africa zone and for the more territorial domain of Sub-Saharan Africa add to this rivalry.[35]

In books and popular culture[edit]

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focussed on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: have been published on the team's participation in major tournaments. Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[36] about the history and performance of Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that Black Stars has ever played against: ‘The Black Stars of Ghana’ by Alan Whelan;[37] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals: ‘The Principles of Modern Soccer Coaching’ by Ben Koufie,[38] about the association football tactics and skills and principles involved in winning association football matches by Ghanaian FIFA and CAF executive Ben Koufie.[39]
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Personnel[edit]

Current technical staff[edit]

Head Coach Israel Avram Grant
Assistant Coach Ghana Maxwell Konadu
Technical Coordinator Ghana Francis Oti Akenteng
Head Scout Ghana Otto Addo
Head Masseur Ghana Samuel Ankomah
Physiotherapists Ghana Colonel Ofosu Anim
Ghana Ralph Frank
Head Psychologist Ghana Prof. Joseph Mintah
Head Doctor Ghana Prof. Dr. Adam Baba
Equipment Manager Ghana Ismail Amidu
Other backroom staff Ghana Anthony Baffoe
Ghana Ozwald Boateng

Last updated: October 2014
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Former Head coaches[edit]

Since 1957 Ghana have had thirty-two different head coaches and three caretakers. C.K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles - in 1963, 1965 and 1982 - making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[46] Fred Osam Duodu led Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[47] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah, have all led Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[48][49]


Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

Black Stars squad members line-up before an Africa Cup of Nations match.

The following 23 players were named for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualification.
Match Date:
15 and 19 November 2014
Opposition:
 Uganda and  Togo
Caps and goals correct as of:
19 November 2014, including the match against Togo.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Fatau Dauda (1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 (age 29) 21 0 Ghana Ashanti Gold
1GK Stephen Adams (1989-09-28) 28 September 1989 (age 25) 10 0 Ghana Aduana Stars
1GK Brimah Razak (1987-06-22) 22 June 1987 (age 27) 4 0 Spain Mirandés
2DF Harrison Afful (1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 (age 28) 49 0 Tunisia Espérance
2DF John Boye (1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 (age 27) 36 3 Turkey Kayseri Erciyesspor
2DF Jonathan Mensah (1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 (age 24) 36 1 France Évian
2DF Kwabena Adusei (1987-06-03) 3 June 1987 (age 27) 5 2 Ghana Asante Kotoko
2DF Baba Rahman (1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 (age 20) 5 0 Germany Augsburg
2DF Mohamed Awal (1988-05-01) 1 May 1988 (age 26) 4 0 South Africa Maritzburg United
2DF Jeff Schlupp (1992-12-23) 23 December 1992 (age 22) 3 0 England Leicester City
2DF Yaw Frimpong (1986-12-04) 4 December 1986 (age 28) 0 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembe
3MF Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu (1990-12-02) 2 December 1990 (age 24) 57 10 Italy Udinese
3MF André Ayew (vice-captain) (1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 (age 25) 57 8 France Marseille
3MF Christian Atsu (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 22) 30 5 England Everton
3MF Mohammed Rabiu (1989-12-31) 31 December 1989 (age 24) 26 0 Russia Kuban Krasnodar
3MF Wakaso Mubarak (1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 (age 24) 24 8 Scotland Celtic
3MF Solomon Asante (1990-09-15) 15 September 1990 (age 24) 17 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo Mazembe
3MF Afriyie Acquah (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 (age 22) 8 1 Italy Parma
3MF Edwin Gyimah (1991-03-09) 9 March 1991 (age 23) 5 0 South Africa SuperSport United
4FW Jordan Ayew (1991-09-11) 11 September 1991 (age 23) 21 5 France Lorient
4FW Majeed Waris (1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 (age 23) 18 4 Turkey Trabzonspor
4FW David Accam (1990-09-28) 28 September 1990 (age 24) 0 0 Sweden Helsingborg
4FW Emmanuel Banahene (1988-08-16) 16 August 1988 (age 26) 0 0 Saudi Arabia Al-Orobah

Recent callups[edit]

The following players have been called up in the last 12 months:

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Adam Kwarasey (1987-12-12) 12 December 1987 (age 27) 22 0 United States Portland Timbers 2014 FIFA World Cup
GK Foli Adade (1991-05-12) 12 May 1991 (age 23) 0 0 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Daniel Opare (1990-10-18) 18 October 1990 (age 24) 17 0 Portugal Porto v.  Togo, 10 September 2014
DF Jerry Akaminko (1988-05-02) 2 May 1988 (age 26) 10 1 Turkey Eskişehirspor v.  Togo, 10 September 2014
DF Samuel Inkoom (1989-06-01) 1 June 1989 (age 25) 46 1 United States D.C. United 2014 FIFA World Cup
DF Rashid Sumaila (1992-12-18) 18 December 1992 (age 22) 6 0 South Africa Mamelodi Sundowns 2014 FIFA World Cup
DF David Addy (1990-02-21) 21 February 1990 (age 24) 8 0 Belgium Waasland-Beveren v.  Montenegro, 5 March 2014
DF Nuru Sulley (1992-06-11) 11 June 1992 (age 22) 6 0 Ghana Hearts of Oak 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Joshua Tijani (1988-10-22) 22 October 1988 (age 26) 6 0 Ghana Ashanti Gold 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Abeiku Ainooson (1990-09-24) 24 September 1990 (age 24) 3 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Godfred Saka (1988-11-02) 2 November 1988 (age 26) 3 0 Ghana Aduana Stars 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Francis Morton (1992-11-05) 5 November 1992 (age 22) 1 0 Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Alfred Nelson (1992-08-18) 18 August 1992 (age 22) 1 0 Ghana Liberty Professionals 2014 African Nations Championship
DF Joshua Otoo (1990-04-06) 6 April 1990 (age 24) 0 0 Ghana Wa All Stars 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
MF Kwadwo Asamoah (1988-12-09) 9 December 1988 (age 26) 69 4 Italy Juventus v.  Guinea, 15 October 2014
MF Raman Chibsah (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 21) 1 0 Italy Sassuolo v.  Togo, 10 September 2014
MF Sulley Muntari (1984-08-27) 27 August 1984 (age 30) 84 20 Italy Milan 2014 FIFA World Cup
MF Michael Essien (1982-12-03) 3 December 1982 (age 32) 58 9 Italy Milan 2014 FIFA World Cup
MF Albert Adomah (1987-12-13) 13 December 1987 (age 27) 16 1 England Middlesbrough 2014 FIFA World Cup
MF Kevin-Prince Boateng (1987-03-06) 6 March 1987 (age 27) 15 2 Germany Schalke 04 2014 FIFA World Cup
MF Quincy Owusu-Abeyie (INJ) (1986-04-15) 15 April 1986 (age 28) 18 2 Portugal Boavista v.  Montenegro, 5 March 2014
MF Michael Akuffu (1985-12-18) 18 December 1985 (age 29) 7 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Richard Mpong (1990-07-04) 4 July 1990 (age 24) 6 1 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Jordan Opoku (1987-10-08) 8 October 1987 (age 27) 6 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Theophilus Annorbaah (1987-09-17) 17 September 1987 (age 27) 5 1 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Yahaya Mohamed (1988-02-17) 17 February 1988 (age 26) 5 1 Ghana Asante Kotoko 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Latif Mohammed (1993-01-22) 22 January 1993 (age 21) 5 0 Ghana Ashanti Gold 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Asiedu Attobrah (1995-03-15) 15 March 1995 (age 19) 3 0 Ghana New Edubiase United 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Jackson Owusu (1988-10-15) 15 October 1988 (age 26) 3 0 Ghana Berekum Chelsea 2014 African Nations Championship
MF Edmund Owusu-Ansah (1983-04-02) 2 April 1983 (age 31) 2 0 Ghana Heart of Lions 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
MF Moro Abubakar (1991-08-17) 17 August 1991 (age 23) 1 0 Serbia Donji Srem 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
FW Asamoah Gyan (captain) (1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 (age 29) 86 45 United Arab Emirates Al-Ain v.  Guinea, 15 October 2014
FW Mahatma Otoo (1992-02-06) 6 February 1992 (age 22) 3 0 Norway Sogndal 2014 FIFA World Cup (provisional squad list)
FW Sulley Mohammed (1995-12-07) 7 December 1995 (age 19) 5 1 Ghana King Faisal Babes 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Seidu Bancey (1990-05-15) 15 May 1990 (age 24) 4 0 Egypt Smouha 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Kennedy Boateng (1989-11-30) 30 November 1989 (age 25) 2 0 Ghana Medeama 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Paul de Vries (1996-03-03) 3 March 1996 (age 18) 2 0 Ghana Wa All Stars 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Samuel Afful (1995-12-02) 2 December 1995 (age 19) 1 0 Ghana Sekondi Hasaacas 2014 African Nations Championship
FW Richard Gadze (1995-04-01) 1 April 1995 (age 19) 0 0 Ghana Ebusua Dwarfs 2014 African Nations Championship (preliminary squad)
Notes
  • ^ INJ = Withdrew because of injury
  • ^ Injured = Currently injured

Youth teams[edit]

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.

Under-23[edit]

The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, football at the All-Africa games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[50] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[50]

Under-20[edit]

The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship three times: in 1995, 1999 and 2009, as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.

Under-17[edit]

The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[51] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Competitive records[edit]

Africa Cup of Nations record[edit]

Ghana have won the Africa Cup of Nations four times - in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 - equal with Cameroon and bettered only by Egypt. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[52] The Black Stars have qualified for the tournament 19 times in total, finishing as runners-up four times, third once, and fourth three times.

Black Stars at the CAF Africa Cup of Nations
Africa Cup of Nations Record
Africa Cup of Nations Record GP W >D L GF GA GD
Africa Cup of Nations Finals 78 43 16 19 107 67 +40
Africa Cup of Nations Qual. (H) 32 23 6 3 71 23 +48
Africa Cup of Nations Qual. (A) 32 12 8 12 43 31 +12
Africa Cup of Nations Total 142 78 30 34 221 117 +100
Africa Cup of Nations
Titles: 4
Appearances: 19
Year Position Year Position Year Position
Sudan 1957 Did not enter Ghana 1978 Champions Burkina Faso 1998 Round 1
Egypt 1959 Did not enter Nigeria 1980 Round 1 GhanaNigeria 2000 Quarter-finals
Ethiopia 1962 Did not qualify Libya 1982 Champions Mali 2002 Quarter-finals
Ghana 1963 Champions Ivory Coast 1984 Round 1 Tunisia 2004 Did not qualify
Tunisia 1965 Champions Egypt 1986 Did not qualify Egypt 2006 Round 1
Ethiopia 1968 Second Place Morocco 1988 Did not qualify Ghana 2008 Third Place
Sudan 1970 Second Place Algeria 1990 Did not qualify Angola 2010 Second Place
Cameroon 1972 Did not qualify Senegal 1992 Second Place* GabonEquatorial Guinea 2012 Fourth Place
Egypt 1974 Did not qualify Tunisia 1994 Quarter-finals South Africa 2013 Fourth Place
Ethiopia 1976 Did not qualify South Africa 1996 Fourth Place Equatorial Guinea 2015 TBD
*Denotes place was determined by penalty kicks.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship record[edit]

Ghana has competed in all three African Nations Championship tournaments held to date, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 2009 Runner-up 2nd 5 1 3 1 8 6 Team
Sudan Sudan 2011 Round 1 14th 3 0 0 3 1 4 Team
South Africa South Africa 2014 Runner-up 2nd 6 3 3 0 4 1 Team
Rwanda Rwanda 2016 To be determined
Total 3/3 4th 14 4 6 4 13 11 3

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup record[edit]

Olympic record[edit]

Bernard Aryee former Black Stars Central Midfielder and part of the Bronze Medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football tournament.
Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Greece Athens 1896 No association football competition
France Paris 1900 At the 1900 and 1904 Olympics, clubs competed.
United States St. Louis 1904
United Kingdom London 1908 The Gold Coast team did not participate
Sweden Stockholm 1912
Belgium Antwerp 1920
France Paris 1924
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928
United States Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936 The Gold Coast team did not participate
United Kingdom London 1948
Finland Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
Australia Melbourne 1956
Italy Rome 1960 Did not qualify
Japan Tokyo 1964 Quarter-Final 7th 4 1 1 2 7 12
Mexico Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th 3 0 2 1 6 8
Germany Munich 1972 Round 1 16th 3 0 0 3 1 11
Canada Montreal 1976 Round 1 (Did not participate)
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Did not qualify
United States Los Angeles 1984
South Korea Seoul 1988
Spain Barcelona 1992 Since 1992 olympic football is competed by U-23 [n]
Total 3/19 24th 10 1 3 6 14 31
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

World Cup record[edit]

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010 and 2014. In 2006, Ghana were the only African side to advance to the second round of the FIFA World Cup in Germany and were the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[53] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the FIFA World Cup 2006 with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[53] and were praised for their improving performance.[54][55] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[56]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South-Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[57] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[58]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[59] They were drawn in group G with Germany, USA and Portugal.[60] For the first time Ghana fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and losing to both the United States and Portugal by 2–1.[61]

Black Stars at the World Cup and Black Stars vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010
FIFA World Cup Record
FIFA World Cup Record GP W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals 9 4 2 3 9 10 −1
World Cup Quals (H) 34 24 8 2 78 19 +59
World Cup Quals (A) 33 9 8 16 37 42 −5
World Cup Total 76 37 18 21 124 71 +53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1930 to 1958 Did not enter
Chile 1962 Did not qualify
England 1966 Withdrew
1970 to 1978 Did not qualify
Spain 1982 Withdrew
1986 to 2002 Did not qualify
Germany 2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
South Africa 2010 Quarter-Final 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
Brazil 2014 Group Stage 25th 3 0 1 2 4 6
Russia 2018 To Be Determined
Qatar 2022
Total Quarter-Final 3/20 12 4 3 5 13 16

Team honours[edit]

Last updated 1 February 2014

Continental tournaments[edit]

Black Stars as Africa continental champions upon capturing the 1965 Africa Cup of Nations
Winners (4): Gold medal africa.svg 1963, Gold medal africa.svg 1965, Gold medal africa.svg 1978, Gold medal africa.svg 1982
Runners-up (4): Silver medal africa.svg 1968, Silver medal africa.svg 1970, Silver medal africa.svg 1992, Silver medal africa.svg 2010
Runners-up (2): 2nd 2009, 2nd 2014
First place (1): 1st 2011
Third place (2): 3rd 1978 2003

Continental Subregion[edit]

Winners (4): 1953, 1955, 1957, 1959
Runners-up (4): 1951, 1954, 1956, 1958
Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
Winners (5): 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
Third place (1): 1991
Winner (1): 2013
Third place (1): 2010

Other Tournaments and Cups[edit]

  • Uganda Independence Tournament 1962[65]
Winner: 1962
  • Independence Cup 1964 (Zambia)[66]
Winner: 1964
Runners up: 1982
  • Addis Abeba 25th Anniversary Tournament 1983[68]
Winner: 1983
  • Burkina Faso Tournoi Amical[69]
Winner: 1984
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[70]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[71]
Third: 1993
  • Egypt Tournament 1994[72]
Winner: 1994
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[73]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003
  • Four Nation Tournament[75]
Winner: 2007
  • Liberian Independence Anniversary Tournament 2010[76]
Winner: 2010

Other Awards[edit]

Team schedule and results[edit]

These are Black Stars' forthcoming 2014 African Nations Championship, 2015 Africa Cup of Nations qualification, International Friendly, and 2014 World Cup – Group G matches
Key
      Win
      Draw
      Loss

For the 2013 Black Stars schedule and results, see Ghana national football team 2013

Former players[edit]

See Ghana international footballers for all Ghanaian internationals with a Wikipedia article.
Abedi Ayew Pele, three-times winner of the African Footballer of the Year award; with Black Stars' trophy of the Africa Cup of Nations.[77]

Ghanaian international Abedi Ayew Pele was named African Footballer of the Year three times, in 1991, 1992 and 1993, a number only bettered by Samuel Eto'o.[78][79] He was also included in the CAF Golden Jubilee Best Players Poll, CAF Best Footballer of the Century and FIFA 100 lists.[77]

Ibrahim Sunday, in 1971, and Karim Abdul Razak, in 1978, are also winners of the African Footballer of the Year award, and Razak, Anthony Yeboah, Samuel Kuffour, and Michael Essien were included CAF Golden Jubilee Best Players Poll along with Abedi Pele.[80]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  14. ^ a b "Egypt 2–1 Ghana (Agg 3–7): Zaki and Gedo strike but Black Stars win through". goal.com. Goal.com. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
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  66. ^ Independence Cup 1964 (Zambia). RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  67. ^ Merdeka Tournament 1982 (Malaysia). RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  68. ^ Addis Abeba 25th Anniversary Tournament 1983. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  69. ^ Burkina Faso Tournoi Amical 1984. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  70. ^ Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986. RSSSF. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  71. ^ Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon). RSSSF. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
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Titles chronology[edit]

Last updated 28 November 2013

Achievements
Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 DR Congo 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent

External links[edit]