Ghanche District

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Ghanche District
ضلع گانچھے
District
Headquarters
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, showing the six districts and tehsil boundaries.
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, showing the six districts and tehsil boundaries.
Country  Pakistan
Division Keris Ghwari, khaplu , Mashabrum
Capital Khaplu
Area
 • Total 4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 88,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Website www.visitgilgitbaltistan.gov.pk

Ghanche District(Urdu: ضلع گانچھے‎) (balti:Gangchay) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its west is Astore District and to its south is Ladakh District in Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District cuts through the Siachen Glacier region. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India. (It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park).

The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu. This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram [1] that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).[2]

Etymology[edit]

The word Gangchay is balti, which means "glacier". It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Shyok river which flows through the entire length of the Khaplu town. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the entire valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.[3]

Administration[edit]

Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into two subdivisions 1Subdivision Khaplu and 2Subdivision Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley have been lost by Indian invasion in 1971 .They were Chalunka, Tyakshi,Thang and Turtuk.[4] Some of them are given in the chart below.

Name of Village/Town Muhallahs in the Village/Town
Khaplu bala Mouldomar,Sargiab,Hundili,Banpi,Garalti,Khanqah,Khanser,Naqzigroung,Gamba Bathong,Langkhong,Hache,Dinis,Doqsa,Garbochung
Khaplu Pain Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Bakerpi ground. Mekserpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Taskong, IqbalTown, Gares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchen, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Heapi, Askari ground, Chelabatiground, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Ksergroung, Garboung
Haldi
Keris Sadat Colony
Churbat Siksa
Saling Banpi
Thagas
Yugo
Ghawari
Kuro
Gulshan e kabeer Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor(Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol(Gapkhor & Yarol)
Ghursay
Talis
Saltoro
Surmo Tarkari
Kundos Karmanding
Machulu
Balghar Lahar
Hushe
Barah valley
Thalay Haltagari

Religion[edit]

All the people living in Ghanche are Muslims and mostly people belong to Nurbakhshi (80%) branch of Islam whereas there are Shia Ithna-ashri and others (7%) Muslims as well. The scholar is religious leader called ‘Bowa’ in local language and has very important place in society.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
  2. ^ "History of Ganche and places to see". 
  3. ^ Arz-e-Shimal By Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
  4. ^ "geography of baltistan".