Ghanchi (Muslim)

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Muslim Ghanchi
Family name
Ghanchi ni ghadi.jpg
ghanchi main business oil produce in ghadi machine
Meaning Oil Producer, Oiler
Region of origin India
Language(s) of origin Gujarati
Related names

Agvan, Agariya, Mahida, Mahetar, Bilakhiya, Solanki, Chauhan, Sorathiya, Bhadar kathiya ghanchi,

Deraiya, Sidatar, Vadiya, Varaiya, Patel, Suthar, Basar, Modan, Mankad, Khalani, Kothariya,
Ghanchi
Regions with significant populations
• India • Pakistan
Languages
GujaratiKutchiMewari
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
Ghanchi-PinjaraMuslim TeliMuslim Dhobi

The Ghanchi (Ghaanchi) are a Gujrati Muslim community found in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India. A small number of Ghanchi are also found in the city of Karachi in Pakistan.[1]

Origin[edit]

The Muslim Ghaanchi are traditionally a community associated with the manufacturing of cooking oil, but have no connection with the Muslim Teli of North India. Most Ghanchis claim to be of Shaikh status.They came with Mongol invaders to supply oil to the army to lights "mashaal" and known as a "roganfarosh" and later settled around Gujarat. They are found mainly in the districts of Panchmahal, Sabarkantha and Banaskantha and North Gujarat. The towns of Godhra,Lunawada, Kalol, Ranpur, Botad, Paliyad, Dhandhuka, Wadhwan and Kadi are centres of the Ghanchi community in Gujarat. They have no connection with the Ghanchi-Pinjara community, who were also traditionally associated with the manufacture of oil.[2]

In Rajasthan, the Ghanchi are said to get their name from the ghanch, a traditional oil pressing machine. They are distributed in the districts of Dungarpur, Banswara, Jodhpur and Udaipur. The Ghanchi of Rajasthan speak Mewari, with many also speaking Urdu.[3]

Present circumstances[edit]

In Gujarat[edit]

The Ghanchi are traditionally involved in the manufacture of cooking oil. But with the advancement of modern technology, has led to the Ghanchi to take up other occupations. Many are now businessmen and have become transporters.[2] in lunawada punchmahals ghanchi work in gulf country.

Like other Gujarati Muslims, they follow the principle of jamat bandi, and have their own association, the Ghanchi Jamat. Most Ghanchis in Karachi, Pakistan are Sunni Muslims, and belong to the Deobandi sub-sect.

In Rajasthan[edit]

In Rajasthan, the Ghanchi are still involved with oil pressing. A large number of the community are now cultivators. The Ghanchi of Rajasthan have a state wide caste association, the Ghanchi Jamat. They are strictly endogamous, marrying close kin, practicising both parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages.[4]

Ghanchi of India[edit]

Mumbai & Gujarat in India is home to a large community of Ghanchis. Many are settled in the locality of Ghanchi, as well as other parts of Ghanchi Jamatkhana in Mumbai & Gujarat.

Ghanchi of Pakistan[edit]

The city of Karachi in Pakistan is home to a large community of Ghanchis. Many are settled in the locality of Ghanchi Para, as well as other parts of Saddar Town in Karachi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part One edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 397-400
  2. ^ a b People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part One edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 346-350
  3. ^ People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part One edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 363 to 365 Popular Prakashan
  4. ^ People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part One edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 217 to 220 Popular Prakashan

External links[edit]