Western Equatoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Gharb al Istiwā'īyah)
Jump to: navigation, search
Western Equatoria State
Western Equatoria Province
State
Children in Yambio
Children in Yambio
Flag of Western Equatoria State
Flag
Location in South-West of South Sudan.
Location in South-West of South Sudan.
Coordinates: 5°19′N 28°24′E / 5.317°N 28.400°E / 5.317; 28.400Coordinates: 5°19′N 28°24′E / 5.317°N 28.400°E / 5.317; 28.400
Country  South Sudan
Region Equatoria
No. of counties: 10
Province/State 1978/1995
Capital Yambio
Government
 • Type Liberal Democratic System
 • Governor Col Joseph Bangasi
Area
 • Total 79,342.66 km2 (30,634.37 sq mi)
Population (2008 census)
 • Total 1,619,029
 • Density 20/km2 (53/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Four digits numbers

Yambio county: Baiparu postal code 7241, Kabash postal code 7242, Napere postal code 7243, Masiya postal code 7244, Kuzee & Mamenze postal code 7245, Naduru postal code 7246, Naagori postal code 7247, Mukongo postal code 7248, Emilia Hill postal code 7249, Timbiro postal code 7250, Bakindo postal code 7251, Akorogbodi postal code 7238, Ikpiro postal code 7239, Nabagu postal code 7254

Nzara County: Nzara postal code 7500
Area code(s) 211

Western Equatoria State is one of the 10 states of South Sudan. It has an area of 79,343 km². Its capital is Yambio. The state is divided into counties, each headed by a County Commissioner. Western Equatoria seceded from Sudan as part of the Republic of South Sudan on 9 July 2011.

History[edit]

The Mahdist Revolt of the 1880s destabilized the nascent province, and Equatoria ceased to exist as an Egyptian outpost in 1889. Important settlements in Equatoria included Lado, Gondokoro, Dufile and Wadelai. European colonial maneuverings in the region came to a head in 1898, when the Fashoda Incident occurred at present-day Kodok; Britain and France almost went to war over the region.[21] In 1947, British hopes to join South Sudan with Uganda while, living Western Equatoria as part of Belgium French Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo. But the plan was dashed out by the Rajaf Conference to unify North and South Sudan.

Since the 16th century, Western Equatoria had been a home to the Avukaya, Azande, Baka, Moru, Mundu and Abare

The administration of King Gbudwe was known as the Azande kingdom or Mbomu Kingdom of the entire Azande of, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Central African Republic and Equatoria (South Sudan) until early 1900's, after when the British in-vain several attempt were finally able to captured King Gbudwe and killed him in 1905 which brought an end to the Azande Kingdom to present day. The Azande who is the majority in the state as well as the entire Equatoria, have had good relations with their neighbors, namely the Moru, Mundu, Pöjulu, Avukaya, Baka, Balanda and other small groups in Bahr El Ghazal, due to the expansionist policy of king Gbudwe, in the 18th century. In the 19th century, the Azande fought several Europeans colonials including the French, the Belgian French, British and the Mahdists to maintain their independence. Egypt, under the rule of Khedive Ismail Pasha, first attempted to control the region in the 1870s, establishing the province of Equatoria in the southern portion. Egypt's first governor was Samuel Baker, commissioned in 1869, followed by Charles George Gordon in 1874 and by Emin Pasha in 1878.[21]

In the middle of twentieth century, after Sudan's independence in 1956, Western Equatorians have sacrificed their life for over 5 decades liberating in movements for the independence of South Sudanese, including the Anya Nya led by, Joseph Lagu and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M), led by John Garang de Mabior, as they envisioned of New Sudan. Western Equatoria was also known as, the breadbasket state for liberators during both civil war. Western Equatoria was separated from its sister's State of Eastern Equatoria, becoming a Province in 1978 and the two Equatoria Provinces was once again inaugurated into 3 Statehood's of Western Equatoria, Central Equatoria and Eastern Equatoria in the midst of 1990's. Hence, there is a plan to re-unify the 3 sister's states back into Region-hood after the implementation of South Sudan's Federal System. But many are suggesting the three states should remain in place with each Governor's, while having Governor General to oversee the Greater Equatoria Region.

Current conflict[edit]

In 2005 a peace treaty was signed, but there is still some insurgent activity.

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), under the command of Joseph Kony, moved its base from Uganda to the South Sudan border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, and operates in the Western Equatoria State. Before the 2005 peace deal, the LRA had used Western Equatoria as a base for its operations against the Ugandan government of President Yoweri Museveni. But SPLA troop patrols in the region largely maintain control.

In 2009 local communities in Western Equatoria formed a self-protection unit, the Arrow Boys, using traditional weapons such as bows, arrows and spears to combat the LRA.

Counties[edit]

There are 10 counties in Western Equatoria:

Other important towns in Western Equatoria are: Nagero, Duma, Namutina, Jambo, Rasul, Tore, Muroko, Manguo, Mambe, Kotobi, Yarri, Farak Sika, Madebe, Bangasu, Rimenze, Bazungua, Makpandu, Nadiangere, Kua Diko, Ri-Rangu, Nabiapai, Gangura, Birisi, Ndoromo, Bangazagino, Basukangbi Ringasi, Diabio, Yangiri, Bafuka, Naandi, Andari, Ri-Yubu, Mopai and Sakure.

Economy and demographics[edit]

The economy of Western Equatoria is largely agricultural, with high quality timber being one of its most important products.

Western Equatoria is home of the Azande people, the third largest tribes in South Sudan.[1]

Government[edit]

  • Governor: Col Joseph Bakosoro
  • Deputy Governor : Sapana Abui
  • Secretary General for the Government: Simon Bakama
  • Deputy Secretary General: Benjamin Commander Gayos
  • Minister of Finance, Trade & Industry: John Russie
  • Minister of Labor Public servvice and Human Reource: Jackcilia Ebere Salatier
  • Minister of Commerce, Trade and Investment: Simon Ngbidigi
  • Minister of Local Government & Law Enforcement: Daniel Zingifuaboro
  • Minister of Education, Science & Technology: Hon. Phillip Pia
  • Minister of Health:DR. John Gbono
  • Minister of Iformation and Communication: Charles Barnaba Kisanga
  • Minister of Agriculture, Animal Resource and Forestry (MAAF): West Yugulle
  • Minister of Gender,Child and Social Welfare: Jenifer Dawa
  • Minister Physical Infrastructure and Public Utilities: Clement Mbugoniwia
  • Minister of Youth and Sports: Gibson Bullen wande

Advisors[edit]

  • Political Affairs: Mathias Onji
  • Security Affairs: Samuel Bati
  • Local Government: Joseph Sabun

Chairpersons of Commissions[edit]

  • Employees Justice Chamber,Angelo Bakote Mboringba
  • Civil Service Commission: Awad Kisanga Said
  • Public Grievance Chamber: Philip Ayub Gaza
  • Land Commission: Alfred Riruyo

State Assembly Business Committees[edit]

  • Speaker: Mr.James Bage
  • Deputy Speaker: Hana Lona Bona

County Commissioners[edit]

  • Yambio County: Hon. John Elia Kuzee
  • Nzara County: Hon. Elia Box
  • Ezo County: Hon. Mudie
  • Tombura County: Hon. Charles Babiro
  • Nagero County: Hon. Minialla Joseph Mark
  • Ibba County: Hon. Nagomoro Bridget
  • Maridi County: Hon. Wilson Thomas
  • Mundri-East: Hon. Lieutenant Colonel Wilson Api
  • Mundri-West: Hon. Lexon Mabrouk
  • Mvolo County: Hon. James Abdullahai

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gurtong Azande Retrieved: 22 September 2010