Gharm

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Gharm
Gharm is located in Tajikistan
Gharm
Gharm
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°01′N 70°23′E / 39.017°N 70.383°E / 39.017; 70.383
Country Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Province Region of Republican Subordination
Elevation 1,355 m (4,446 ft)
Time zone UTC+5

Gharm (Tajik: Ғарм, alternative spellings Garm and Gharm) is a district in the Rasht Valley area of central Tajikistan.

From the 1920s until 1955 there was a Gharm Oblast in Tajikistan, which included the territory of the current Gharm Valley. Gharm is also the former name of the Rasht District in central Tajikistan.

History[edit]

During the 1920s Gharm was a hotbed for the Basmachi, the anti-Soviet resistance in Central Asia. In 1929 Basmachi commander Faizal Maksum crossed from Afghanistan into Tajikistan and briefly captured Gharm, only to later be expelled by Soviet forces.[1][2]

Gharm Stadium in the south of the town.

During the Civil War in Tajikistan from 1992-1997, Gharm was a hotbed for the opposition force, and the town was controlled by the opposition during the later part of the civil war in Tajikistan. In October 2010, the Tajik Interior Ministry asserted it had killed three militants on the outskirts of Gharm amid an alleged rise in Islamic militancy in the region.[3][4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gharm
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(34)
6
(43)
13
(55)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
14
(57)
9
(48)
3
(37)
11
(52)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(25)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 24
(0.94)
30
(1.18)
51
(2.01)
36
(1.42)
21
(0.83)
6
(0.24)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
18
(0.71)
39
(1.54)
253
(9.96)
Avg. precipitation days 7 8 9 7 5 4 3 2 1 5 5 9 65
Source: World Weather Online[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ritter, William S (1990). "Revolt in the Mountains: Fuzail Maksum and the Occupation of Garm, Spring 1929". Journal of Contemporary History 25: 547. doi:10.1177/002200949002500408. 
  2. ^ Ritter, William S (1985). "The Final Phase in the Liquidation of Anti-Soviet Resistance in Tadzhikistan: Ibrahim Bek and the Basmachi, 1924-31". Soviet Studies 37 (4). doi:10.1080/09668138508411604. 
  3. ^ "Tajikistan says restive east is under control". BBC News. 18 October 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.rferl.org/content/Tajikistan_Says_Kills_Three_Suspected_Islamist_Militants/2193377.html
  5. ^ "Gharm Monthly Climate Average, Tajikistan". Retrieved 2014-08-10. 

Coordinates: 39°01′N 70°23′E / 39.017°N 70.383°E / 39.017; 70.383