Ghazanchetsots Cathedral

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Ghazanchetsots Cathedral
Սուրբ Ամենափրկիչ Ղազանչեցոց Եկեղեցի
Katedrála Krista Spasitele, Šuši.jpg
The newly restored Cathedral of Ghazanchetsots and the belltower.
Ghazanchetsots Cathedral is located in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Ghazanchetsots Cathedral
Location within the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Basic information
Location Shushi,
Azerbaijan (de jure)
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Unrecognized country) (de facto)
Geographic coordinates 39°45′32″N 46°44′52″E / 39.758819°N 46.747883°E / 39.758819; 46.747883Coordinates: 39°45′32″N 46°44′52″E / 39.758819°N 46.747883°E / 39.758819; 46.747883
Affiliation Christianity
Rite Armenian Apostolic Church
Architectural description
Architectural style Armenian
Groundbreaking 1868
Completed 1887

Ghazanchetsots Cathedral (Armenian: Ղազանչեցոց Եկեղեցի), also known as the Cathedral of Christ the Holy Savior (Ղազանչեցոց Սուրբ Ամենափրկիչ Մայր Տաճար) and the Shushi Cathedral (Շուշիի Մայր Տաճար), is an Armenian church located in Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh.

History[edit]

Ruins of the Armenian half of Shushi after the city's destruction by Azerbaijani army in March 1920. In the center: the defaced cathedral.

Ghazanchetsots Cathedral was built between 1868 and 1887 and has a facade of white limestone.[1] Its architect, Simon Ter-Hakobyan, intended the church to resemble Etchmiadzin Cathedral. In front of the west entrance is a freestanding three-story bell tower, constructed in 1858. Large statues of angels blowing trumpets stood at each corner of the bell tower's second story. However, they were destroyed during the Nagorno-Karabakh War when Shusha was under Azeri control.[2]

The cathedral has seen a number of uses over the years. Its use as a functioning church ended after the Shusha pogrom of 1920. During the Soviet period it was used as a granary, and then as a garage. During the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Azerbaijani forces used the cathedral as a GRAD munitions storehouse until May 1992,[3] when Shusha was captured by Armenian forces. In the years after that capture the church was repaired and renovated. Replica angel statues were made to replace the destroyed originals; an image of one forms part of the coat-of-arms of Shusha. In 1998 it was re-consecrated as a church, and now serves as the main cathedral and headquarters of the Armenian Apostolic Church's Diocese of Artsakh.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hasratyan, Murad M. Շուշի (Shushi). Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. vol. viii. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1982, p. 601.
  2. ^ Hasratyan, Murad and Zaven Sargsyan. Armenia: 1700 Years of Christian Architecture. Yerevan: Mughni Publishing, 2001. p. 234.
  3. ^ De Waal, Thomas. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press, 2003, pp. 179-180, 190. ISBN 0-8147-1944-9.
  4. ^ Hasratyan and Sargsyan. Armenia, p. 234.