Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
|Nickname(s): kingdom of Gurjars|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Teluram Kamboj|
|• Total||210 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|Population (2011 census provisional data)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 14|
Ghaziabad (Hindustani pronunciation: [ɣaːziːaːbaːd̪]) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. sometimes referred to as the "Gateway of UP" because it neighbours New Delhi and is the main route to Uttar Pradesh. It is a part of the National Capital Region of Delhi. It is a large and planned industrial city, well connected by roads and railways, and is the administrative headquarters of Ghaziabad District as well as being the primary commercial, industrial and educational centre of western Uttar Pradesh. Recent construction works have led to the city being described by a City Mayors Foundation survey as the second-fastest growing in the world. Situated in the Upper Gangetic Plains, the city has two major divisions separated by the Hindon River, namely: Trans-Hindon on the west and Cis-Hindon on the east side. It is known for its high crime rate and for being the most polluted city in Uttar Pradesh. The city has Shri Dudheshwar Nath Mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Ghaziabad is situated about 2.5 km from the Hindon river. On the north it is bound by the district of Meerut, on the south by that of Bulandshahar and Gautambudh Nagar, on the south-west by Delhi and on the east by the newly formed district of Hapur. As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance to Uttar Pradesh and hence is also called the Gateway of Uttar Pradesh.
The provisional data derived from the 2011 census shows that Ghaziabad urban agglomeration had a population of 2,358,525, of which males were 1,256,783 and females were 1,101,742. The literacy rate was 93.81 per cent. Ghaziabad is a subcategory B1 district of category B i.e. having socioeconomic parameters below the national average. Among the significant areas within the city are Shalimar Garden, Turab Nagar, Indirapuram, Raj Nagar Extension, Loni, India and Crossings Republik.
As it is connected to the national capital, its temperature and rainfall are similar to Delhi. Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas, Kumaon and Garhwal hills name their impact in the weather regularly. The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it rains until October. As in other districts of northern India mainly three seasons - summer, winter and rainy - prevail here, but sometimes due to severe snowfall in the Himalayas and Kumaon Hills, adverse weather can also seen.
|Climate data for Ghaziabad|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||20.3
|Source: Ghaziabad Weather|
Ghaziabad was given the status of a municipal corporation (nagar nigam) on 31 August 1994. Administratively the city is divided into five areas: the City zone, the Kavi Nagar zone, the Vijay Nagar zone, the Mohan Nagar zone and the Vasundhara zone. Jal Nigam is the prime authority which deals with water supply and sewerage works in Ghaziabad. Rajnath Singh, National Party President of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is the Member of Parliament from the city. He was first elected to that post in 2009.Assembly Seats which come under Ghaziabad (Lok Sabha constituency) are Loni, India, Muradnagar, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad and Dhaulana
Real estate hub
A proposal has been made to widen National Highway 24 (NH-24) from six to eight lanes on the stretch between the Ghaziabad-Delhi border and Dasna. As a large number of residential and commercial projects are coming up along the highway. Some major developers which have invested heavily on NH-24 are SARE, Mahagun, Antriksh, Crossings Republik, Ansal, Wave etc. Places on NH-24 and National Highway 58 are flourishing as residential options to the capital because of their proximity to Delhi.
Automobiles industries and hubs
Ghaziabad is a hub of automobile market.Following companies have their dealership store in ghaziabad.
- Mercedes Benz
- Ashok Leyland
- Maruti Suzuki
- Royal Enfield
Ghaziabad can be reached by air, road and rail. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport which is about 45 km away. By road, Ghaziabad is well-connected on all sides to Delhi, NOIDA, Hapur, Modinagar, Bulandshahr, Meerut, Saharanpur, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon every day for work.
There are bus terminals at Mohan Nagar, Lohia Nagar, Loni, Vasundhara and close to Meerut Road from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over the state. The Anand Vihar bus terminal of DTC is located on city's border. There is a bus terminal for private bus operators near ALT Center, Raj Nagar which is called ALT Bus Stand.
Ghaziabad is a railway junction and several lines pass through the city. The main railway station is situated in the middle of the city. Apart from Ghaziabad railway station (Station Code-GZB), city also has, New Ghaziabad Railway Station (Station Code-GZN), Sahibabad Railway Station (Station Code-SBB), Mahrauli Railway Station (Station Code-MFH), Adhyatmik Nagar Halt Railway Station (Station Code-AKNR) and Guldhar Railway Station (Station Code-GUH). The city is well connected to Delhi and other neighbouring cities through Fast Moving Local Trains called EMU. Several trains connect Ghaziabad to Meerut, Aligarh, Delhi, New Delhi, Faridabad, Palwal, Mathura, Allahabad, Indore, Ujjain, Loni and others.
- Delhi Metro
The Delhi Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station which is situated at the Apsara Border on the outskirts of the city. At present it serves the areas of Shalimar Garden and other neighbouring colonies. This line will be further extended to Old Bus Stand, Ghaziabad by 2014. Another station exists at Vaishali, which serves that area as well as Vasundhara and Indirapuram, and there is also a station at Kaushambi. There are plans to extend the Blue Line Metro to Indirapuram and loni complete the Blue Line Circle by 2017.l
There are a number of private and government engineering, post-graduate, law colleges and management institutes in Ghaziabad. Some notable examples are Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Krishna Institute of Engineering and Technology, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, Babu Banarsi Das Institute of Technology and Modinagar Institute of Technology Schools in Ghaziabad notably include Delhi Public School, DAV Public School Ghaziabad, Ingraham Institute, Bal Bharati Public School and St. Mary's Convent School.
- Arvind Kejriwal (former Chief Minister of Delhi)
- Suresh Raina (Indian Cricketer)
- Donald Crowhurst (British businessman and amateur sailor)
- Rajnath Singh (Bharatiya Janata Party President)
- Rajkumar gurjar phalwan ( Major dhaychand awarded for lifetime achievements and asian gold medliest)
- mahendra foji gurjar (most powerful gangester of delhi ncr and india at 1980s and 1990s )
Zilla Ghaziabad, a movie released in 2013, is set in the city, and portrays the organised crime and gang wars of the 1980s and early 1990s, which dominated the social backdrop of the city during that period.
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- "Project for widening of 20km stretch on NH-24 scrapped". The Times of India. 29 May 2011.
- Uttar Pradesh Water Supply & Sewerage Act, 1975. "Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam".
- Das, Ayaskant (7 February 2012). "Rajnath Singh will contest again from Ghaziabad Lok Sabha seat". The Times of India.
- "Make NH-24 eight-lane to ease mess: Akhilesh Yadav". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- A K Tiwary, ET Bureau Sep 9, 2011, 08.02am IST (2011-09-09). "Ghaziabad real estate thriving along two national highways - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Ghaziabad boards Metro for first traffic-free ride to work". Indian Express. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "Ghaziabad ePaper| Hindi ePaper Ghaziabad- Dainik Jagran". Epaper.jagran.com. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghaziabad.|
- Ghaziabad District Administration
- Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh travel guide from Wikivoyage
- City Mayors Survey
- Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections
- Ghaziabad Assembly Elections
- Ghaziabad Traffic Police
- Ghaziabad Online Portal