Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh

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Ghaziabad
ग़ाज़ियाबाद
Gaziabad, Ghaziuddinnagar
City
Nickname(s): kingdom of Gurjars
Ghaziabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Ghaziabad
Ghaziabad
Coordinates: 28°40′N 77°25′E / 28.67°N 77.42°E / 28.67; 77.42Coordinates: 28°40′N 77°25′E / 28.67°N 77.42°E / 28.67; 77.42
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Ghaziabad District
Founded by Ghazi-ud-din
Named for Ghazi-ud-din
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Teluram Kamboj
Area
 • Total 210 km2 (80 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (2011 census provisional data)
 • Total 2,358,525
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Demonym Ghaziabadi
Languages
 • Official Hindi Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 201 xxx
Telephone code 91-120
Vehicle registration UP 14
Website http://www.nagarnigamghaziabad.com

Ghaziabad (Hindustani pronunciation: [ɣaːziːaːbaːd̪]) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. sometimes referred to as the "Gateway of UP" because it neighbours New Delhi and is the main route to Uttar Pradesh.[1] It is a part of the National Capital Region of Delhi.[2] It is a large and planned industrial city, well connected by roads and railways, and is the administrative headquarters of Ghaziabad District as well as being the primary commercial, industrial and educational centre of western Uttar Pradesh.[3] Recent construction works have led to the city being described by a City Mayors Foundation survey as the second-fastest growing in the world.[4][5] Situated in the Upper Gangetic Plains, the city has two major divisions separated by the Hindon River, namely: Trans-Hindon on the west and Cis-Hindon on the east side.[6] It is known for its high crime rate[7][8][9] and for being the most polluted city in Uttar Pradesh.[10] The city has Shri Dudheshwar Nath Mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Geography[edit]

Ghaziabad is situated about 2.5 km from the Hindon river. On the north it is bound by the district of Meerut, on the south by that of Bulandshahar and Gautambudh Nagar, on the south-west by Delhi and on the east by the newly formed district of Hapur. As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance to Uttar Pradesh and hence is also called the Gateway of Uttar Pradesh.

Demographics[edit]

The provisional data derived from the 2011 census shows that Ghaziabad urban agglomeration had a population of 2,358,525, of which males were 1,256,783 and females were 1,101,742. The literacy rate was 93.81 per cent.[11] Ghaziabad is a subcategory B1 district of category B i.e. having socioeconomic parameters below the national average.[12] Among the significant areas within the city are Shalimar Garden, Turab Nagar, Indirapuram, Raj Nagar Extension, Loni, India and Crossings Republik.[13]Ghaziabad's 20 lakh voters are split between four lakh Muslims, an equal number of Dalits, about 2.6 lakh Vaishyas and 2.5lakh Rajputs.[14] 230 villages in the constituency are Rajput dominated. [15][16]

Climate[edit]

As it is connected to the national capital, its temperature and rainfall are similar to Delhi. Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas, Kumaon and Garhwal hills name their impact in the weather regularly. The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it rains until October. As in other districts of northern India mainly three seasons - summer, winter and rainy - prevail here, but sometimes due to severe snowfall in the Himalayas and Kumaon Hills, adverse weather can also seen.

Climate data for Ghaziabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
29
(84)
36
(97)
39
(102)
38
(100)
34
(93)
33
(91)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
23
(73)
30.9
(87.4)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
18.7
(65.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.799)
20.3
(0.799)
15.2
(0.598)
20.3
(0.799)
25.4
(1)
71.1
(2.799)
236.2
(9.299)
236.2
(9.299)
114.3
(4.5)
17.8
(0.701)
10.2
(0.402)
10.2
(0.402)
797.5
(31.397)
Source: Ghaziabad Weather

Administration[edit]

Ghaziabad was given the status of a municipal corporation (nagar nigam) on 31 August 1994.[6] Administratively the city is divided into five areas: the City zone, the Kavi Nagar zone, the Vijay Nagar zone, the Mohan Nagar zone and the Vasundhara zone.[6] Jal Nigam is the prime authority which deals with water supply and sewerage works in Ghaziabad.[17] Rajnath Singh, National Party President of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is the Member of Parliament from the city. He was first elected to that post in 2009.Assembly Seats which come under Ghaziabad (Lok Sabha constituency) are Loni, India, Muradnagar, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad and Dhaulana[18]

Economy[edit]

Kaushambi Housing Society
Indirapuram

Real estate hub[edit]

A proposal has been made to widen National Highway 24 (NH-24) from six to eight lanes on the stretch between the Ghaziabad-Delhi border and Dasna. As a large number of residential and commercial projects are coming up along the highway.[19] Some major developers which have invested heavily on NH-24 are SARE, Mahagun, Antriksh, Crossings Republik, Ansal, Wave etc. Places on NH-24 and National Highway 58 are flourishing as residential options to the capital because of their proximity to Delhi.[20]

Automobiles industries and hubs[edit]

Ghaziabad is a hub of automobile market.Following companies have their dealership store in ghaziabad.

  • BMW
  • Mercedes Benz
  • Audi
  • Volkswagen
  • Ashok Leyland
  • Bajaj
  • DC
  • Eicher
  • Escorts
  • Force
  • Hero
  • Hindustan
  • Mahindra
  • Maruti Suzuki
  • Royal Enfield
  • Swaraj
  • Tata
  • TVS
  • Ford
  • Fiat
  • Renault
  • Hyundai
  • Honda
  • Toyota
  • Nissan
  • Skoda
  • Yamaha

Transport[edit]

Ghaziabad can be reached by air, road and rail. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport which is about 45 km away. By road, Ghaziabad is well-connected on all sides to Delhi, NOIDA, Hapur, Modinagar, Bulandshahr, Meerut, Saharanpur, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon every day for work.

  • Bus

There are bus terminals at Mohan Nagar, Lohia Nagar, Loni, Vasundhara and close to Meerut Road from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over the state. The Anand Vihar bus terminal of DTC is located on city's border. There is a bus terminal for private bus operators near ALT Center, Raj Nagar which is called ALT Bus Stand.

  • Rail

Ghaziabad is a railway junction and several lines pass through the city. The main railway station is situated in the middle of the city. Apart from Ghaziabad railway station (Station Code-GZB), city also has, New Ghaziabad Railway Station (Station Code-GZN), Sahibabad Railway Station (Station Code-SBB), Mahrauli Railway Station (Station Code-MFH), Adhyatmik Nagar Halt Railway Station (Station Code-AKNR) and Guldhar Railway Station (Station Code-GUH). The city is well connected to Delhi and other neighbouring cities through Fast Moving Local Trains called EMU. Several trains connect Ghaziabad to Meerut, Aligarh, Delhi, New Delhi, Faridabad, Palwal, Mathura, Allahabad, Indore, Ujjain, Loni and others.

  • Delhi Metro

The Delhi Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station which is situated at the Apsara Border on the outskirts of the city. At present it serves the areas of Shalimar Garden and other neighbouring colonies. This line will be further extended to Old Bus Stand, Ghaziabad by 2014.[citation needed] Another station exists at Vaishali, which serves that area as well as Vasundhara and Indirapuram, and there is also a station at Kaushambi.[21] There are plans to extend the Blue Line Metro to Indirapuram and loni complete the Blue Line Circle by 2017.l[22]

Education[edit]

There are a number of private and government engineering, post-graduate, law colleges and management institutes in Ghaziabad. Some notable examples are Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Krishna Institute of Engineering and Technology, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, Babu Banarsi Das Institute of Technology and Modinagar Institute of Technology[23] Schools in Ghaziabad notably include Delhi Public School, DAV Public School Ghaziabad, Ingraham Institute, Bal Bharati Public School and St. Mary's Convent School.

Notable people[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Zilla Ghaziabad, a movie released in 2013, is set in the city, and portrays the organised crime and gang wars of the 1980s and early 1990s, which dominated the social backdrop of the city during that period.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ghaziabad Nagar Nigam". 
  2. ^ "National Capital Region- Constituent Areas". NCRPB. 
  3. ^ "District and Sessions Court Ghaziabad- History". NIC. 
  4. ^ "Business:". 17 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. 
  5. ^ Ghaziabad was first listed in early 2010 as # 420 by size. "The largest cities in the world and their mayors: Cities ranked 301 to 450". City Mayors. Archived from the original on 9 March 2010. , current listings: "World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". City Mayors. 
  6. ^ a b c "Ghaziabad Nagar Nigam: About Us". Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Vikram, Kumar (16 December 2012). "North News: Gangs of Ghaziabad! When it comes to 'gun power', civilians in Ghaziabad beat cops hands down". India Today. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Jahagirdar, Archana (5 July 2006). "Ghaziabad has long way to go". Times Of India. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Chakraborty, Tapas (6 August 2012). "20km from Delhi, a ‘child kidnap capital’". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Times of India: Latest News India, World & Business News, Cricket & Sports, Bollywood". The Times Of India. 
  11. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "Meeting of Empowered Committee". Minutes of the Meeting Report. Government of India. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Project for widening of 20km stretch on NH-24 scrapped". The Times of India. 29 May 2011. 
  14. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-vk-singh-a-soldier-goes-electioneering-1972498
  15. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-vk-singh-a-soldier-goes-electioneering-1972498
  16. ^ http://www.asianage.com/india/charan-singh-s-ajagur-reviving-302
  17. ^ Uttar Pradesh Water Supply & Sewerage Act, 1975. "Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam". 
  18. ^ Das, Ayaskant (7 February 2012). "Rajnath Singh will contest again from Ghaziabad Lok Sabha seat". The Times of India. 
  19. ^ "Make NH-24 eight-lane to ease mess: Akhilesh Yadav". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  20. ^ A K Tiwary, ET Bureau Sep 9, 2011, 08.02am IST (2011-09-09). "Ghaziabad real estate thriving along two national highways - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  21. ^ "Ghaziabad boards Metro for first traffic-free ride to work". Indian Express. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  22. ^ "Ghaziabad ePaper| Hindi ePaper Ghaziabad- Dainik Jagran". Epaper.jagran.com. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  23. ^ http://www.miteducation.org/

External links[edit]