Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
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|— City —|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Teluram Kamboj|
|• Total||210 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|Population (2011 census provisional data)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 ( 29,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 14|
Ghaziabad (Hindustani pronunciation: [ɣaːziːaːbaːd̪]) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is 19 km east of Delhi and 46 km southwest of Meerut. The city houses the headquarters of the Ghaziabad district. It is a large industrial city well-connected by roads and railways. Ghaziabad has been tagged the second fastest growing city in the world due to the construction boom it has been experiencing off-late, by a City Mayors Foundation survey. Situated in the Upper Gangetic Plains, the city has two major divisions separated by the Hindon River, namely: Trans-Hindon on the west and Cis-Hindon on the east side. It is known for its high crime rate.
Ghaziabad was founded in 1740 by Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar after himself and built a spacious structure consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. After the opening the railway line the name of the place was shortened to Ghaziabad. As it's boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the Gateway of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad district, carved out of Meerut district in 14/11/1976. Ghaziabad become Municipal Corporation on 31 August 1994 .The district of Ghaziabad is situated in the middle of Ganga-Yamuna doab.
Ghaziabad is situated about 2.5 km from the Hindon river. On the north it is bound by the district of Meerut, on the south by that of Bulandshahar and Gautambudh Nagar, on the south-west by Delhi and on the east by the newly formed district of Hapur. As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance to Uttar Pradesh and hence is also called the Gateway of Uttar Pradesh.
Hindon, a tributary of the Yamuna River, originating in the Upper Shivaliks is the main river flowing through the city. The Upper Ganges Canal flows through the northern part of the city, catering to the irrigation and drinking water needs of people of Ghaziabad and Delhi. The total municipal area of the city is 210 km2.
The provisional data derived from the 2011 census shows that Ghaziabad urban agglomeration had a population of 2,358,525, of which males were 1,256,783 and females were 1,101,742. The literacy rate was 93.81 per cent. Ghaziabad is a subcategory B1 district of category B, i.e. having socio-economic parameters below the national average. Suresh Bansal is the local MLA of Ghaziabad.
As it is connected to National capital Delhi, its temperature and rainfall are similar to Delhi. Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas, Kumaon and Garhwal hills name their impact in the weather regularly. The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it rains until October.
As in other districts of northern India mainly three seasons- summer, winter and rainy prevail here but sometimes due to severe snowfall in the Himalayas and Kumaon Hills adverse weather can also seen.
|Climate data for Ghaziabad|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||20.3
|Source: Ghaziabad Weather|
Ghaziabad was given the status of a municipal corporation (nagar nigam) on 31 August 1994. Administravitely the city is divided into five areas: the City zone, the Kavi Nagar zone, the Vijay Nagar zone, the Mohan Nagar zone and the Vasundhara zone.
Jal Nigam is the prime authority which deals with water supply and sewerage works in Ghaziabad.
Due to its strategic location, it has been under tight security in recent times. Rajnath Singh, National Party President of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is the Member of Parliament from the city. He was first elected to that post in 2009.
There are manufacturers of railway wagons at Modern Industry, Sahibabad, and Indian Railways has an Electric Locomotive & EMU Car Maintenance Shed in the city. The Shed is one of the largest and most modern. Other industries include the manufacture of diesel engines, electroplating, bicycles, picture tubes, tapestries, glassware, pottery, vegetable oil, paint and varnish, heavy chains, automobile pistons and rings, steel pharmaceuticals, and liquor.. Some major industrial houses in Ghaziabad are Dabur India Ltd, Atlas Cycle Limited, Tractor India Limited , Allied Nippon Limited, Bajaj Machines Private Limited, LG Electronics India,Punjab Bevel Gears Limited etc. Sahibabad industrial area is a major industrial area in Delhi NCR.
Real Estate Hub
The recent Samajwadi Party govt is working hard to put Ghaziabad on reality destination hub. UP chief minister Akhilesh Yadav proposed and sought funds of Rs. 350 crore for the widening project to make the highway six-lane — the stretch between the Ghaziabad-Delhi border and Dasna to be reworked to make it eight-lane. As a large number of residential and commercial projects are coming up along the highway. Some major developers which have invested heavily on National Highway 24 (India) are SARE, Mahagun, Antriksh , Crossings Republik, Ansal, Wave etc. Places on NH-24 and National Highway 58 (India) are flourishing as residential options to the capital because of their proximity to Delhi. Indirapuram and Crossings Republik are the two big sub cities of Ghaziabad. Other places on real estate development in Ghaziabad are Vasundhra, Raj Nagar Extension,Sanjay Nagar District Centre (Commercial Hub on main ALT Road), Kavi Nagar and Vaishali 
Ghaziabad can be reached by air, road and rail. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International airport which is about 45 km away. By road, Ghaziabad is well-connected on all sides to Delhi, NOIDA, Hapur, Modinagar, Bulandshahr, Meerut, Saharanpur, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon every day for work. But all people faces pathetic traffic condition every day from ghaziabad to other places or vise-versa.
There are bus terminals at Mohan Nagar, Lohia Nagar, Loni, Vasundhara and close to Meerut Road from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over the state. The Anand Vihar bus terminal of DTC is located on city's border. There is a bus terminal for Private bus operators near ALT Center, Raj Nagar which is called ALT Bus Stand.
Ghaziabad is a railway junction and several lines pass through the city. The main railway station is situated in the middle of the city. Apart from Ghaziabad Junction Station (Station Code-GZB), city also has Sahibabad Railway Station (Station Code-SBB), Mahrauli Railway Station (Station Code-MFH), Adhyatmik Nagar Halt Railway Station (Station Code-AKNR), New Ghaziabad Railway Station (Station Code-GZN) and Guldhar Railway Station (Station Code-GUH). The city is well connected to Delhi and other neighbouring cities through Fast Moving Local Trains called EMU. Several trains connect Ghaziabad to Meerut, Aligarh, Delhi, New Delhi, Faridabad, Palwal, Mathura, Allahabad, Indore, Ujjain, Loni and others.
- Delhi Metro
The Delhi Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station which is situated at the Apsara Border on the outskirts of the city. At present it serves the areas of Shalimar Garden and other neighbouring colonies. This line will be further extended to Old Bus Stand, Ghaziabad by 2014. Another station exists at Vaishali, which serves that area as well as Vasundhara and Indirapuram, and there is also a station at Kaushambi. There are plans to extend the Blue Line Metro to Indirapuram and loni complete the Blue Line Circle by 2017.l
There are a number of private and government engineering, post-graduate, law colleges and management institutes in Ghaziabad. There are about 80-100 medical, dental, pharmacy colleges, and physiotherapy institutes. Some notable examples are Inderprastha Dental College, ABES Engineering College, Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, Ideal Institute of Technology, Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Krishna Institute Of Engineering And Technology, Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, Hi-Tech Institute of Engineering & Technology, Vivekanand Institute Of Technology And Science and Lord Krishna College Of Engineering. Schools in Ghaziabad notably include
- New adarsh senior secondry public school (tilla shavajpur)
- Delhi Public School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya
- Ryan International School
- DAV Public School
- Khathan public school
- Cambridge school
- DLF public school
- St. Marry school
- St.joseph school
- St.paul acadmy
- Dehradun public school
- Faith acadmy school
- Manarovar public school
- Dayanand public school
- Bharti national public school
- Vivekanand public school
- Vidya bharti school
- DAV centenary public school
- Green fields public school
- Konark public school
- Holy child acadmy
- DDPS school
- Silver line school
- Delhi public school
- Fatma convent school
- MAF acadmy
- Rajesh Pilot
- Kumar Vishwas
- Durga Bhabhi
- Donald Crowhurst (noted British businessman and amateur sailor)
- Surendra Prakash Goyal (politician)
- Suresh Raina (cricketer)
- Sudeep Tyagi (cricketer)
- Lara Dutta (actress, born in Ghaziabad)
- Rajnath Singh (National President,Bhartiy Janta Party)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
Ghaziabad is a part of the satellite area of Delhi therefore most of the newspapers, TV channels and radio channels are the same as for Delhi. Television channels are available through the cable TV network, City Cable being the largest operator.
"Film City" Noida is just a few miles from the city.
Hint serves as the one of the local newspaper. The Hint group also runs Hint Radio 90.4 serving as the local community radio station.
Zilla Ghaziabad, a movie set to release in 2013, is set in the city, and portrays the organised crime and gang wars of the 1980s and early 1990s, which dominated the social backdrop of the city during that period.
- Dholakia, Viral (17 November 2011). "India houses 11 of !". Trak.in, Indian Business Blog. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011.
- "Business:". 2011-11-17. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011.
- Ghaziabad was first listed in early 2010 as # 420 by size. "The largest cities in the world and their mayors: Cities ranked 301 to 450". City Mayors. Archived from the original on 9 March 2010., current listings: "World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". City Mayors.
- "Ghaziabad Nagar Nigam: About Us". Archived from the original on 1 February 2013.
- Vikram, Kumar (2012-12-16). "North News: Gangs of Ghaziabad! When it comes to 'gun power', civilians in Ghaziabad beat cops hands down". India Today. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012.
- Jahagirdar, Archana (2006-07-05). "Ghaziabad has long way to go". Times Of India. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Chakraborty, Tapas (2012-08-06). "20km from Delhi, a ‘child kidnap capital’". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Meeting of Empowered Committee". Minutes of the Meeting Report. Government of India. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- Uttar Pradesh Water Supply & Sewerage Act, 1975. "Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam".
- Das, Ayaskant (7 February 2012). "Rajnath Singh will contest again from Ghaziabad Lok Sabha seat". The Times of India.
- "Project for widening of 20km stretch on NH-24 scrapped". The Times of India. May 29, 2011.
- "Ghaziabad boards Metro for first traffic-free ride to work". Indian Express. 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Ghaziabad ePaper| Hindi ePaper Ghaziabad- Dainik Jagran". Epaper.jagran.com. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ghaziabad|
- Ghaziabad District Administration
- City Mayors Survey
- Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections
- Ghaziabad Assembly Elections
- Ghaziabad Traffic Police
- Ghaziabad Online Portal