Ghazipur District (Hindi: ग़ाज़ीपुर ज़िला, Urdu: غازیپور ضلعGhāzīpur Zilā) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Ghazipur is the district headquarters. The district is part of Varanasi Division. The region of Ghazipur is mainly famous for production of its unique rose scented Spray called Gulab Jal and for the tomb of famous Viceroy of British India Lord Cornwallis who died here and his tomb which is situated in Western part of City is conserved by Archeological Survey of India.The opium factory "Government Opium and Alkaloid works" situated in Ghazipur city is the biggest opium factory of Asia.
According to the 2011 census Ghazipur district has a population of 3,622,727, roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania or the US state of Oklahoma. This gives it a ranking of 79th in India (out of a total of 640). Out of the total population males are 1,856,584 and females are 1,766,143. The area of the district is 3,378 km2 and it constitute 1.82% of the population of uttar pradesh. It has a population density of 1,072 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,780/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.26%. Ghazipur has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.27%(higher than the national average of 74.04%). Male literacy is 85.77% and female literacy is 62.29%. 92.44% of the total population is rural and 7.56% is urban. Out of the total population of 3,622,727, rural population is 3,348,855 and urban population is 273,872. Average literacy of rural population is 73.62% and that of urban population is 82.05%.