A map showing Gheg speakers in green
Gheg (or Geg) is one of the two major varieties of Albanian. The other one is Tosk, on which standard Albanian is based. The dividing line between these two varieties is the Shkumbin River, which winds its way through central Albania.
Gheg is spoken in Northern Albania, Kosovo[a], northwestern Republic of Macedonia, southern Montenegro and Serbia. It is also spoken in parts of Sicily and southern Italy.
There are still some authors who write in Gheg.
Gheg does not have any official status as a written language in any country. Publications in Kosovo and Macedonia are in standard Albanian, which is based on Tosk.
Gheg has several dialects, notably:
Main article: Southern Gheg
- Eastern Gheg (Peshkopi, Debar, Tetovo, Kičevo, Gostivar, Veles, Prilep)
- Northeastern Gheg (Skopje, Kumanovo, Kačanik, Dragaš, Gnjilane, Preševo, Bujanovac)
- Northern Gheg (Pristina, Kosovska Mitrovica, Podujevo, Medveđa and former Albanian-populated territories of Niš Sanjak (Niš, Vranje, Toplica District)).
- Northwestern Gheg (Shkodër, Vermosh, Selcë, Vukël, Lëpushë, Nikç, Tamarë, Tuzi, Ulcinj, Bar, Plav, Gusinje, Peć, Đakovica, Prizren)
The Italian linguist Carlo Tagliavini puts the Gheg of Kosovo and Macedonia in Eastern Gheg.
Assimilations are common in Gheg, but are not part of the Albanian literary language which only follows Tosk Albanian.
||This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (October 2013)
||õ (some dialects)
- Martin Camaj (1984), Albanian grammar, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
- Carlo Tagliavini (1942), Le parlate albanesi di tipo Ghego orientale: Dardania e Macedonia nord-occidentale,