Pioneer Woolen Mills and D. Ghirardelli Company
Ghirardelli Square Fountain
|Location:||San Francisco, CA|
|Architect:||Mooser,William S., Sr.; Mooser,William S.|
|Architectural style:||No Style Listed|
|NRHP Reference#:||82002249 |
|Added to NRHP:||April 29, 1982|
Ghirardelli Square is a landmark with shops and restaurants in the Fisherman's Wharf area of San Francisco, California, USA. A portion of the area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Pioneer Woolen Mills and D. Ghirardelli Company.
Ghirardelli Square once featured over 40 specialty shops and restaurants. Some of the original shops and restaurants still occupy the square.
Ghirardelli Square is[when?] undergoing an extensive renovation. Many of the specialty shops have closed or moved to other locations (inside or outside the square). In the main plaza there are new shops and restaurants. The square also recently opened a new children's day care center, Peekadoodle Kids' Club. Notably, Gary Danko will soon open a second restaurant within walking distance of his original San Francisco eatery. This new restaurant will be in the Mustard Building along with the Fairmont Heritage Place which occupies the original factory space (the Chocolate, Cocoa and Mustard Buildings) as well as the top floors of the Clock Tower and Woolen Mill buildings.
In 1893, Domingo Ghirardelli purchased the entire city block in order to make it into the headquarters of the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company. In the early 1960s, the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company was bought by the Golden Grain Macaroni Company which moved the headquarters off-site to San Leandro and put the square up for sale.
San Franciscan William Roth and his mother bought the land in 1962 to prevent the square from being replaced with an apartment building. The Roths hired landscape architect Lawrence Halprin and the firm Wurster, Bernardi & Emmons to convert the square and its historic brick structures to an integrated restaurant and retail complex, the first major adaptive re-use project in the United States. It opened in 1964. In 1965, Benjamin Thompson and Associates renovated the lower floor of the Clock Tower, keeping the existing architectural elements, for a Design Research store. Design Research was since purchased by Crate & Barrel and Pottery Barn, while the lower floors of the Clock Tower are now home to Ghirardelli Square's main chocolate shop.
In order to preserve Ghirardelli Square for future generations, the Pioneer Woolen Mills and D. Ghirardelli Company was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
Additional Occupants 
- McCormick & Kuleto's Seafood Restaurant - William Wurster Building
- Cellar360 wine shop - Woolen Mill Building
- (CLOSED) Ana Mandara Vietnamese Restaurant - Power House Building
See also 
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2006-03-15.
- "City of San Francisco Designated Landmarks". City of San Francisco. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- San Francisco Business Journal, 27 November 2006
- "Lawrence Halprin, who has died aged 93, was an American architect responsible for transforming the centre of San Francisco by remodelling its main street as well as a former chocolate factory at Ghirardelli Square overlooking the city's famous bay.". The Telegraph. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Janet Levy, "Design Research: Marketing 'Good design' in the 50s, 60s, and 70s", Master of Arts thesis at Parsons The New School for Design, 2004. Chapter 1, p. 15
- Ghirardelli Square - Official site and source of info
- Guide to the Ghirardelli Square Architectural Records at The Bancroft Library
- Street map from Mapquest