Gholam Ali Oveisi

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Gholam Ali Oveisi (1918 - 7 February 1984) was an Iranian general during the Pahlavi dynasty, prior to the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

Career[edit]

On 7 September 1978, the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, appointed Oveisi, then-chief of army staff, as the military governor of the capital city, Tehran.[1] Due to his harsh activities, he was known as "butcher of Tehran".[2] He served as military advisor to the Shah after leaving the post.[3]

Later years and assassination[edit]

In January 1979, Oveisi resigned from his public position and fled Iran. He settled in France just before the Iranian revolution on 11 February.[4] In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, Ayatollah Sadegh Khalkhali, a religious judge and then chairman of the Revolutionary Court, informed the press that the death sentence was passed on the members of the Pahlavi family and former Shah officials, including Oveisi.[4]

Oveisi was one of several Iranian generals who undertook to gain support for a counter-revolution against the new Iranian government in the United States, other Western countries, and the Muslim world. Along with other deposed generals such as Reza Keyvani and Bahram Aryana, Oveisi sought out allies, such as Iran's enemy, Baathist Iraq.[5]

Oveisi was assassinated, along with his brother, Gholam Hussein, on 7 February 1984 in Paris.[4][2] Oveisi was at the age of 66.[2] The Islamic Jihad claimed the responsibility of the assassination.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Iranian Revolution". MacroHistory: World History. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Two Iranian exiles are assassinated in Paris". Lodi News Sentinel (Paris). UPI. 8 February 1984. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Defection delays presentation of Iranian cabinet". The Phoenix (Tehran). AP. 9 January 1979. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "No Safe Haven: Iran's Global Assassination Campaign". Iran Human Rights. 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Sasan Fayazmanesh (2008). The United States and Iran: Sanctions, wars and the policy of dual containment. Psychology Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-415-77396-6. Retrieved 13 March 2011.