Ghorband District

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Ghorband District
Ghorband
District
Ghorband District courthouse
Ghorband District courthouse
District highlighted within Parwan Province and Afghanistan
District highlighted within Parwan Province and Afghanistan
Coordinates: 35°0′N 68°51′E / 35.000°N 68.850°E / 35.000; 68.850Coordinates: 35°0′N 68°51′E / 35.000°N 68.850°E / 35.000; 68.850
Country  Afghanistan
Province Parwan Province
No. of Community Development Councils 58
No. of villages 109
Capital Syahgerd
Area
 • Total 899 km2 (347 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 • Total 74,123
Time zone AST (UTC+04:30)

Ghorband District (ولسوالی غوربند) is a district of Parwan Province, Afghanistan. Ghorband is located in the southern foothills of Hindu Kush and forms the western boundary of the ancient valley of Koh Daman.[1] It is located 50 km from Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. The capital lies at Syahgerd, also known as Seya Gerd. It is the largest district of the province, covering an area of 899 square kilometres with a population of 74,123 as of 2003.[2] The Ghorband River flows through the district. It contains 58 Community Development Councils and 109 villages.[2]

History[edit]

Historically the Ghorband valley was connected with Bactria as far back as Alexander the Great times.[3] The ancient Koh Daman valley is an important archaeological site and evidence has revealed that the people inhabiting the valley developed sophisticated mining techniques early on. Prominent scholars and politicians have risen from this district. For example, Mr. Mir Ali Gouhar Ghorbandi the outspoken member of parliament during the reign of King Zahir Shah came from this district. Mr. Mir Ali Gouhar along with his a group of well-known Afghan scholars including Alama and poet Balkhi attempted an unsuccessful coup de ta against the establishment of King Zahir Shah in which Mr. Mir Ali Gouhar along with the rest of the group were caught while plotting the coup de ta. After having served nearly 15 years as a political prisoner, Mir Ali Gouhar was subsequently elected by the people of Ghorband as their district representative and MP in the parliament. As an outspoken MP, he introduced number of positive progressive changes to the district. Notably, he donated his own house to be used as a girl’s high school. The first of its kind the district had ever seen. Due to his political influence, the introduction of electricity and piped running water projects were implemented in the district. To this day, his legacy lives not only amongst the people of district, but across a wide spectrum of the public in different parts of Afghanistan, particularly in the central and northern regions. People of Ghorband also fought Jihad in Soviet-Union attack. Prof.Mohammad Saber Khishki (پوهاند محمد صابر خویشکۍ) a very senior Venerable professor of Kabul university and a well-known personality was born in Ghorband. Youth are leaving no stone unturned in making Ghorband one of the pioneer province of Afghanistan. [4]

In November 2007, a team of facilitators from the National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) assessed the district and drew up development plans.[2] The Taliban have been active in the district.[5] In November 2010 it was reported that two Iranian Secret Intelligence agents arrived in Syahgerd in Ghorband District and were accused by the US of helping insurgents to attack coalition forces.[6]

Economy[edit]

A local worker for irrigating the Ghorband River

Main crops grown are almonds, apples, apricots, walnuts, mulberries, grapes, peaches, pears and other like these.[7] Iron ore is mined in the district and transported to Charikar in the east to be smelted before arriving in Kabul.[8] British surveyors in the 19th century reported that the district had significant reserves of iron, zinc, sulfur, and coal.[9] A west-east road and then the north-south A76 highway connects the district to Charikar and Kabul.

Demographics[edit]

The district is populated by Tajiks, Pashtuns and Hazaras. The people of Ghorband District are mostly Sunni Muslims as opposed to their kinsmen, who are Shia Muslims.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asiatic Society of Bengal (1836). Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Bishop's College Press. p. 6. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Summary of District Development Programme". Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development National Area Based Development Programme and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  3. ^ The Greeks in Bactria & India. CUP Archive. p. 97. GGKEY:NQT6S7GBENB. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Reedy, Chandra L. (10 October 1997). Himalayan bronzes: technology, style, and choices. Associated University Presse. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-87413-570-1. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Mills, Nick (2007). Karzai: the failing American intervention and the struggle for Afghanistan. John Wiley and Sons. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-470-13400-9. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Afghanistan war logs: US claims Iran spies helping insurgents to attack coalition forces". London: The Guardian. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Ghorband". Khyber.org. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  8. ^ American Engineer in Afghanis. U of Minnesota Press. 1 January 1999. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-8166-0046-5. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Gazetteer of Afghanistan VI, p. 168

External links[edit]