Ghost Town and Calico Railway

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Ghost Town & Calico Railroad RGS#41

The Ghost Town & Calico Railroad is a 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge[1] heritage railroad within Knott's Berry Farm, a theme park in Buena Park, California.[2][3][4]

Origin[edit]

Ghost Town & Calico Railroad

Walter Knott began acquiring the authentic vintage equipment in 1951 and work began to grade and lay 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge track for a grand circle rail route for recently acquired rolling stock with service starting that November.[5][6][7][8]

The railroad's opening ceremony commenced on January 12, 1952.[9][10][11]

Unlike many other theme park railroads, the locomotives and most of the other equipment of the Ghost Town & Calico – Knott's Scenic Route have been restored to original paint schemes and appearance on Colorado's Rio Grande Southern Railroad and Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. Also unlike most theme park railroads used as transportation, it travels in a circle and riders disembark at the same place they alight – Calico Depot.

Engines[edit]

The roster includes two Class C-19 Consolidation (2-8-0) locomotives, both originally constructed for the Denver & Rio Grande in 1881. When retired from service in Colorado, they were D&RGW No. 340 Green River (formerly D&RG #400, renamed Gold Nugget No. 40 for many years on the GT&C) from the Denver & Rio Grande Western and RGS No. 41 Red Cliff (recently renamed Walter K at the 60th anniversary ceremony January 12, 2012) from the Rio Grande Southern.[12][13]

Galloping Goose #3

"Galloping Goose" motor rail buses kept the Rio Grande Southern railroad viable from the 1930s by carrying mail until they were used to scrap their own line in 1953. Knott also purchased this efficient and unique rail vehicle, the RGS Motor #3, which soldiers on at the GT&C on quieter days during the off-season – serving its original purpose when patronage does not justify hostling a steam engine to pull an entire train. It is "kitbashed" from its original Pierce-Arrow limousine frame, engine, radiator, cowling and body which was converted to rail use by replacing the front axle with a four-wheel bogie truck and fitting the rear axle with flanged wheels at first, then a bogie truck which linked the powered axle to its mate with a chain drive. A RGS shop-built freight box (converted with trolley seats for passenger service in 1950) articulates on the kingpin over the chain driven center truck. The wooden limousine sedan body was replaced after World War II with a 1939 Wayne military-surplus bus body with both left and right doors. Its Pierce-Arrow gasoline engine has been replaced, first with a war-surplus GMC gasoline engine at the RGS, then at Knott's with first a war-surplus in-line 6 cylinder Diamond-Reo gasoline engine, and since 1997 with a Cummins Diesel engine supported with an I-beam frame extension salvaged from the demolished Windjammer Surf Racers roller coaster.

In late 1973, the park received ex-D&RGW K-27 #464, a Mikado (2-8-2) locomotive. However, due to clearance issues, Knott's later donated the locomotive to the current owner and place of operation, the Huckleberry Railroad in Flint, Michigan.[14]

Rolling Stock[edit]

Revenue[edit]

When the route opened on January 12, 1952 for passenger service, the locomotives would haul several yellow vintage closed-vestibule wooden passenger coaches led by a No. 103 parlor car Chama which was converted at Knott's in 1954 to combination baggage/coach Calico with arrows simulating an Indian attack embedded near the baggage door. Now the arrows are removed and the cars have been painted in heritage period Pullman-green livery of D&RGW. A gondola (converted from a flat car for open-air passenger seating), and a stock car (a.k.a. cattle car) which was converted from a gondola and now fitted with side benches and a wheelchair lift complete the consist filled with delighted guests on round trip excursions.

Display[edit]

The parlor car Durango restored in 2011, the Silverton observation sleeper and the No. B-20 Edna were held with the short two axle way car "bobber" caboose and a wooden box car D&RGW No. 3350, on sidings during normal operation. Nowadays the Silverton has been converted to revenue service as a chair coach, and the caboose serves to embark bandits while in motion.

The Business car B-20 Edna (formerly San Juan) was built for use by the Rio Grande Southern president Otto Mears on sidings and spurs as a portable office and temporary home while making track orders. She is fitted with

  • An external pantry mounted to the open vestibule and equipped with overhead ice hopper
  • galley (kitchen)
    • a coal hopper
    • water tank
    • heating-plant/boiler/stove/oven/warming-tray combination appliance
  • multi-use crew dormitory
  • lavatory commode with dry bin toilet
  • stateroom with large bed, closet, chest of drawers
  • a large multipurpose open area convertible to
    • office/day-use
    • sleeping bunks
    • meal service
    • et cetera
  • conductor's desk near the end window and speedometer

Track inspection as well as observation is facilitated by the open vestibule and enlarged end windows. These were deluxe temporary accommodations compared to a caboose, but it was far less opulent than private varnish of its day, which pales by comparison to the amenities offered aboard today's motor homes and recreational vehicles such as a shower or microwave oven.

Guest Experience[edit]

A journey on the Ghost Town & Calico – Knott's Scenic Route features a trip around Ghost Town and Boardwalk areas of Knott's, punctuated by a holdup by masked robbers, who have been known to announce their intentions by shouting, "This is a tax audit!" or similar tongue-in-cheek comments. Whether in the heavyweight steam train or the light duty Galloping Goose No. 3, the highlight most guests remember are the train robbers of the Knott's Scenic Route of the Ghost Town & Calico Railroad.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steamlocomotive.info
  2. ^ Nygaard, Norman, Walter Knott: Twentieth Century Pioneer, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1965, pp. 97–99.
  3. ^ Merritt, Christopher, and Lynxwiler, J. Eric, Knott's Preserved, Angel City Press, Santa Monica, CA, 2010, pp. 77–82, 94.
  4. ^ Mello, Michael, "Sixty years later, Knott's train still puffing", Orange County Register, Jan. 6, 2012 (http://ocresort.ocregister.com/2012/01/06/sixty-years-later-knotts-train-still-puffing/106756/).
  5. ^ Alan M. Cranston, "Your Ticket for the Ghost Town Train Robbery", Live Steam Magazine, Mar.–Apr. (1954): 13.
  6. ^ Salts, Christiane Victoria, Cordelia Knott: Pioneering Business Woman, The Literature Connection, Buena Park, CA, 2009, pp. 52–3.
  7. ^ Merritt, Christopher, and Lynxwiler, J. Eric, Knott's Preserved, Angel City Press, Santa Monica, CA, 2010, pp. 77–82, 94.
  8. ^ Mello, Michael, "Golden spike pounded into Knott's track – again", Orange County Register, Jan. 12, 2012 (http://ocresort.ocregister.com/tag/ghost-town-calico-railroad/).
  9. ^ Reprographics Department. Ghost Town and Calico Railway. Knott's Berry Farm, 1953, p. 33.
  10. ^ Jennings, Jay, Knott's Berry Farm: The Early Years, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC, 2009, pp. 54, 79, 88–89, 99.
  11. ^ Merritt, Christopher, and Lynxwiler, J. Eric, Knott's Preserved, Angel City Press, Santa Monica, CA, 2010, pp. 77–82, 94.
  12. ^ Holmes, Roger and Bailey, Paul, Fabulous Farmer: The Story of Walter Knott and his Berry Farm, Westernlore Publishers, Los Angeles, 1956, pp. 139–152.
  13. ^ Harris, Richard, Early Amusement Parks of Orange County, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC, 2008, pp. 26–31.
  14. ^ Resolution by Parks and Recreation Committee. City of Flint, MI. January 22, 1981.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°50′39″N 118°0′1″W / 33.84417°N 118.00028°W / 33.84417; -118.00028