A ghost ship, also known as a phantom ship, is a ship with no living crew aboard; it may be a ghostly vessel in folklore or fiction, such as the Flying Dutchman, or a real derelict found adrift with its crew missing or dead, like the Mary Celeste. The term is sometimes used for ships that have been decommissioned but not yet scrapped, such as the Clemenceau (R 98).
Folklore, legends and mythology
- Undated: The Caleuche is a mythical ghost ship which, according to local folklore and Chilota mythology, sails the seas around Chiloé Island, Chile, at night.
- 1748 onwards: The Lady Lovibond is said to have been deliberately wrecked on Goodwin Sands on 13 February and to reappear off the Kent coast every fifty years.
- 18th century onwards: The Ghost Ship of Northumberland Strait, the apparition of a burning ship, is regularly reported between Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick.
- 1795 onwards: The Flying Dutchman, a ship manned by a captain condemned to eternally sail the seas, has long been the principal ghost ship legend among mariners and has inspired several works.
- 19th century onwards: Following 1738 wreck of the Princess Augusta, misremembered in local folklore as the Palatine, an apparition known as the Palatine Light has been reported near Block Island, Rhode Island, U.S.
- 1813 onwards: After the American schooner Young Teazer was sunk in an explosion during the War of 1812, a burning apparition known as the "Teazer Light" has been reported off Maine.
- 1858 onwards: The Eliza Battle, a paddle steamer that burned in 1858 on the Tombigbee River in Alabama, is purported to reappear, fully aflame, on cold and windy winter nights to foretell of impending disaster.
- 1878 onwards: An apparition has been reported where the HMS Eurydice sank off the Isle of Wight. Witnesses include a Royal Navy submarine in the 1930s and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, in 1998.
- 1872 or 1882: The Iron Mountain riverboat, according to legend, mysteriously disappeared while travelling the Mississippi River and left the barges it was towing adrift. In reality, the ship sank in 1882 near Vicksburg after running aground, and its fate was never mysterious.
- 1928: The København was last heard from on December 28, 1928. For two years following its disappearance sightings of a mysterious five-masted ship fitting its description were reported in the Pacific Ocean.
- 1775: The Octavius, an English trading ship returning from China, was supposedly found drifting off the coast of Greenland. The captain's log showed that the ship had attempted the Northwest Passage, which had never been successfully traversed. The ship and the bodies of her frozen crew apparently completed the passage after drifting amongst the pack ice for 13 years.
- 1840: The schooner Jenny was supposedly discovered after spending 17 years frozen in an ice-barrier of the Drake Passage. Found by Captain Brighton of the whaler Hope, it had been locked in the ice since 1823, the last port of call having been Lima, Peru. The bodies of the seven people aboard, including one woman and a dog, preserved by the Antarctic cold, were buried at sea by the crew of the Hope, and Brighton passed the account on to the Admiralty in London. The Jenny is commemorated by the Jenny Buttress, a feature on King George Island near Melville Peak, named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1960.
- 1880: The ship Seabird, under the command of John Husham, grounded itself at Easton's Beach, Rhode Island. She had been returning from a voyage to Honduras and was expected in Newport that day. The ship was apparently abandoned in sight of land and drifted off course. The only living thing found on the ship was a dog.
- 1947: The Ourang Medan is said to have been found adrift off Indonesia with all of its crew dead. The boarding party found the entire crew "frozen, teeth baring, gaping at the sun." Before the ship could be towed to a home port, it exploded and sank.
(later renamed Mary Celeste
- 1872: The Mary Celeste, perhaps the most historically famous derelict, was found abandoned between mainland Portugal and the Azores archipelago. It was devoid of all crew, but largely intact and under sail, heading toward the Strait of Gibraltar. While Arthur Conan Doyle's story "J. Habakuk Jephson's Statement" based on this ship added some strange phenomena to the tale (such as that the tea found in the mess hall was still hot), the fact remained that the last log entry was 11 days prior to the discovery of the ship.
- 1884: The Resolven was found abandoned between Baccalieu Island and Catalina, Newfoundland and Labrador, with its lifeboat missing. Other than a broken yard, it had suffered minimal damage. A large iceberg was sighted nearby. It has been claimed that none of the seven crew members or four passengers were accustomed to northern waters and it was suggested that they panicked when the ship was damaged by ice, launched the lifeboat, and swamped, though no bodies were found. Three years later, Resolven was wrecked while returning to Newfoundland from Nova Scotia with a load of lumber.
- 1917: Zebrina, a sailing barge, departed Falmouth, England, with a cargo of Swansea coal bound for Saint-Brieuc, France. Two days later she was discovered aground on Rozel Point, south of Cherbourg, without damage except for some disarrangement of her rigging, but with her crew missing.
- 1921: The Carroll A. Deering, a five-masted cargo schooner, was found stranded on a beach on Diamond Shoals, North Carolina. The ship's final voyage had been the subject of much debate and controversy, and was investigated by six departments of the US government, largely because it was one of dozens of ships that sank or went missing within a relatively short period of time. While paranormal explanations have been advanced, the theories of mutiny or piracy are considered more likely.
- 1931: The Baychimo was abandoned in the Arctic Ocean when it became trapped in pack ice and was thought doomed to sink, but remained afloat and was sighted numerous times over the next 38 years without ever being salvaged.
- 1933: A lifeboat from the 1906 wreck of the passenger steamship SS Valencia off the southwest coast of Vancouver Island was found floating in the area in remarkably good condition 27 years after the sinking. Sailors have also reported seeing the ship itself in the area in the years following the sinking, often as an apparition that followed down the coast.
- 1955: The MV Joyita was discovered abandoned in the Pacific. A subsequent inquiry found the vessel was in a poor state of repair, but determined the fate of passengers and crew to be "inexplicable on the evidence submitted at the inquiry".
- 1959: A ghost submarine was found floating without a crew in the Bay of Biscay off northern Spain. It was later discovered that the empty sub was being towed by another vessel and the chain had snapped.
- 1969: The Teignmouth Electron was found adrift and unoccupied in the Atlantic Ocean. Investigation led to the conclusion that its sole crewmember, Donald Crowhurst, had suffered a psychiatric breakdown while competing in a solo around-the-world race and committed suicide by jumping overboard.
- 2003: The High Aim 6 was found drifting in Australian waters, 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) east of Rowley Shoals, with its crew missing. The derelict was subsequently scuttled.
- 2006: The tanker Jian Seng was found off the coast of Weipa, Queensland Australia in March. Its origin or owner could not be determined, and its engines had been inoperable for some time.
- 2006: In August the "Bel Amica" was discovered off the coast of Sardinia. The Coast Guard crew that discovered the ship found half eaten Egyptian meals, French maps of North African seas, and a flag of Luxembourg on board.
- 2007: A 12-metre catamaran, the Kaz II, was discovered unmanned off the coast of Queensland, northeast Australia in April. The yacht, which had left Airlie Beach on Sunday 15 April, was spotted about 80 nautical miles (150 km) off Townsville, near the outer Great Barrier Reef on the following Wednesday. When boarded on Friday, the engine was running, a laptop was running, the radio and GPS were working and a meal was set to eat, but the three-man crew were not on board. All the sails were up but one was badly shredded, while three life jackets and survival equipment, including an emergency beacon, were found on board. A search for the crew was abandoned on Sunday 22nd as it was considered unlikely that anyone could have survived for that period of time.
- 2008: The abandoned 50 ton Taiwanese fishing vessel Tai Ching 21 (Chinese: 大慶21號) was found drifting near Kiribati on 9 November. The ship had suffered a fire several days previously, and its lifeboat and three life rafts were missing. No mayday call was received, and the ship had last been heard from on 28 October. A search of 21,000 square miles (54,000 square km) of the Pacific Ocean north of Fiji by a US Air Force C-130 Hercules and a New Zealand Air Force P-3 Orion found no trace of the Taiwanese captain (顏金港) or crew (18 Chinese, 6 Indonesians, and 4 Filipinos).
- 2012: The Ryou-Un Maru, a Japanese fishing vessel swept away by the March 2011 tsunami, was found floating adrift towards Canada after nearly a year at sea, no crew believed to be on board. The vessel was sunk on April 5, 2012 by the United States Coast Guard.
- 2013: The MV Lyubov Orlova, a former Soviet cruise ship was being towed from Canada to a scrapyard in the Caribbean in January 2013 when a cable snapped setting it adrift in international waters. The crew did not pursue the vessel due to safety concerns. It was most recently spotted on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Ireland. 
- 1935: The Mystery of the Marie Celeste (a.k.a. The Phantom Ship) offers a fictional explanation for the events leading up to the discovery of the most famous of abandoned ships.
- 1943: The Ghost Ship tells of mysterious deaths among the crew of the Altair, for which it is suspected the insane captain is responsible.
- 1952: Ghost Ship is set aboard a yacht haunted by two murder victims (the previous owner's wife and her lover) whose bodies have been hidden under the floor.
- 1980: Death Ship is about a lost Kriegsmarine prison ship haunted by the evil spirits of the dead crew. It now roams the seas for new victims, picking up survivors to abuse and kill after it sinks their ships.
- 2001: The Triangle features a large abandoned cruise ship that is haunted.
- 2001: Lost Voyage is a supernatural thriller about a group of people exploring the SS Corona Queen, which has emerged from the Bermuda Triangle after 30 years.
- 2002: Ghost Ship is about the Antonia Graza, an Italian ocean liner lost at sea 40 years earlier, and now boarded by a salvage crew who soon encounter the ghostly apparitions of murdered passengers.
- 2003: Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl had the Black Pearl as a ghost ship. Its sequels Dead Man's Chest (2006) and At World's End (2007) feature another ghost ship Flying Dutchman.
- 2009: Triangle is psychological horror film about a group of friends on a yachting trip who discover the derelict ocean liner Aeolus.
- 1798: A "skeleton ship" crewed by two spectres features in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
- 1838: A Dutch brig is mentioned in "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket" by Edgar Allan Poe, her crew dead, the flesh ripped by birds.
- 1897: The Demeter, found derelict with its captain's corpse tied to the helm, is featured in Bram Stoker's Dracula.
- 1913: The Abel Fosdyk papers, an apocryphal explanation of the fate of the Mary Celeste, were presented as a true account by A. Howard Linford of Magdalen College, Oxford, the headmaster of Peterborough Lodge, Hampstead's largest prep school. The story appeared under the title Abel Fosdyk's Story in the monthly fiction magazine Strand Magazine, which had invited its contributors and readers to suggest possible solutions to the mystery of the Mary Celeste.
- 1937: "Three Skeleton Key", a short story by George Toudouze about a ghost ship infested with sea rats, was originally written for Esquire magazine. It was adapted for the dramatic radio program Escape in 1949 by James Poe and was also broadcast on the Suspense radio drama series in the 1950s.
- 1965: The Ampoliros, the Flying Dutchman of space, is mentioned in Frank Herbert's Dune.
- 2001: The Flying Dutchman plays a key part of Brian Jacques' series Castaways of the Flying Dutchman.
- ^ Hicks, Brian (2004). Ghost Ship: The Mysterious True Story of the Mary Celeste and Her Missing Crew. Random House Digital. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0345463919. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ Grenon, Ingrid (2010). Lost Maine Coastal Schooners: From Glory Days to Ghost Ships. The History Press. p. 67. ISBN 1596299568. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ Ghost ship arrives in north-east BBC News 2009-02-08
- ^ Hamilton, William B. (1978). "Folklore: Ghostly Encounters of the Northumberland Kind". The Island Magazine: 33–35. Retrieved June 9 2013.
- ^ Zuckerman, Elizabeth (December 20, 2004). "Legend of 18th-century ship still haunts Block Island". Boston Globe. Associated Press. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- ^ Bell, Michael (April 21, 2004). "The Legend of the Palatine". Quahog.org. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- ^ Dill, J. Gregory (2006). Myth, Fact, And Navigators' Secrets: Incredible Tales of the Sea And Sailors. Globe Pequot. pp. 131–133. ISBN 1-59228-879-0. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- ^ Harding, John (2004). Sailing's Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Tales from Over 900 Years of Sailing. Franz Steiner Verlag =. p. 92. ISBN 1861057458. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- ^ Porterfield, Walden R. (May 30, 1973). "Phantom Ships–The Ghosts That Sail the Seven Seas". Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ Colby, C. B (1988). "The Mystery of the Seabird". World's Best "True" Ghost Stories. New York: Sterling. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-8069-6898-2.
- ^ Pisa, Nick (24 August 2006). "Mysterious yacht found empty off millionaire's playground". The Scotsman (Rome). Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- ^ The Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador - CD Version article Resolven
- ^ McClary, Daryl C. (2005-07-29). "Wreck of the SS Valencia". Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- ^ Paterson, T. W. (1967). British Columbia Shipwrecks. Langley, BC: Stagecoach Publishing. pp. 72–76.
- ^ "Submarine No Ghost: Derelict Found Off Spain Had Snapped Tow Chain". The New York Times. UPI. January 5, 1959. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- ^ "Drama on the waves: The Life And Death of Donald Crowhurst". The Independent. October 28, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ "Taipei Times". Taipei Times. DPA and AP. January 16,. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- ^ a b "Ghost ship to be towed to port". Sydney Morning Herald. March 27, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ "At sea. Australian Customs board 'ghost ship' in Gulf of Carpentaria". bymnews.com. March 26, 2006. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ "Mystery yacht found off Millionaires Playground". The Scotsman. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- ^ "Ghost Yacht found off Australia". BBC News. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
- ^ "Hopes dim for 29 Asian fishermen". BBC Online. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- ^ Liberty Times - Tai Ching 21 found. No signs of its crew members
- ^ "Japan tsunami 'ghost ship' drifting to Canada". BBC News. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- ^ "Coast Guard cannon fire sinks Japanese ghost ship damaged in tsunami". New York Daily News. April 6, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- ^ "Japan tsunami 'ghost ship' drifting to Canada". Irish Times. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- ^ Escape - Three Skeleton Key