History During British Rule, Ghotki, was a Government town and the head-quarter station of the Mukhtyarkar of the taluka of the same name was the Rohri Deputy Collectorate, in latitude 28® 10' N., and longitude 69 17' E., distant 38 miles north-east from Rohri. It is situated in a low, level, alluvial country much covered with jungle, and is not more than 7 or 8 miles from the river Indus. This town is on the main trunk line running from Rohri to Multan, and has road communication with the villages of Gemro and Mirpur (through Mathelo, Kadirpur, and Adalpur). Back during British era, the Government buildings were the Mtikhtyarkar's kutcherry, Government vernacular school, a police thana with accommodation for 1 2 policemen (mounted and foot), a cattle pound, musafirkhana, post-office, travellers' bangalow, subordinate Judge's Court-house, and a then newly erected Court-house for the Sessions Judge of Shikarpur when on circuit in the Rohri district A bangalow for the Deputy Collector of this division had also been built here, as it was intended to make this town the head- quarter station of the Rohri Deputy Collectorate. Ghotki possessed a municipality, established in 1855 i '^^ receipts in 1873-74 were 2942 rupees, and the expenses 1563 rupees. The population of this place was 3689, who were chiefly occupied in trade and agri- culture; of these 1803 were Muhammadans, mostly of the Pathan, Malak, Saiyad, Mochi and Lobar castes, and there were 1867 Hindus, the greater number being Banyas. The chief persons of note residing in Ghotki were Pirs ; some of these were Pir Ali Shah, Pir Abid Shah, Pir Rasul Bakhsh, Pir Nasur Din, and several others. There was in this town a masjid of some note, known as Musan Shah's masjid, erected in h. 1148 (a.d. 1732) by a Saiyad of that name who was famed for his great sanctity. It was constructed of burnt brick, and was quadrangular in shape, being 113 feet long by 65 feet broad, with an extensive courtyard in front, and was surmounted by a cupola covered with glazed tiles. The interior had a coating of coloured plaster, and was decorated besides with carved and painted wood-work. This building was by far the largest of its class in Upper Sind, but it was at the same time the only object of interest in the place. The trade of Ghotki was chiefly in wheat, juar, bajri, grain, indigo, sugar-cane, wool, oil, ghi, &c. The Lobars of this town were famous for their manufacture of pipe bowls, rings, and pots of various kinds. Wood-carving and colouring were also carried on here in a very creditable manner. This town is said to have been founded by one Pir Musa Shah, about the year 1747.