Ghulam Haider (composer)

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Ghulam Haider
Birth name Ghulam Haider
Also known as Master Ghulam Haidar
Born 1908
Hyderabad, Sind, British India
Died November 9, 1953 (aged 44–45)
Lahore, Pakistan
Genres Filmi
Occupation(s) Composer
Instruments Grand Piano
Years active 1932–1953

Ghulam Haider (Urdu: ‎, Sindhi: ماسٽر غلام حيدر) was a well-known music composer[1] who worked both in India and in Pakistan after independence. He changed the face of film songs by combining the popular Raags with the verve and rhythm of Punjabi music,[2] and also raised the status of music directors. He is also known for giving a break to the well-known playback singer, Lata Mangeshkar.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

According to one account Haider was born in 1908 in Hyderabad[1][2] Sind Division of British Punjab, in a Shaikh family, which is now a part of Pakistan. After passing his intermediate examination, he was admitted to a college of dentistry and completed his education as dentist. Being curious about music he started learning music from Babu Ganesh Lal.[1][2][3]His love for music made him leave his career as dentist, facing the wrath of his family, but he started working with Alfred Theatrical Company and Alexander Theatrical Company as a piano player in Calcutta, and worked with Jenaphone (Genophone) Recording Company as a music composer as well. He composed music for the then famous singer, Umrao Zia Begum, who was working for Pancholi Art Pictures, and made several recordings. He later married her.[3]

Career[edit]

Haider broke into films with the father-son duo Roshan Lal Shorey and Roop Kumar Shorey, and A.R. Kardar gave him the opportunity to compose music for the 1935 film, Swarg Ki Seerhi. But he got his first break with D.M. Pancholi's Punjabi film, Gul-E-Bakavali (1939) starring Noor Jehan.[1][2] This was followed by Yamla Jat (1940). His first hit came with Khazanchi in 1941,[1][2] which caused a revolution in the music industry. Khandan (1942), the first film of Noor Jehan as lead actress, was also a hit[1][2][3] and established him as a top composer. Poonji (1943) was also successful. Then Haider moved to Bombay and composed music for many films including Humayun (1945) and Majboor (1948), the first major break of Lata Mangeshkar in Hindi films.[1][2] Shaheed (1948) and Kaneez (1949) are his other big hits.

After independence, he returned to Lahore and his first Pakistani film was Shahida (1949). He composed music for many other films like Beqarar (1950), Akeli (1951) and Bheegi Palken (1952) but the films flopped. He died just a few days after the release of Gulnar (1953).[1][2][3]

Filmography[edit]

His major works are:

  • Gulnar (1953)
  • Aabshar (1953)
  • Beqarar (1950)
  • Do Saudagar (1950)
  • Putli (1950)
  • Kaneez (1949)
  • Majboor (1948)
  • Padmini (1948)
  • Shaheed (1948)
  • Shama (1948)
  • Barsaat Ki Ek Raat (1948)
  • Patjhad (1948)
  • Jag Biti (1947)
  • Majhdhaar (1947)
  • But Tarash (1947)
  • Mehndi (1947)
  • Jag Biti (1946)
  • Bairam Khan (1946)
  • Humayun (1945)
  • Phool (1945)
  • Chal Chal Re Naujawan (1944)
  • Bhai (1944)
  • Poonji (1943)
  • Khandan (1942)
  • Zamindar (1942)
  • Chaudhry 1941
  • Khazanchi (1941)
  • Yamla Jatt (1940)
  • Gul-E-Bakawali (1939)
  • Majnu (1935)
  • Swarg Ki Seerhi (1935)
  • Thief of Iraq (1934)

Popular compositions[edit]

  • Yasrib ko janey waley, mara salaam le ja (singer: Umra-o-Zia Begum)
  • Aashiyaane Ko Mere Jab (film: Thief of Iraq 1934)
  • Shala jawania maney, aakha na morin, pee lai (singer: Baby Noor Jehan, film: Gul Bakawli 1939)
  • Pinjare De Vich Kaid Jawanee Mastanee (singer: Baby Noor Jehan, film: Gul-E-Bakawali 1939)
  • Kanka dian pakian faslan ne (singer: Noor Jehan, film: Yamla Jatt 1940)
  • Bas bas we Dholna, tere naal ki bolna (singer: Noor Jehan, film: Yamla Jatt 1940)
  • Sawan ke nazarey hain, ha ha ha (singer: Shamshad Begum, film: Khazanchi 1941)
  • Ek Kalee Naajo Kee Palee (film: Khazaanchi 1941)
  • Tu koun si Badli mein, mere Chand hay aa ja (singer: Noor Jehan, film: Khandan 1942)
  • Mere liye jehan mein chain hay na qarar hay (singer: Noor Jehan, film: Khandan 1942)
  • Sajan Aa Ja, Rajan Aa Ja (film: Bhai 1944)
  • Chamko Chamko Bijaliya, Han Bijaliya (film: Chal Chal Re Naujawan 1944)
  • Mujhe Madhur Lagata Hai Unase (film: Chal Chal Re Naujawan 1944)
  • Ai Chand Too Bata De (film: Humayun 1945)
  • Data Toree Daya Se Abb Des Hamara (film: Humayun 1945)
  • Ho Chand Chamaka Andhere Me Aaj Hai (film: Humayun 1945)
  • Ashko Pe Huwa Khatam Mere Gham Kaa Fasana (film: Bairam khan 1946)
  • Gulshan Pe Hai Bahar Koyal Kee Hai Pukar (film: Jag Biti (1947)
  • Ham Hain Dukhiya Iss Duneeya Me (film: Jag Biti (1947)
  • Aaj Mohe Sajan Ghar Jana (film: Majhdhaar 1947)
  • Aa Jao Beedeshi Baalama (film: Padmini 1948)
  • Aajaa Bedardi Baalama (film: Shaheed 1948)
  • Aana Hai Toh Aa Jao Gar (film: Shaheed 1948)
  • Ab JiKe Koyi Kyaa Kare (film: Majboor 1948)
  • Watan ki rah mein, watan ke no-jawan shaheed ho (singer: Mohammed Rafi, film: Shaheed 1949)
  • Lo, chal diye woh ham ko tasalli diye baghair (singer: Noor Jehan, film: Gulnar 1953)
  • Bachapan Kee Yadgaro, Mai Tumko Dhundhatee Hu (film: Gulnar 1953)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ghulam Haider". www.hindilyrics.net. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ghulam Haider". www.upperstall.com. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Ghulam Haider". www.tripod.com. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 

External links[edit]