January 3, 1939 |
Amritsar, British Punjab, British Indian Empire (present-day India)
|Institutions||Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)
Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU)
Government College University (GCU)
Abdus Salam School of Mathematics
|Doctoral advisor||Abdus Salam|
|Known for||Dynamical systems theory
Magnetic confinement fusion
Black hole thermodynamics
Ghulam Murtaza, SI(C) Ph.D., DIC, D.Sc., FPAS (Urdu: غلام مرتضى) (born January 3, 1939), is a Pakistani plasma physicist and mathematician. He is the Professor of Theoretical and Plasma physics, and the director of the Physics research institute, known as the Abdus Salam Chair in Physics, at the Government College University. Previously, Murtaza served as the Director of Center of Excellence for Solid State Physics at the Government College University from 2000 to 2006. Specialized in the Thermonuclear fusion, Murtaza is known for his contribution to the field of Theoretical and controlled solar plasmas.
Early life and education 
Murtaza was born in Amritsar, British Punjab, British Indian Empire, in 1939, where he received his elementary education from there. After the partition of India in 1947, Murtaza along with his family member migrated to Pakistan. His family settled in Lahore, West-Pakistan, where he completed his high school. In 1954, he was admitted to Punjab University with a scholarship to study physics. In 1958, he received his B.Sc. in Physics, followed by M.A. in Mathematics from the Punjab University. The same year, he joined Government College University as a professor of undergraduate courses in Mathematics. In 1963, he went to the United Kingdom for further higher studies with a Government scholarship.
In Great Britain, he attended Imperial College London to continue his studies in advanced physics. During this period, world-renowned scientists such as Bertrand Russell, Albert Einstein, Julius Robert Oppenheimer, Abdus Salam, and Wolfgang Pauli to name a few, were teaching at the Imperial College London. While at the Imperial College London, he met Doctor Abdus Salam in a Physics lecture in which he asked Salam to supervise his doctoral studies. In 1966, Murtaza did his Ph.D. in Plasma physics under the supervision of Salam. In 1967, he also obtained a D.I.C degree in Science and came back to Pakistan where he joined Punjab University as an Associate Professor of Physics.
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission 
Murtaza joined the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) in 1960 as a "Principle Science Officer" (PSO). He was upgraded to Scientific Officer (SO), later he was promoted to Senior Scientific Officer (SSO). However, in 1966, after his doctorate in physics, he was transferred to Nuclear Physics Division (NPD), where he along with his mentor, Salam and Dr. Naeem Ahmad Khan, had closely worked and produced numerous scientific papers and journals about their experiments and theories in theoretical physics. In 1969, Murtaza was sent to "Laser Group" headed by Dr. Shaukat Hameed Khan, where he and Khan produces numerous scientific papers and journals about their discoveries in Plasma Physics. He played an important role in setting up the Plasma physics lab at the PAEC. In 1969, dr. Murtaza left PAEC and joined Punjab University.
Academic career in universities of Pakistan 
In 1962, after his M.Sc. in Applied physics, Murtaza came back to Pakistan for a short time being and joined Government College University of Lahore as a professor of Mathematics. In 1962, he resigned from his post and flew back to United Kingdom. In 1969, Murtaza joined newly founded research university, Quaid-i-Azam University's Institute of Physics as an associate professor of mathematics. In 1970, he became a distinguished professor of physics at the Quaid-i-Azam University while continued to teach mathematics at the institute. In 1990, he became a Chairman of Department of Physics and, in 1993, he was made Meritorious Professor of Mathematics at the Quaid-i-Azam University. He continued leading the Physics Department until 1997, when a well-known young and authentic nuclear physicist, dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy was named to be the head of the Physics Department.In March 1996, he was appointed as a Dean, Faculty of Natural Sciences at the Qaid-e-Azam University. In 2000, Murtaza moved to Lahore where he was appointed as a director of Center of Excellence for Solid State Physics, which is also known as the Dr. Abdus Salam Center in Solid-State Physics Lahore, also at the Government College University. He kept his position until 2006. There Murtaza became senior Professor of Mathematics while heading the Mathematics Department at the Government College University. In 2006, he joined the University's Physics Department and became a professor of Plasma Physics. The same year, Murtaza became the director of the Abdus Salam Chair in Physics, where he launched research programmes in Physics, Electrical engineering, and Mathematics.
Murtaza is a distinguished student of Pakistan's only Nobel laureate Abdus Salam. He is the recipient of a high civil award "Sitara-e-Imtiaz" which was awarded to him by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. In 1986, he was awarded a gold medal from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences. In 1991, he was elected fellow of Pakistan Academy of Sciences. He is a researcher in the field of Plasma Physics/Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion, Elementary Particle Physics and Solid State Physics. In October 2004, he was appointed director of the Abdus Salam National Center for Mathematics (ASNCM). In 2003, he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science (D.Sc.) from Higher Education Commission(HEC). Recently, he joined the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) where he was in charge of Astronomy and Astrophysics Laboratory. He also represented SUPARCO at the International Year of Astronomy.
Awards and fellowships 
- National Distinguished Professor
- Gold Medal from Pakistan Academy of Sciences.
- an elected Member, The American Physical Society
- Editor-in-Chief, Islamabad Journal of Science.
Scientific papers and publications 
- Radiative Collapse in an impurity-seeded spinning gas-puff staged pinch, Plasma Physics, (Arshad M. Mirza, Zahoor Ahmad, N.A.D Khattak, G Murtaza)
- Study of Plasma Parameters in a Spinning Thick-Gas-Puff Staged Pinch, Plasma Physics, Arshad M. Mirza, Zahoor Ahmad, N.A.D Khattak, G. Murtaza.
- Impulsion Dynamics of a Dense q-Pinch Plasma Driven by Multicascade Linear System, Laser and Particle Beams, G. Murtaza, Zahoor Ahmad.
- Magenetohydrodynamic (MHD) Model for the Staged Pinch Plasma to Study Fusion Parameters and Comparison with Snow Plow Model, Physics of Plasma, Ghulam Murtaza.
- Thermonuclear Fusion with Multicascade Linear Staged Pinch Plasma and Mechanics, Ghulam Murtaza.
- Study of Fusion Parameters in Multicascade Linear System, Dr. Zahoor Ahmad, G. Murtaza, N.A.D Khattak.
- Light cone algebra in various (1974), Fortschritte der Physik, Volume 22, Ghulam Murtaza
- Three-dimensional solitons, Physical Review, (1979) by M.Z.Iqbal and A.H. Nayyar, G. Murtaza
- Nonlinear destabilization, Fluid Physics (1985) Volume 28, P.K.Shukla and M.Y. Yu, G. Murtaza
- New electron temperature-graduate, Fluid Physics (1989), P.K. Shukla and G. Murtaza
- Electron Thermal Conduction for nuclear radiation, Volume 33 (1991), Arshad M. Mirza, C. L. Cook, G. Murtaza and M.S.Qaisar.
- Duality of a young diagram in Linear Geometry (1973), Mathematical. Physics Journal, M.A. Rashid and G. Murtaza
- Electromagnetic instability in Plasmas, Physics of Plasmas (1996), Arshad M. Mirza, G. Murtaza and P.K. Shukl.
- Longitudinal oscillations and simple gravity pendulum, Physical Review (2003), N. A. D. Khattak, G. Murtaza and H. A. Shah
- Some electrosatic modes based on Plasmas and radiations, Physics of Plasmas (2004), S. Zaheer, G. Murtaza and H. A. Shah
- Adiabatic model for dust atoms and molecules by Ghulam Murtaza, Z. Ehsan, N. L. Tsintsadze, Abdus Salam National Center for Mathematics and Salam Chair in Physics, GCU Lahore, Pakistan
See also 
- "Salam Professor: Professor G. Murtaza". GCU Salam Chair in Physics. Updated. Retrieved 2011.
- (PAS), Pakistan Academy of Sciences. "Dr. Ghulam Murtaza". Pakistan Academy of Sciences.
- University Press (2000). "Salam Chair GC University Lahore pays tribute to Dr. Abdus Salam on his 13th death anniversary". GCU Library press. Government College University, Pakistan.
- Corier, CERN (April 8, 2000). "Ghulam Murtaza". CERN.
- "Dr. Ghulam Murtaza" (Pdf). Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
- "International Year of Astronomy - Pakistan". International Year of Astronomy 2009. 2009.
- Pakistan Academy of Sciences Page on Murtaza
- International Astronomy Year 2009: page on Ghulam Murtaza