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Ghushmeshwar mahadev Mandir
|Architecture and culture|
Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the twelfth Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana "kotirudra sahinta", referred as ghushmeshwar jyotirlinga.Ghushmeshwar is believed as the last or twelfth Jyotirlinga on the earth. The temple is located at 3 km from Isarda Railway Station in Kota - Jaipur. Train Route in Shiwar Town at 100 km from Jaipur at 40 km from Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan, India. The temple is located near the famous Ranthambore National Park
"सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम |
उज्जयिन्यां महाकालंओंकारं ममलेश्वरम ||(शिव पुराण कोटि रुद्र संहिता अध्याय 32-33)
केदारं हिमवत्प्रष्ठे डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम |
वाराणस्यां च विश्वेशं त्रयम्बकं गोतमी तटे ||
वैधनाथं चितभूमौ नागेशं दारुकावने |
सेतुबन्धे च रामेशं घुश्मेशं तु शिवालये"||
The twelve jyothirlinga are Somnath in Gujarat, Mallikarjuna at Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh, Mahakaleswar at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh, Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh, Kedarnath in Himalayas, Bhimashankar in Maharastra, Viswanath at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Triambakeshwar in Maharastra, Vaidyanath at Deogarh in Jharkand, Nageswar at Dwarka in Gujarat, Rameshwar at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu and Ghushmeshwar at Shiwar in Rajasthan.
On the basis of historical facts it came to picture that MohmoodGajnavi sent his army commander Masood with army to loot and damage this famous well-known temple in Vikram Samvat 1081. Maharaja Chander Sen Gaur along with his son Indrasen, Army chief Rewat and 3000 Army men died in defending the temple from enemies in battle. In the memory of the death of queen and priestess there are memorials. Later on in 1179 the temple was rebuilt by king Shiv Veer Singhchauhan. The king invited two well-known Brahmins from Mahrishi Vashishtha Origin from Pushkar for worship of tample.
In the year of 1358, en route ranthmbhor to fight Rana Hamir, Khilji sent an army unit under Malik Kafur to destroy the newly built temple. The army unit caused big devastation to village and granaries. The army unit also began dismantling the temple but had to stop owing to night. In the dream that night Khilji saw a half naked tri-eyed, trident handling, Kamndaldhari, exotic personality prepared to kill him. A feared Khilji could not sleep the whole night. The next morning he revealed the dream. Then the pujari of the temple told him that the deity in the dream was none other than lord Shiva himself who can turn the universe into ashes just by the fire of his 3rd eye. Hearing this a feared Khilji decided not to destroy the temple and proceeded for Ranthmbhor.
Shri ghushmeshwar jyotirlinga (shivalya), is situated at Shiwar village of distt Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan and lies at 3 km off Isarda railway station along kota-jaipur rail route. It is by its worshippers hailed as 12th Jyotirlinga of lord Shiva on the basis of a plethora of evidence deducated from location, folk tales and architectural and geographical facts enshired in ' puranas' legend has it that a Brahmin, by name Sudharma lived in distant past in vicinity of Devagiri hills, whose wife Sudeha, had not been blessed with offspring. She is therefore, got her younger sister Ghushma married to her husband. Ghusma was a devotee of lord Shiv, whose devotion to Great Loard mahadeva got her the birth of a son from her husband. Sudeha, her elder sister, got envious of Ghusma's honour and happiness, which unlitmately resulted in assassination of newly married son of Ghusma whose used to dispose the parthiva Shiv Lingas everyday after worshipping. By the next morning when the bride found the bed os her mother-in-law. On information Ghusma did not lose her temper and she kept worshipping as usual. The following day Lord shiva gave his 'Darshan' by appearing before Ghushma when she was immersing idols of Lord Shiva after worship. pleased by her devotion Lord Shiva not only resurrected her son but also granted a boon to her that he would always abide in this place as 'Ghushmeshwar' after the name of Ghushma. This Legend is in Shivpuran kotirudra sahinta adhyay 32–33
Proof of 12th ghushmeshwar in shiwar
Proof of existence of 12th Jyotirling Shri Ghushmeshwar at Shiwar District Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan):-
1. According to shivpuram (kotirudra) chapters 32 to 33, Ghushmeshwar, Jyotirling must be at Shivalaya.
सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम ||
| उज्जयिन्यां महाकालंओंकारं ममलेश्वरम |||
केदारं हिमवत्प्रष्ठे डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम ||
| वाराणस्यां च विश्वेशं त्रयम्बकं गोतमी तटे |||
वैधनाथं चितभूमौ नागेशं दारुकावने ||
| सेतुबन्धे च रामेशं घुश्मेशं तु शिवालये |||
In older times, this place was named Shivalaya, changed to Shival, and then to Shiwar (1179, tampatra)
2. Devagiri mountain in south:-
According to Shivpuran (kotirudra) chapter 33: In south of Ghushmeshwara Jyotirling, there is Devagiri mountain.|
दक्षिणस्यां दिशि श्रैष्ठो गिरिर्देवेति संज्ञकः महाशोभाविन्तो नित्यं राजतेऽदभुत दर्शन:|
तस्यैव निकटः ऐको भारद्वाज कुलोदभव: सुधर्मा नाम विप्रशच न्यवसद् ब्रह्मवित्तमः ।।|
In south of Jyotirling temple, Shiwar, there is a mountain known as Devegiri, it turns into gold at the time of Mahashivratri, whose proof is given by story of Banjara who got gold while he was throwing stones at his cow and some stones he got from which he made Jyotirling walls and krinmukteshwar temple.|
3.Pond Shivalaya in north:- According to Shivpuran(kotirudra)chapter 33, in Ghushmeshwar pradurbhav, lord shiv gave Vardan to Ghushma.|
तदोवाच शिवस्तत्र सुप्रसन्नो महेश्वर: स्थास्येत्र तव नाम्नाहं घुश्मेशाख्यः सुखप्रदः।44।|
घुश्मेशाख्यं सुप्रसिद्धं में जायतां शुभ: इदं सरस्तु लिंगानामालयं जयतां सदा।45।|
तस्माच्छिवालयं नाम प्रसिद्धं भुवनत्रये सर्वकामप्रदं हयेत दर्शनात्स्यात्सदासरः।46।|
Then shiv being happy said to Ghushma that I will be called Ghushmeshwar and will always reside here and will fill fortune in everybody’s life. This place will be famous by name Jyotirling Ghushmeshwar. This pond will be residence of Shivlings and it will be famous in three loks. In 1837, when this pond was drilled, 2000 Shivlings were found which give a proof of existence of Shivling and the name of Shivalaya perpetuates. The Brahmin Pujaris of temple gotra is also Shivalaya.|
4. Dharmacharya’s approval:-
Many scholars, dharmacharya, puratatvid, shodharthi have travelled this place and have proved the existence of Ghushmeshwar Jyotirling here: • Anant vibhushit jagat guru • Shri mad Shankaracharya swami Swarupanand ji saraswati,jyotirmath • Shri Nandnanand Saraswati, Varanasi • Shri Samb Dikshit Damodar Upadhyay, Karnataka • Shri Mahaandleshwar Shri Kantacharya ji, Barambanki • Brahamleen swami krishnanad ji maharaj, Jaipur • Shri ratan aggarwal, tatkalin nideshak puratatv and sanghralya, Jaipur • Mahamandleshwar swami Shri ramanand saraswati, Punya teerth, mauji baba Ki gufa, kota • Mahamandleshwar swami Shri Awadhesh kumaracharya(gagron peeth)ramdham, kota • Acharya Piyush ji Maharaja, Varndawan-Dham |
5. In kalian (Shri Kalyan 55, 4 April 81 Geeta press Gorakhpur):-
Pandit Purushottam Sharma gave quotes based on Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga, Shiwar:- “Two Devegiri mountains exist. In ‘Teerthsnk’and ‘Shivpuranank’of kalyan, people misunderstood Karnataka’s one before. But the truth is Shiwar’s Ghushmeshwar". On it Shankaracharya, aacharya, and mahatma’s have given the approval. Pandit purushottam asked for story of Karnataka based mountain, so Shri Vishwanath Patil, editor of Kathalok, Subhash marg, delhi-6, send their story. There was a queen Ghrishna, her husband had a second wife who kidnapped Ghrishna’s son and send him in forest so that animals ate him. Ghrishna was a believer of lord Shiva. He told her the place where she will get her son.
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