Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed + Sound 1913-1914
July 18, 1871|
|Died||March 1, 1958
|Influenced by||Filippo Tommaso Marinetti|
Giacomo Balla (July 18, 1871 – March 1, 1958) was an Italian painter.
At 9, when his father died, he gave up music and began working in a lithograph print shop. By age twenty his interest in art was such that he decided to study painting at local academies and exhibited several of his early works. Following academic studies at the University of Turin, Balla moved to Rome in 1895 where he met and married Elisa Marcucci. For several years he worked in Rome as an illustrator and caricaturist as well as doing portraiture. In 1899 his work was shown at the Venice Biennale and in the ensuing years his art was on display at major Italian exhibitions in Rome and Venice, in Munich, Berlin and Düsseldorf in Germany as well as at the Salon d'Automne in Paris and at galleries in Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
Around 1902, he taught the Divisionist technique to both Umberto Boccioni and Gino Severini. Influenced by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Giacomo Balla adopted the Futurism style, creating a pictorial depiction of light, movement and speed. He was signatory to the Futurist Manifesto in 1910 and began designing and painting Futurist furniture and also created Futurist "antineutral" clothing. In painting, his new style is demonstrated in the 1912 work titled Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash. Seen here, is his 1914 work titled Abstract Speed + Sound (Velocità astratta + rumore). In 1914, he also began sculpting and the following year created perhaps his best known sculpture called Boccioni's Fist.
During World War I Balla's studio became the meeting place for young artists but by the end of the war the Futurist movement was showing signs of decline. In 1935 he was made a member of Rome's Accademia di San Luca. Balla participated in the documenta 1 1955 in Kassel, Germany, his work was also shown postmortem during the documenta 8 in 1987.
- Maurizio Fagiolo Dell'Arco, Balla: The Futurist (1988)
- Giovanni Lista, Balla, catalogue général de l’œuvre, vol. I, Edizioni della Galleria Fonte d’Abisso, Modène, 1982 ; vol. II, L’Age d’Homme, Lausanne, 1984
- Giovanni Lista,Le Futurisme : création et avant-garde, Éditions L’Amateur, Paris, 2001
- Giovanni Lista, Balla, la modernità futurista, Edizioni Skira, Milan, 2008
- Giovanni Lista, Giacomo Balla: futurismo e neofuturismo, Mudima, Milano, 2009.
- Giacomo Balla, Scritti futuristi, raccolti e curati da Giovanni Lista, Abscondita, Milan, 2010.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Giacomo Balla|
- Guide to Balla's paintings, at Artcyclopedia
- Abstract Speed + Sound by Giacomo Balla, Guggenheim Museum