|Born||Giovanni Battista Pittoni
June 6, 1687
Venice, Republic of Venice (present-day Italy)
|Died||November 6, 1767|
|Notable work||Sacred families and childs|
|Style||late-Baroque or Rococo|
Giambattista Pittoni or Giovanni Battista Pittoni (6 June 1687 – 6 November 1767) was a Italian painter of the late Baroque or Rococo period, and was active mainly in Venice. He was among the founders of the Academy of Fine Arts of Venice, and became its second president in 1758, succeeding Tiepolo.
Pittoni was born in Venice, and studied painting under his uncle Francesco Pittoni and Antonio Balestra. Little is known of his early career. He entered the Venetian painters' guild in 1716. In 1722-1723, he was commissioned to paint the altarpiece depicting the Torture of St Thomas for the church of San Stae, which also contains one if his later works in its sacristy. He also completed the Glory of the Virgin for the church of Santa Maria in Organo in Verona in 1725. In 1727, he was appointed honorary Academic of the Accademia Clementina in Bologna.
In subsequent years, Pittoni never left his native Venice, but completed a number of important and lucrative commissions for German, Polish, Russian, Italian and Austrian patrons, including The Sacrifice of Jephthah's daughter for the Royal Palace of Turin, works for the Marshal von Schulenburg, and a Martyrdom of St Batholomew for the Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua.
By 1740, Pittoni established a studio and residence in the San Giacomo district of Venice, and took on numerous apprentices, including Francesco Busti. Pittoni was a co-founder of the official painter's academy in Venice (in competition to the old fraglia or painter's guild), the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia, and served as President during 1758–1761. Pittoni died at age 80 in Venice. His tomb is at the church of San Giacomo dall'Orio.
Pittoni came to be known for his "grand-manner" canvases depicting religious, historical, and mythological subjects. He was influenced by Piazetta, Sebastiano Ricci, Antonio Balestra, and Tiepolo, a younger contemporary. Pittoni's mature palette, like Tiepolo's, was notable for the light tones. His style emerged from a highly decorative Rococo style, but matured towards a more sober Neoclassicism.
Pittoni never signed or dated his paintings.
- Holy family, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
- Hagar in the desert, Church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Oil on Canvas, Venice
- Justice and Peace, fresco, Palazzo Pesaro, Venice
- Nativity (1740), National Gallery, London
- Susanna and the Elders (1720), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City;
- Sacrifice of Isaac (1720), Church of San Francesco della Vigna, Oil on Canvas, 118 x 155 cm, Venice
- Descent from the Cross (c. 1750), Palace of Legion of Honor, San Francisco, California
- Sacrifice of Polyxena (1733-1734), Getty Museum, Los Angeles
- Christ and St Pierre, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
- Annunciation (1758), Accademia, Venice
- Death of Joseph, Berggruen Museum in Charlottenburg Palace, National Gallery (Berlin), Oil on canvas, 97 x 79 cm, Berlin, Germany
- St Elizabeth Distributing Alms (1734) Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Oil on canvas, 72 x 43 cm, Budapest
- St Jerome and Peter of Alcantara (1725) Oil on canvas, 275 x 143 cm; National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
- Penitent Magdalene (1740) Accademia, Venice, Oil on canvas, 48 x 38 cm
- Sacrifice of Polyxena, Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia; Oil on canvas, 129 x 94 cm,
- Vision of St Anthony of Padua, (1730), 35 1/2 in. x 23 1/4 in. San Diego Museum of Art, Balboa Park, California
- David and Bathsheba, 74x64 cm
- The family (1740), private collection
- Finding of Moses (c. 1730), Portland Art Museum, Oregon
- Miracle of the loaves and fishes (1725), oil on canvas, 120.1x178.5 cm, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
- Martyrdom of Saint Thomas, Church of San Stae, Venice
- Death of Sophonisba, Oil on canvas, 165 x 214 cm; Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia
- Rest on the Flight into Egypt (1725), Oil on canvas, 108 x 135 cm; Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain
- St Roch (1727), Oil on canvas, 42 x 32 cm, Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
- Allegorical monument to the glory of Isaac Newton, (c. 1727-29), Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
- Nativity, oil on canvas, 74 × 56 cm, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Quimper
- Stoning of St Stephen, second left picture of the Church's altar of S. Maria Diessen
- Death of Agripina and Death of Seneca, Dresden Gallery
- Eliezer and Rebecca, c. 1725, Musée des Beaux-arts de Bordeaux, France
- Enthroned Madonna and child venerated by Saints Peter and Pius V (1723-1724), Church of Santa Corona, Vicenza
- Madonna with Saints, Church of San Germano dei Berici
- Diane and Actaeon, oil on canvas, 147 x 197.5 cm, c. 1725; Palazzo Chiericati, Vicenza
- Sacrifice de Jephthah, Museo di Palazzo Reale, Genoa
- Portrait of Cardinal B. Roverella, Accademia dei Concordi, Rovigo
- Jupiter protect the Justice, The Peace and the Science, Plafonds decoration, Ca' Pesaro, Venice
- Saints Presenting a Devout Woman to Virgin and Child, Cleveland Museum of Art
- Allegory of Painting and Allegory of Sculpture, Accademia, Venice
- Annunciation, Städelsches Kunstinstitut
- Madonna of Sorrows, Museum Gemäldegalerie (Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz)
- Martyrdom of Saint Clement. Sketch for Altar at Clemenskirche, Muenster, Uppsala University Collection [Universitet Konstsamling]
- St. Peter, Kunsthalle
- In the Louvre Museum of Paris:
- Christ grants Keys of Paradise to St Peter
- Continence of Scipio (1733-1735).
- Suzanne et les vieillards (1723-1725).
- Tombeau allégorique de l'archevêque John Tillotson (1630-1694) (1726-1727).
- Bacchus and Ariadne (1720-1725).
- Mars and Venus (1720-1725).
- Sacrifice of Polyxena at the Tomb of Achilles.
- Dido founds Carthage.
Other museums with works by Pittoni include: Uffizi Gallery, Florence; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles; Southampton City Art Gallery, UK; São Paulo Museum of Art, Brazil; Samuel Henry Kress Foundation Collection; Newhouse Galleries, New York; Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Colon; Gemäldegalerie Museum, Berlin; Christchurch Art Gallery, New Zealand; National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; National Gallery of Victoria, Australia; New Walk Museum and Art Gallery, Leicester; Ca' Rezzonico - Museo del Settecento Veneziano, Venice; Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien; Courtauld Institute, London, UK; Nationalmuseum, Stockholm; Ambrosiana, Milan; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota; Walters Art Museum, Maryland; Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland; J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville (KY); Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; Galleria del Prague Castle, Prague; Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg; Sartorio Civic Museum, Trieste; York City Art Gallery, York, UK; Saint Louis Art Museum, St Louis, Missouri; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Museum; Moratilla, Paris; Oranienbaum, Russia China Palace, Russia.
- Elisa Viola (2005). L'Accademia di Venezia: i maestri, le collezioni, le sedi (in Italian). Venezia: Marsilio. ISBN 9788831786553. p. 28.
- Getty Museum, Los Angeles
- Bollettino d'arte del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali, Italian government
- National Gallery, London
- Giovanni Battista Pittoni b. 1687 Venice, Italy, d. 1767 Venice, Italy, painter; draftsman Italian. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
- Giambattista Pittoni at Gallery of Art
- Pittoni Biography
- Katharine Baetjer, European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born Before 1865, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995
- Ian Chilvers, The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists, Oxford University Press, Oxford, Uk, 2009
- Jane Turner, The Dictionary of Art. 25, pp. 1–4. New York, Grove, 1996. ISBN 1-884446-00-0
- F.Z. Boccazzi, Pittoni, Venice, 1979, pp. 138, 148 and 156, no. 96, fig. 376.
- Franca Zava Boccazzi, Giambattista Pittoni, 1979
- Annalisa Perissa Torrini, Disegni di Giovan Battista Pittoni, Electa, 1998
- Giovanni Battista Pittoni (l'Ancien), Lodovico Dolce, Di Battista Pittoni pittore vicentino anno MDLXVIII Imprese di diuersi prencipi, duchi, signori, e d'altri personaggi et huomini letterati et illustri, 1568
- Katharine Baetjer, J.G. Links, Canaletto, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1989
- M. Goering, G. B. Pittoni, Florence, 19
- L. Goggiola, Pittoni artisti veneti, Bergamo 1907
- R. Pallucchini, I disegni di G. B. Pittoni, Padova 1945
- Franca Zava Boccazzi: Pittoni: L'opera completa. Venedig 1979
- Alice Binion: I disegni di Giambattista Pittoni. Florence, La Nuova Italia 1983
- H. Voss, Artikel Pittoni in Thieme, Becker Künstlerlexikon, XXVII, Lipsia 1933 (con ampia bibl.)
- Rudolf Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy, 1600-1750, 1980, Pelican History of Art (Penguin Books Ltd)
- M. Goering, Zur Kritik u. Datierung d. Werke ds G. B. P., in Mitt. d. kunstl Inst. in Florenz, IV (1934), pp. 201–48.34
- Per la ricostruzione dell'opera di G. P., Rass. d'arte, XII (1912), pp. 20–27, 139-44
- L'arte di G. P. in una serie di opere di lui, ibid., XIV (1914), pp. 169–81
- G. B. P., Firenze 1921
- Riv. della città di Venezia, 1927
- Dedalo, VIII (1927–28), pp. 671–95
- Pseudo influenza francese nell'arte di G. B. P., in Riv. d. Venezia, XII (1933), pp. 399–412 (con elenco completo delle opere e completa bibl.)
- Altre opere inedite rivendicate o poco note di G. B. P., Venezia 1933 (con 43 illustr.)
- Disegni inediti di G. B. P., in Riv. di Venezia, XIII (1934), pp. 263–90; G. Fogolari, in Boll. d'arte, 1907, p. 6 segg.; id., in Emporium, XXXVII (1913), pp. 222–27
- In Arte sacra, 1914; id., in Strenna, 1924-25
- G. Fiocco, in Riv. della città di Venezia, 1925, 1929
- La pittura veneta del Sei e Settecento, Verona 1929
- Francesco Maccarinelli, Le Glorie di Brescia raccolte dalle Pitture, Che nelle sue Chiese, Oratorii, Palazzi et altri luoghi publici sono esposte, Brescia 1747
- Pier Virgilio Begni Redona, Pitture e sculture in San Nazaro e Celso in AA.VV., La collegiata insigne dei Santi Nazaro e Celso in Brescia, Editrice la Scuola, Brescia 1992