|Patagona gigas in Chile|
G.R. Gray, 1840
The giant hummingbird (Patagona gigas) is the largest member of the hummingbird family, weighing 18–24 g (0.63–0.85 oz) with a wingspan measuring approximately 21.5 cm (8.5 in) in length, and wing strokes as slow as 12 per second. This is approximately the same length as a European starling or a northern cardinal, though the giant hummingbird is considerably lighter due to its more slender build and fairly long bill. It is the only member of the genus Patagona.
In Bolivia, the giant hummingbird is known in Quechua as burro q'enti. The Spanish word burro refers to its dull, relatively unattractive plumage compared to other locally occurring hummingbirds (e.g., red-tailed comet).
The giant hummingbird is found in rather arid open woodland and scrub between 2,000 and 4,300 m (6,600 and 14,100 ft) above sea level in the Andes of South America, from far south-western Colombia to central Chile and Argentina.
Global range and population
The range of Patagona gigas is rather large, and its global Extent of Occurrence is estimated at 1,200,000 km2. Its global population is believed to be not less than 10,000 adults.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Patagona gigas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- San Diego Zoo's Animal Bytes: Hummingbird
- Fjeldsa, Jon; Krabbe, Niels (1990). Birds of the High Andes. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. p. 876.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Patagona gigas.|
- Giant Hummingbird videos on the Internet Bird Collection
- BirdLife Species Factsheet
- - photographs of this and other hummingbird species
- Giant Hummingbird photo gallery VIREO
|This hummingbird-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|