Giant grouper

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"Brown spotted cod" redirects here. For the Southern African fish, see brown-spotted rockcod. For the Persian Gulf fish, see Brown Spotted Reef Cod.
Not to be confused with the goliath grouper.
Giant grouper
Georgia Aquarium - Giant Grouper.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Serranidae
Genus: Epinephelus
Species: E. lanceolatus
Binomial name
Epinephelus lanceolatus
(Bloch, 1790)

The giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus), also known as the brindlebass, brown spotted cod, or bumblebee grouper, and as the Queensland groper in Australia, is the largest bony fish found in coral reefs, and the aquatic emblem of Queensland, Australia. It is found from near the surface to depths of 100 m (330 ft) at reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific region, with the exception of the Persian Gulf. It also enters estuaries.[2] It reaches up to 2.7 m (8.9 ft) in length and 400 kg (880 lb) in weight;[2] there are unconfirmed reports of it growing much bigger, up to 3.05 m (10.0 ft) and 598 kg (1,318 lb). Giant groupers feed on a variety of marine life, including small sharks and juvenile sea turtles. Due to overfishing, this species has declined drastically in many regions, and it is now considered Vulnerable by the IUCN.[1]

The Queensland grouper has also been found to inhabit the fresh-water of the Brisbane River of Queensland, Australia.

Young specimen.

This giant fish is similar to the Malabar grouper, and its colour changes with age. The giant grouper has a large mouth and a rounded tail. Juveniles have irregular black and yellow markings, while adults are green-grey to grey-brown with faint mottling, with numerous small black spots on the fins.

The first fish to undergo chemotherapy was Bubba, a giant grouper at the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago, USA.[3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Shuk Man, C. & Ng Wai Chuen (Grouper & Wrasse Specialist Group) (2006). "Epinephelus lanceolatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Epinephelus lanceolatus" in FishBase. May 2012 version.
  3. ^ "'Bubba,' Famed Cancer-surviving Grouper, R.I.P.; 'Overcame Some Incredible Odds'". Underwatertimes.com News Service (Underwatertimes). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 27 May 2012.