^All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
^Paul Theroux (15 Dec 2011). The Pillars of Hercules: A Grand Tour of the Mediterranean. Le Grand Sud to Nice: Penguin UK. ISBN9780241958810. ...Later I checked with my Arabic-speaking brother Peter and discovered that Giarrat was probably a cognate of Djarad, meaning locust.|accessdate= requires |url= (help)
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