Gibb, Livingston & Co.
Gibb, Livingston & Co. was established on 1 July 1836 in Canton, by two Scotsmen, Thomas Augustus Gibb and William Potter Livingston, who were originally employees of the British East India Company. and moved to Macao during the First Opium War. It opened the first office at Queen's Road, Hong Kong when the island was ceded to the British as a colony. In 1844 John Darby Gibb opened a branch in Shanghai at the Cadastral Lot No. 2. on Jin Kee Road where the street was the firmm's Chinese name, "Jinkee". A branch later opened at Foochow (now known as Fuzhou) mainly for the tea trade and from which the firm's clippers operated. Its office in Hong Kong was located at the York's Buildings. The principal trade of the firm in its early days were export of tea and imports of cottons and woolens as well as trade in opium.
The firm was the agent for many companies in different places in China including Shanghai Land Investment Company, China Fire Insurance Company, North British and Mercantile Fire Insurance Company, "Allianz" Vers. Aktien Ges. in Berlin, United States Lloyds, Indemnity Mutual Marine Insurance Company, Lloyds London, London Salvage Association, Liverpool Salvage Association, Maritime Insurance Company, Ltd., Liverpool, Underwriting and Agency Association, and ; British North Borneo Government, Hongkong Electric Company, South African Line of Steamers, Australian Alliance Association Company (Marine), Northern Fire and Life Assurance Company and North Queensland Insurance Company in Hong Kong; and Union Insurance Society of Canton, Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, and North British and Mercantile Insurance Company in Foochow.
- "China Directory 1862". Hong Kong: A. Shortrede & Co. 1862. p. 39. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- Braga, José Maria (1957). Hong Kong Business Symposium: A Compilation of Authoritative Views on the Administration, Commerce, and Resources of Britain's Far Eastern Outpost. South China Morning Post, Limited. p. 431.
- Crisswell, Colin N. (1991). The Taipans: Hong Kong's Merchant Princes. Oxford University Press. p. 103.
- Wright, Arnold (1908). Twentieth century impressions of Hong-kong, Shanghai, and other Treaty Ports of China. London: Lloyd's Greater Britain Pub. Co. p. 216.
- Liang, Samuel Y. (2010). Mapping Modernity in Shanghai: Space, Gender, and Visual Culture in the Sojourners' City, 1853-98. Routledge. p. 90.
- Jones, Geoffrey (2000). Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Oxford University Press. p. 276.