Gibbet Hill, Hindhead

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Gibbet Hill
Celtic cross on Gibbet Hill.JPG
The Celtic Cross
Elevation 272 m (892 ft)
Location
Gibbet Hill is located in Surrey
Gibbet Hill
Gibbet Hill
Gibbet Hill in Surrey, England
Range Greensand Ridge
Coordinates 51°06′58″N 0°42′58″W / 51.11611°N 0.71611°W / 51.11611; -0.71611Coordinates: 51°06′58″N 0°42′58″W / 51.11611°N 0.71611°W / 51.11611; -0.71611

Gibbet Hill, at Hindhead, Surrey, is a hill above the Devil's Punch Bowl, not far from the A3 London to Portsmouth road in England. It is the second highest point in Surrey after Leith Hill.

Geography[edit]

Hind-head Hill c1808

Gibbet Hill stands 272 metres (892 ft) above sea level. It commands a panoramic view, especially to the north and east. The view to the north overlooks the Devil's Punchbowl, Thursley, Hankley Common, Crooksbury Hill, and the Hog's Back towards Godalming and Guildford. To the east lies the Sussex Weald. To the south, the hills of Haslemere and Blackdown can be seen, with some sections of the South Downs.

On a clear day it is possible to see London's skyline, including The Gherkin, Tower 42 and Wembley Stadium, approximately 61 kilometres (38 mi) away.

Weydown common lies to the south of Gibbet Hill. From 1909 or earlier until 1939 or later, a white horse was carved into the hillside at Combe Head, so that it could be seen from Gibbet Hill, although the figure is now covered by heath.[1][2][3]

On the summit of Gibbet Hill stands a Celtic cross that was erected there in the 19th century. In one account, the cross was erected in 1851 by Sir William Erle to dispel the fears of the local residents about evil spirits.[citation needed] The area was one of disrepute due to the activities of highwaymen and robbers, the corpses of three of whom were formerly displayed there on a gibbet as punishment for their crimes.[4] Another account has the cross as Erle's unmarked memorial erected after his death.[5]

The general area is one of heathland and gorse, and was originally an area of the broomsquire, who would harvest the heather, broom, and birch branches to make brooms. As such, it was often thought to be a pagan or heathen area.

Gibbet Hill and the nearby area were mentioned by Dickens in his novel Nicholas Nickleby,[6] in the scene where Nickleby was walking from London to Portsmouth.

They walked upon the rim of the Devil's Punch Bowl; and Smike listened with greedy interest as Nicholas read the inscription upon the stone which, reared upon that wild spot, tells of a murder committed there by night. The grass on which they stood, had once been dyed with gore; and the blood of the murdered man had run down, drop by drop, into the hollow which gives the place its name. "The Devil's Bowl," thought Nicholas, as he looked into the void, "never held fitter liquor than that!"

Dickens was referring to the murder on 24 September 1786 of an Unknown Sailor who was met by three men in the Red Lion at Thursley as he was travelling to his ship in Portsmouth. He bought them drinks and they then followed him and murdered him in the Devil's Punch Bowl. They were quickly apprehended at the Sun Inn in Rake, tried and executed, and their bodies hung on Gibbet Hill. The unknown sailor was buried in Thursley churchyard, and a memorial stone was erected on Gibbet Hill near the scene of the crime. In 2000, Peter Moorey suggested that the sailor was an Edward Hardman.[7]

USAAF Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando crash[edit]

On 6 May 1945, a Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando (44-77839) of the United States Army Air Forces was flying over Gibbet Hill in bad weather, when the aircraft struck one of the two Gee radar towers (actually the one on Hindhead Common) and crashed;[citation needed] all 30 passengers and crew died along with one person on the ground.[8] The second tower, on Gibbet Hill was demolished in the 1950s.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://wiltshirewhitehorses.org.uk/hindpc.html
  2. ^ "Hindhead white horse, Surrey". Non-Wiltshire white horses. Wiltshire White Horses. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Hows, Mark. "Surrey Horse". The Hill Figure Homepage. Dr. Mark Hows. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Out and About". VisitHaslemere. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ *[Anon.] (1911) "Sir William Erle, Encyclopaedia Britannica
  6. ^ Dickens, Charles. Nicholas Nickleby.
  7. ^ “Who was the Sailor Murdered at Hindhead 1786” by Peter Moorey published 2000 ISBN 0-9533944-2-5
  8. ^ Aviation Safety Network 19450506-1