Gibbon, Oregon

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Gibbon is an unincorporated community in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States.[1] It is about 20 miles (32 km) east of Pendleton on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, near the Umatilla River.[2][3]

Gibbon is a station on the Union Pacific railroad that was named for Major General John Gibbon, who was in command of the Department of the Columbia based in Vancouver, Washington from 1885-1886.[4][5] At the time the railroad was being constructed, there was a station at or near Gibbon named Mikecha, made up from the names of three civil engineers named Mink, Kennedy, and Chalk.[4] At the beginning of the 20th century, the name of the station was changed to Bingham Springs, because it served the Bingham Springs resort, which is eight miles east up the Umatilla River.[4] The name of the post office, however, remained Gibbon.[4] Gibbon post office ran from 1892 through 1966.[4] At some point the name of the railroad station was changed back to Gibbon.[4] Today Gibbon has an Adams mailing address.

As of 1940, Gibbon had a school that served both Native American and European American children.[3]


This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gibbon has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[6]


  1. ^ "Gibbon". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved 2010-12-28. 
  2. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 74. ISBN 0-89933-347-8. 
  3. ^ a b Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oregon (1940). Oregon: End of the Trail. American Guide Series. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort. p. 259. OCLC 4874569. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 83-84, 400, 523-524. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 137. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Gibbon, Oregon

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Coordinates: 45°41′58″N 118°21′54″W / 45.699576°N 118.364960°W / 45.699576; -118.364960