Gibraltar Botanic Gardens
|Gibraltar Botanic Gardens
The Dell in the heart of La Alameda Gardens
|Area||6 hectares (15 acres)|
|Owned by||Government of Gibraltar|
|Operated by||Wildlife (Gibraltar) Limited|
|Status||Open all year|
|Plants||Aloes, palms, dragon trees, sunken garden[disambiguation needed]|
|Director||Dr. Keith Bensusan|
In 1816 the gardens were commissioned by the British Governor of Gibraltar General George Don. It was his intention that the soldiers stationed in the fortress would have a pleasant recreational area to enjoy when off duty.
In the Second World War the gardens were a popular meeting place for the thousands of homosexual soldiers and sailors that passed through Gibraltar on their way to the various fronts. In the later years of the war the Military Police regularly raided the gardens to enforce the ban on homosexuality in the British and American armed forces and Merchant Navy.
The gardens were resurrected in 1991 by an external company when it was realised that since the 1970s they had fallen into a poor state. Three years later the gardens had the addition of a zoo: the Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park.
In 2001 a bronze sculpture of James Joyce's Molly Bloom was installed in the gardens. This running figure was commissioned from Jon Searle to celebrate the bicentenary of the Gibraltar Chronicle in 2001.
The Eliott Memorial
General Don had commissioned a memorial of George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield in 1815, which did not materialise in the form initially requested. A colossal statue of General Eliot, carved from the bowsprit of the Spanish ship San Juan Nepomuceno, taken at the Battle of Trafalgar was first created. That statue was taken to the Governor's residence, The Convent, where it stands today, being replaced by the present bronze bust in 1858. This statue is guarded for four 18th century howitzers.
Plants of the gardens
The plants of the Alameda Gardens are a combination of native species and others brought in from abroad:
- Dracaena draco (Canary Islands Dragon Tree), a subtropical Dragon Tree native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, Azores, and locally in western Morocco. The oldest dragon tree in the gardens is about 300 years old.
- Stone pine (Pinus pinea), a species of pine native of southern Europe, primarily the Iberian Peninsula.
- Wild Olive (Olea europaea), a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae.
- Celtis australis (European Nettle Tree), a deciduous tree that can be among 20 to 25 metres of height.
- Grevillea robusta (Australian Silk Oak), the largest species in the genus Grevillea. There is only one specimen of this tree in the gardens.
- Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis), a large palm native to the Canary Islands off the Atlantic coast of north Africa.
- Washingtonia filifera (Washingtonia), a palm native to the desert oases of Central, southern and southwestern Arizona, southern Nevada, extreme northwest Mexico and inland deserts of southern California.
- Howea forsteriana (Kentia palm), endemic to Lord Howe Island.
- Solitaire Palm Ptychosperma elegans
- Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), an evergreen shrub native to East Asia.
- Bougainvillea, a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province).
- Asteraceae (daisies), the second largest family of flowering plants.
- Pelargonium, a genus of flowering plants.
- Succulent plant, water-retaining plants adapted to arid climate or soil conditions.
Castle and key set in the lawn of The Dell.
British-style red telephone box.
Duke of Wellington's memorial.
- List of plants in the Gibraltar Botanic Gardens
- Gibraltar candytuft
- Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park
- Poplar avenue
- "Gibraltar Botanical Gardens "The Alameda"". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- "Welcome to the Gibraltar Botanic Gardens". The Alameda Gibraltar Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- Conduct unbecoming, BBC dcumentary.
- "Special Events". Gibraltar Chronicle. 2001. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Alameda Gardens, Strolling Guides, accessed August 2012
- "Alameda Gardens". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
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