Gibraltar City Hall

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Gibraltar City Hall
Gibraltar City Hall 01.jpg
Main façade of the Gibraltar City Hall, from John Mackintosh Square.
Gibraltar City Hall is located in Gibraltar
Gibraltar City Hall
Location within Gibraltar
Former names Club House, Club House Hotel, Connaught House
Alternative names City Hall
General information
Architectural style Regency
Location Gibraltar
Address John Mackintosh Square
Coordinates 36°08′27″N 5°21′16″W / 36.140853°N 5.354454°W / 36.140853; -5.354454
Current tenants Anthony Lima, Mayor of Gibraltar
Completed 1819
Owner Government of Gibraltar

The Gibraltar City Hall is the former city hall for Gibraltar, centrally located within the city at the west end of John Mackintosh Square. It is the official residence of the Mayor of Gibraltar.

History[edit]

Connaught House in 1879

The building was a private mansion built in 1819[1] by Aaron Cardozo, a prosperous merchant of Jewish Portuguese descent who had settled in Gibraltar, as his family home. It was the grandest private mansion ever seen in Gibraltar.[2] The three-storey house dominated John Mackintosh Square.

It was erected on the site of the old hospital and chapel of La Santa Misericordia (English: The Holy Mercy) and later prison.[1] As a non Protestant, Cardozo was not legally allowed to own property in Gibraltar. However, as he had been a close friend of Nelson and had supplied his fleet, he was eventually granted a site to build a house in the Alameda on the condition that it be "an ornament" to the square.[2] Its cost was about £40,000.[3]

After his death in 1834, his mansion was leased to John Ansaldo[4] as a hotel,[1] the Club House Hotel. It was bought in 1874 by Pablo Antonio Larios, a wealthy businessman and banker, Gibraltarian-born but member of a Spanish family, the Larios, who completely refurbished the building.[1] In 1922, his son Pablo Larios, Marquis of Marzales (Master of the Royal Calpe Hunt for 45 years), sold the building to the Gibraltar colonial authorities, which intended to turn it into a post office. However, it eventually became the seat of the newly formed Gibraltar City Council.[5] Since 1926, the Gibraltar telephone service was operated by the City Council.[6] and an automatic exchange serving the territory was installed in the last floor of the building.[7] The building was later extended (including a new storey and a new body to the North) modifying its original symmetry. Nowadays, it houses the Mayor's Parlour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Benady, 18)
  2. ^ a b (Bond, 48)
  3. ^ (Bond, 49)
  4. ^ Mascarenhas, Alice (10 August 2010). "Lombard brings a new sense of history to the role". Gibraltar Chronicle. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
  5. ^ (Benady, 19)
  6. ^ (Constantine, 337)
  7. ^ (Romero Frías, 68-69)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Benady, Tito (1996). The Streets of Gibraltar. Gibraltar Books. pp. 17–19. ISBN 0-948466-37-5. 
  • Bond, Peter (2003). 300 Years of British Gibraltar 1704-2004. Peter-Tan Publishing Co. 
  • Stephen Constantine (2009). Community and identity. The making of modern Gibraltar since 1704. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-8054-8. 
  • Romero Frías, Rafael (1994). Fundación Arte y Tecnología de Telefónica, ed. Colección Histórico-Tecnológica de Telefónica (in Spanish). Madrid. ISBN 84-604-9745-3. 

External links[edit]