Gibraltar Parliament

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Coordinates: 36°08′27″N 5°21′14″W / 36.140775°N 5.353758°W / 36.140775; -5.353758

Gibraltar Parliament
2nd Gibraltar Parliament
Coat of arms of Gibraltar.svg
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Speaker

Adolfo J. Canepa, GMH, OBE, MP

[1], (Non-affiliated)
Since 18 October 2012
Leader of The House Fabian Picardo, (Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party)
Since 9 December 2011
Structure
Seats 17 members of parliament (MPs)
Parliament Building
Political groups Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party, Liberal Party of Gibraltar, Gibraltar Social Democrats
Elections
Last election 8 December 2011
Next election 19 April 2016 or earlier
Meeting place
The Chamber
Parliament Building, John Mackintosh Square, Gibraltar
Website
www.parliament.gi
Coat of arms of the Government of Gibraltar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Gibraltar

The Gibraltar Parliament is the legislature of the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Between 1969 and 2006 it was called the Gibraltar House of Assembly.

Functions[edit]

The House of Assembly, set up under the 1969 constitution, was a unicameral body originally consisting of 15 members elected by the Gibraltar electorate, plus two appointed members including the Attorney-General. The term "House of Assembly" has been commonly used for the legislatures of British territories that are less than fully sovereign. It was replaced by the current Gibraltar Parliament by the new 2006 constitution, reflecting an increase in its sovereignty. All 17 of the new Parliament's members are elected.

Under the election system, each voter was allowed to vote for ten members of the Assembly. Due to the small area of Gibraltar and its territorial continuity, precincts served only as polling places, not political units, and there are no electoral districts served by the members, who were instead elected "at large" to serve the territory as a whole.

The system lends itself to block voting – each of the parties or electoral coalitions tended to nominate a slate of ten candidates and encourage its supporters to vote for all of them. In most cases, the winning party or coalition would have all ten of its nominees elected, with the other seven elected members coming from the second-place party.

Parliament Building[edit]

The Parliament sits in a building overlooking Main Street and John Mackintosh Square. It was constructed in 1817 and previously served as the Exchange and Commercial Library. In 1951, the building was refurbished to host the Legislative Council.[2] Under the 1969 Constitution, the House of Assembly was established, superseding the Legislative Council. The first session of the House of Assembly, was opened on 28 August 1969 by the then Governor Admiral Varyl Begg[3]

Current membership[edit]

The 17 Members of the second Gibraltar Parliament as at 5 July 2013, ordered alphabetically, are:

*Albert Isola was elected at a by-election on 4 July 2013 after a seat had become vacant following the death of Bruzon, Charles Arthur in April 2013.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 8 December 2011 Gibraltar Parliament election results
Parties1 Votes2 % Seats
Alliance Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party 59,824 34.23 7
Gibraltar Liberal Party 25,590 14.64 3
Gibraltar Social Democrats 81,721 46.76 7
Progressive Democratic Party 7,622 4.36
Total (turnout 81.4%) 174,757 100.00 17
Source: Government of Gibraltar

1 These figures have been consolidated by party. Under the Gibraltar electoral system, all candidates are listed on the ballot paper individually.
2 Every voter has up to 10 votes to vote for their choice from all the candidates standing. Accordingly although there are more seats available, the main parties field 10 candidates and hope to secure 'block votes'. Thus the total of 174,757 votes comes from 21,712 voters, an 81.4% turnout of the electorate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Composition of Parliament". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Benady, Tito (1996). The Streets of Gibraltar. Gibraltar Books. pp. 17–18. ISBN 0-948466-37-5. 
  3. ^ Government of Gibraltar – The Gibraltar Parliament

External links[edit]