Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party
|Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party|
|Preceded by||Gibraltar Democratic Movement|
|Headquarters||Suite 16, 3 Watergardens, Waterport Road, Gibraltar|
|National affiliation||alliance with Liberal Party of Gibraltar|
|European Parliament group||Party of European Socialists (2004–09)|
|Politics of Gibraltar
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party (GSLP) is a social-democratic political party in Gibraltar. The GSLP is the oldest surviving active political party in Gibraltar. Its grass roots are based in the trade union movement, as its founder and former leader Joe Bossano was the District Officer of the Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU). The party has been led since 2011 by Fabian Picardo.
The TGWU during Bossano's tenure was instrumental in achieving parity with the United Kingdom for all workers in Gibraltar. Bossano left the Integration with Britain Party in 1975 and founded the Gibraltar Democratic Movement (GDM), which contested the 1976 election winning four seats in the House of Assembly. The GDM became the Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party in 1978 and obtained one seat, that of Bossano, in the 1980 election. At the elections of 1984, the GSLP capitalized on the Gibraltarian discontent about the way the British Government was handling the future of the Gibraltar Royal Navy dockyard, opposing the transfer of the docks to Appledore International (which involved the loss of about 400 jobs), and winning seven of the fifteen seats of the Assembly. The party was eventually in Government from 1988 to 1996.
Like all the other parties in Gibraltar, the GSLP supports self-determination for Gibraltar and opposes any moves toward joint British–Spanish sovereignty. The party has historically been more hardline in its attitude towards Spain's claim to the sovereignty of Gibraltar, refusing to include the subject of sovereignty in any discussions dealing with normal day to day cooperation between Gibraltar and Spain, than the Gibraltar Social Democrats, who veer towards a more conciliatory stance. The party has strong member and personal ties with the UK Labour Party with many prominent members having been involved with the Labour Party while in the United Kingdom. The GSLP also endorsed the Labour Party at the 2014 European Parliament elections as it had done on previous European elections.
The party strongly supports Gibraltar's territorial integrity, in particular seeks pursuit of the recognition of the full twelve mile limit to Gibraltar Territorial Waters as is the case with other British overseas territories, and considers Spain's violations of the current three mile limit of territorial waters as "a hostile and unfriendly act".
The party does not consider Gibraltar to have been decolonised by the Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006, and has a policy of continued participation at all United Nations venues where Gibraltar is discussed including the Special Committee on Decolonization until such time as the decolonisation of Gibraltar is recognised by the UN and the achievement of a new international status for Gibraltar as a full self-governing territory under the British Crown.
In the 1992 elections to the Gibraltar House of Assembly, the party won 73.1%% of the popular vote and 8 seats.
In the 1996 elections to the Gibraltar House of Assembly, the party won 42.95% of the popular vote and 7 seats.
In the 2000 elections to the Gibraltar House of Assembly, the party won (in Alliance with the Liberals) 40.6% of the popular vote and 7 seats.
In the 2003 elections to the Gibraltar House of Assembly, the party won (in Alliance with the Liberals) 39.7% of the popular vote and 5 seats.
In the 2007 elections to the Gibraltar Parliament, the party won (in Alliance with the Liberals) 45.49% of the popular vote and 7 seats.
In the 2011 elections to the Gibraltar Parliament, the party won (in Alliance with the Liberals) 48.88% of the popular vote and 10 seats (7 GSLP, 3 Libs) and formed the new Government of Gibraltar.
In the 2013 by-election to the Gibraltar Parliament, following the death of Housing Minister Charles Bruzon (GSLP), the GSLP candidate Albert Isola won 49.84% of the popular vote and won the seat.
The GSLP supports and endorses the UK Labour Party during European parliament elections.
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of seats won|
|1||Joe Bossano, MP||1978-April 2011||Chief Minister of Gibraltar from 1988-1996|
|2||Fabian Picardo, MP||April 2011-present||Chief Minister of Gibraltar from 2011-present|
- E.G. Archer (2006). Gibraltar Identity and Empire. Routledge. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-415-34796-9. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- R. H. Haigh; D S Morris; D. S. Morris (1 June 2002). Britain, Spain and Gibraltar 1945-1990: The Eternal Triangle. Taylor & Francis. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-203-19463-8. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Peter Gold (2005). Gibraltar: British or Spanish?. Routledge. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-415-34795-5.