Gibsland, Louisiana

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Coordinates: 32°32′34″N 93°03′34″W / 32.54278°N 93.05944°W / 32.54278; -93.05944
Gibsland, Louisiana
Town
Downtown Gibsland, LA IMG 0767.JPG
Downtown Gibsland
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Bienville
Elevation 272 ft (82.9 m)
Coordinates 32°32′34″N 93°03′34″W / 32.54278°N 93.05944°W / 32.54278; -93.05944
Area 6.87 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
 - land 6.82 km2 (3 sq mi)
 - water 0.06 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 979 (2010)
Density 143.6 / km2 (371.9 / sq mi)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 318
Location of Gibsland in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States

Gibsland is a town in Bienville Parish in northern Louisiana, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 979.[1] The town is best known for its connecting railroads, as the birthplace of the defunct historically black Coleman College, and for the nearby shootings in 1934 of the bandits Bonnie and Clyde.

Coleman College[edit]

In 1890, with ten students, Coleman Baptist Male and Female College opened its doors to educate the children of nearby freed slaves. The institution produced primarily teachers and preachers.

Supported by the Southern Baptist Church, Coleman College at its peak owned some 100 acres (40 ha), of which ten were devoted to educational purposes. There were eight buildings which included classrooms, auditorium, dormitories, and an administrative building. The college offered a choir, glee club, and intercollegiate athletics. Nicknamed the Bulldogs, Coleman College's chief athletic rival was the historically black Grambling College Tigers in Grambling in Lincoln Parish, subsequently Grambling State University. Enrollment at Coleman reached as high as four hundred in some years. The college closed in Gibsland in 1944. Among its graduates were the first president of Southern University in Baton Rouge, Dr. J. S. Clark, and Ada Bell Lewis Coleman. Ada Coleman was the mother of Mildred Coleman Marks, Geraldine Coleman Gaillord, and the deceased McVicker Monroe Coleman, Jr., and Georgia Coleman McClaron.

Professor Coleman, founder and president of Coleman College, died of injuries sustained in an automobile accident in March 1927 in Jackson, Mississippi. His great-grandson, John R. Marks, III, in 2003 became the mayor of the capital city of Tallahassee, Florida.

Later in 1944, Coleman College re-opened for another decade in Shreveport. By 1946, the trustees had made the last payment on property in the Mooretown community at 3701 Hollywood Avenue, the current location of Winnfield Funeral Home. Decreased enrollment caused the school to close once again in the middle 1950s.


Gibsland-Coleman Complex[edit]

The original Gibsland campus became Coleman High School, and after desegregation in 1969 with the all-white Gibsland High School, was renamed the Gibsland-Coleman Complex.

One of the Gibsland High School principals, John Sherman Campbell (1897-1976), served from 1935 to 1938, when he accepted a position in Baton Rouge with the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. A native of Ouachita Parish who was subsequently reared in Oak Grove in West Carroll Parish, Campbell wrote a master's thesis through Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge entitled, The Birds of Bienville Parish. Later Governor Jimmie Davis appointed him to the Louisiana Commission on Aging, in which capacity he attended the White House Conference on Aging in Washington, D. C., from January 9-12, 1961. Campbell, who held the bachelor's degree from Louisiana Tech University in Ruston, had been the principal at Bienville High School in Bienville from 1930 to 1935, when he came to Gibsland High School. An active Baptist layman, Campbell is honored by the establishment of the John S. Campbell Layman Lecture Series at Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary in Memphis, Tennessee.[2]

Jesse N. Stone, the fourth president of the historically black Southern University System, was a Gibsland native, as was the Louisiana Tech University president F. Jay Taylor. Born in nearby Taylor, Louisiana, was the Louisiana Tech speech professor and long-time principal of Castor High School, E. R. Minchew.

Brief railroad history[edit]

First incorporated in 1889, the Louisiana & North West Railroad Company operates 62 miles (100 km) of shortline between Gibsland and McNeil, Arkansas. The LNW interchanges on both ends of the line: with the Union Pacific (former St. Louis Southwestern) in McNeil; and with Kansas City Southern (former MidSouth, ICG) at Gibsland.

For many years the road was well-known among railfans for its unusual stable of F7 "covered wagons"—unusual motive power of choice for a backwoods southern shortline. In the early 1990s, the F units were sold off to various places, gradually replaced by Geeps from various locations. The LNW shops are located at Gibsland, a few hundred yards from one of the busiest interchange diamonds in all of the state. For decades, three different railroads interchanged in Gibsland. The switching activity could get so hectic the daily routine was known among railfans as the "Gibsland Shuffle."


Geography[edit]

Gibsland is located in northern Bienville Parish at 32°32′34″N 93°3′13″W / 32.54278°N 93.05361°W / 32.54278; -93.05361 (32.542675, -93.053511)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.7 square miles (6.9 km2), of which 0.023 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.81%, is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,119 people, 475 households, and 293 families residing in the town. The population density was 422.2 people per square mile (163.0/km²). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 214.3 per square mile (82.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 16.26% White, 82.75% African American, 0.36% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population.

There were 475 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 23.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,250, and the median income for a family was $22,098. Males had a median income of $25,789 versus $18,958 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,185. About 27.5% of families and 34.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.3% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.

Gallery[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

The Jonquil Jubilee and Historic and Garden Tour and the Bonnie and Clyde Festival are celebrated annually. The Jonquil Jubilee offers advice to area gardeners from botanists.

Bonnie and Clyde[edit]

The Bonnie and Clyde Festival is held in Gibsland in mid-May. It features a staged bank robbery by actors portraying the infamous duo. The festival has been featured on the television program Weird U.S. on the History Channel. Bonnie and Clyde were killed off Louisiana Highway 154 south of Gibsland toward Sailes.

Gibsland is home to the Bonnie and Clyde Ambush Museum located in the former cafe where the outlaws ate their last meal, a breakfast. The museum is operated by Linton Jay "Boots" Hinton (born January 1934), formerly of Dallas and a son of posse member Ted Hinton. The museum exhibits also mention the local posse members brought in for jurisdictional reasons, Bienville Parish Sheriff Henderson Jordan (1896–1958) and his chief deputy and successor as sheriff, Prentiss Oakley.

Gibsland-Coleman Alumni[edit]

Gibsland-Coleman Alumni Association was organized in 1981. The first reunion was held in July 1981. The Gibsland-Coleman Alumni Association is a non-profit organization of alumni and other individuals who are interested in supporting the organization-mainly providing college scholarships annually to graduating seniors. Chapters are located in Houston, Los Angeles, Oakland, Gibsland and Maryland. The reunion is held in Gibsland annually during the first weekend of July.

Government[edit]

Odis Odell Key (born 1940), the current African-American mayor of Gibsland, was arrested on December 23, 2013, and booked into the Bienville Parish Jail in Arcadia on five counts of malfeasance in office. His bond is $50,000. Investigators have challenged Key regarding certain discrepancies in Gibsland municipal finances, but he declined to answer their questions. The Democrat Key was hence arrested without the delay for a grand jury to hear evidence against him that has been determined in an investigation that began in June 2012.[5]

Pinkie C. Wilkerson, another African-American Democrat, represented Gibsland in the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1992 until her death in an automobile accident in 2000. A Gibsland street bears her name.

References[edit]