|Period||1963 - 1968, 1974 - 1998, 1998 - present|
|Neck joint||Set (Twin)|
|Neck||Mahogany (vintage) or Maple (today)|
|Pickup(s)||Two 490R Alnico magnet Humbuckers (12 and 6 string)|
|Alpine White, Cherry Red|
The Gibson EDS-1275 is a doubleneck Gibson electric guitar introduced in 1963 and still in production. Popularized by both rock and jazz musicians such as Jimmy Page and John McLaughlin, it was called "the coolest guitar in rock."
From 1958 to 1961 these were produced as hollow bodied custom-order twin-necked hollow-body instruments with two 6-string necks, one being a short-scale neck tuned to a higher octave; from 1962 to 1967 it had a solid body. A model with a 4-string bass and a 6-string guitar neck was called the EBS-1250; it had a built-in fuzztone and was produced from 1962 to 1968 and again from 1977 to 1978.
In 1963, the solid-body EDS-1275 was designed, resembling the SG model; this version of the doubleneck was available until 1968, and were being produced again in 1977. The EDS-1275 is often referred to as the "SG double neck" due to its similar shape, although both necks of the 1275 have a shorter scale fret board than the Gibson SG, and they have fixed tail pieces, where the SG has an adjustable one. The guitar was available in jet black, cherry, sunburst, and white.
In 1974, Gibson started making the guitar again, in a number of additional colors, until 1998. Since then, alpine white and heritage cherry versions were made by Gibson USA in Nashville, Tennessee, until 2003, in the Nashville Custom Shop from 2004 to 2005, and in the Memphis, Tennessee, Custom Shop beginning in 2006.
The EDS-1275, while never selling in great quantities, was used by a number of notable musicians. Chicago bluesman Earl Hooker is seen holding one on the cover of the 1969 albums Two Bugs and a Roach and The Moon is Rising, and Elvis Presley sports a cherry doubleneck in the 1966 movie Spinout.
In the early 1970s, jazz-rock musician John McLaughlin played an EDS-1275 in his first years with the Mahavishnu Orchestra; the guitar, amplified through a 100-watt Marshall amplifier "in meltdown mode," produced the signature McLaughlin sound hailed by Guitar Player as one of the "50 Greatest Tones of All Time."
The model was popularized also by Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin, most notably during live performances of "Stairway to Heaven." The doubleneck obviated the need to switch guitars mid-song: at the beginning of "Stairway to Heaven", he used the bottom 6-string neck for the intro and first verse, then switched to the top 12-string neck, then to the 6-string neck for the extended guitar solo, and back to the 12-string for the final chorus.
By the time Page desired an EDS-1275, they were no longer in production so he ordered a custom-made cherry 6/12. Page's EDS-1275 has a slightly different body shape from the current model. Page's also has one-piece mahogany necks rather than the current three-piece maple, and has tailpieces positioned near the bottom of the body, reportedly increasing sustain, and Patent No. or T-Top humbucking pickups.
Jimmy Page signature model
Gibson released a VOS (Vintage Original Spec) Jimmy Page Signature EDS-1275 model in 2007; a total of 250 were made. Page kept serial number one for himself. Serial numbers 2 through 26 of these were played and signed by Page; number 11 was donated for auction to benefit a charitable cause.
The guitar is currently offered only through the Gibson Custom Shop as a special order model. It features two volume and two tone control knobs, a three-way pickup-selector switch, and a three-way neck-selector switch. It has vintage tulip tuners, pearloid split parallelogram inlays, black pickguards and pickup rings, twenty frets per neck (bound with single-ply white binding), and 490 Alnico (R) and 498 Alnico (T) humbucking pickups. The Custom Shop also makes a Don Felder "Hotel California" signature model.
Japanese guitar manufacturer Ibanez produced a model inspired by the Gibson, called the Double Axe, from 1974 to 1976. They were available as a 6/12, a 4/6, and a 6/6 configuration, in cherry and walnut finishes.
Notable EDS-1275 users
- "Rare Led Zeppelin guitar available agai: Jimmy Page's double neck is back after 36 years". NME. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Vinnicombe, Chris (4 August 2008). "Jimmy Page's Gibson named 'coolest guitar in rock'". MusicRadar. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Gruhn, George; Walter Carter (1999). Gruhn's guide to vintage guitars: An identification guide for American fretted instruments (2 ed.). Hal Leonard. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-87930-422-5. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Fjestad, Zachary R. (2008). Blue Book of Electric Guitars. Alfred Music. pp. 430–31. ISBN 978-1-886768-73-4. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Fjestad, Zachary R. (2008). Blue Book of Electric Guitars. Alfred Music. p. 629. ISBN 978-1-886768-73-4. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Batey, Rick (2003). The American Blues Guitar: An Illustrated History. 9780634027598. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-634-02759-8. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Case, George (2007). Jimmy Page: magus, musician, man: An unauthorized biography. Hal Leonard. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-4234-0407-1. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- "An EDS-1275 and a Drone-Stringed J-200: The Tale of John McLaughlin’s Two Rare Gibsons". Gibson Guitar Corporation. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Chapman, Richard (2000). Guitar: music, history, players. Dorling Kindersley. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-7894-5963-3.
- Blackett, Matt (October 2004). "The 50 Greatest Tones of All Time". Guitar Player 38 (10): 44–66.
- Case, George (2007). Jimmy Page: magus, musician, man: An unauthorized biography. Hal Leonard. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-4234-0407-1. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Drozdowski, Ted (11 February 2010). "Valentine’s Day Blues: 10 Classic Love Songs". Gibson Guitar Corporation. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Case, George (2007). Jimmy Page: magus, musician, man: An unauthorized biography. Hal Leonard. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-4234-0407-1. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Brown, Pete; Lisa Sharken (2003). Gear Secrets of the Guitar Legends: How to Sound Like Your Favorite Players. Hal Leonard. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-87930-751-6. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Fjestad, Zachary R. (2008). Blue Book of Electric Guitars. Alfred Music. p. 486. ISBN 978-1-886768-73-4. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- 2007 Charity auction for Gibson EDS-1275.
- "Gibson Custom EDS-1275 Double Neck". Gibson Guitar Corporation. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Gibson Custom - Don Felder Hotel California EDS-1275". Gibson Guitar Corporation. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Epiphone 2010 Catalog". Epiphone. p. 21. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
- "Epiphone G-1275 Custom". Epiphone.com.