Gidske Anderson (4 November 1921 – 19 October 1993) was a Norwegian journalist and a member of the Labour Party. She worked for the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) and then the newspaper Arbeiderbladet (1954–64) in Paris. from 1964 to 1967 she was a freelance journalist in the United States. She became editor of the foreign affairs section of Arbeiderbladet from 1967 to 1972, and then was Paris correspondent for NRK from 1973 to 1975. She sat on the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1981 to 1993, and chaired it in part of 1990 following the death of Egil Aarvik. The remaining period she was the committee's first deputy chair.