Gifhorn

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Gifhorn
Old town hall
Old town hall
Coat of arms of Gifhorn
Coat of arms
Gifhorn is located in Germany
Gifhorn
Gifhorn
Coordinates: 52°29′19″N 10°32′47″E / 52.48861°N 10.54639°E / 52.48861; 10.54639Coordinates: 52°29′19″N 10°32′47″E / 52.48861°N 10.54639°E / 52.48861; 10.54639
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Gifhorn
Subdivisions 6 districts
Government
 • Mayor Matthias Nerlich (CDU)
Area
 • Total 104.86 km2 (40.49 sq mi)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 41,183
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38501–38510, 38516, 38518
Dialling codes 05371
Vehicle registration GF
Website www.stadt-gifhorn.de

Gifhorn (German pronunciation: [ˈɡɪfhɔʁn]) is a town and capital of the district Gifhorn in the east of Lower Saxony, Germany. It has a population of about 42,000 and is mainly influenced by the small distance to the industrial and commercially important cities nearby, Brunswick and Wolfsburg. Further, Gifhorn is part of the Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region.

The oldest verifiable source attests the existence of the city in the year 1196.

Gifhorn is home to the International Wind- and Watermill Museum, which contains a comprehensive collection and working replicas of the world's most common windmills.

Geography[edit]

Gifhorn is situated about 20 km (12 mi) north of the city of Brunswick and about 15 km (9 mi) west of Wolfsburg. In the city, the Bundesstraße 4 and 188 meet. At the northern end of the city, the Lüneburg Heath starts. Gifhorn lies at the confluence of the Rivers Ise and Aller.

History[edit]

Gifhorn was first mentioned in 1196. It was located at the crossing of two then important merchant routes: The salt street (German: Salzstraße) being a main trading route for salt between Lüneburg and Brunswick, and the grain street (German: Kornstraße) transporting grain between Celle and Magdeburg.

Education[edit]

Schools in Gifhorn include the Humboldt Gymnasium, the Otto-Hahn-Gymnasium, Fritz-Reuter-Realschule, Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Realschule, Albert-Schweitzer-Hauptschule and the Berufsbildenden Schulen I and II. Alfred-Teves-Schule, which was called Volksschule Süd between 1954 and 1958, was open between 1954 and 2010.

International relations[edit]

Gifhorn is twinned with:

The Bells Palace[edit]

Glocken-Palast, or The Bells Palace, is a monument and large building in Gifhorn. It was completed after 16 years of construction, combining various Russian timber building styles. Its cornerstone was laid by former Russian president Mikhail Gorbachev in 1996.[2]

It was built as a centre to promote cultural exchange across Europe, following the fall of the Iron Curtain.[3]

The Bells Palace will host events and exhibitions celebrating peace, freedom and cultural diversity.

References[edit]

External links[edit]